SUBJECT VERB AGREEMENT: QUIZ 2

SUBJECT VERB CONCORD: QUIZ2

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1. Either Akriti or her sister ____cooking today.

Correct! Wrong!

Because any ONE person is cooking.

Either Kriti or her friends _____ participating in the drama.

Correct! Wrong!

Between two subjects If the first one is Singular and the later one is plural, Verb will be placed according to the number of later one.

3. Amit and Sumit ____ practicing for the match since last night.

Correct! Wrong!

Two different subjects are added with AND who are individual with their own identity.

4. Hurry up ! Bullock and cart ____waiting for us outside.

Correct! Wrong!

Two subjects are added with ‘and ‘ but make one sense ‘ BULLUCKCART ‘

5. Neither Aman nor Shobhit ____attending the party tonight.

Correct! Wrong!

no one is going and both the subjects are individual.

6. Neither Samridhi nor her friends _____crying on the farewell party.

Correct! Wrong!

The verb will be placed according to the number of later subjects.

7. The manager and secretary ____invited on his Birthday Party.

Correct! Wrong!

‘ THE’ has been placed before the first subject only that means ( manager and secretary both are the same person)

9. The manager and the secretary ____invited on his Birthday Party.

Correct! Wrong!

‘ THE’ has been placed before both the subjects that tell ( manager and secretary both are different persons)

9. A number of trees ____ been fallen down due to cyclone.

Correct! Wrong!

A number of + noun – when are unspecific, will take PLURAL HELPING VERB

10. A number of green trees ____ been fallen down due to cyclone.

Correct! Wrong!

‘ green trees’ – specific noun – A number of + noun – when are specific, will take SINGULAR HELPING VERB

QUIZ : BASED ON TENSE

QUIZ : TENSE

Anu writes a letter. (Negative)

Correct! Wrong!

Did you keep Ronit’s book at the table ? (Affirmative)

Correct! Wrong!

Shyam broke my lamp yesterday. (Interrogative)

Correct! Wrong!

Will you leave me alone ? (Interrogative Negative )

Correct! Wrong!

Abhilasha does not scold her brother . (Affirmative )

Correct! Wrong!

Deeksha had already arrived at time. (Interrogative)

Correct! Wrong!

The sparrows do not awake in the night. (Interrogative Negative)

Correct! Wrong!

Has Rajat ever seen a blue flower? (Negative)

Correct! Wrong!

SUBJECT VERB CONCORD: QUIZ 1

QUIZ 1: SUBJECT VERB CONCORD

Many a flower ___blooming in the garden.

Correct! Wrong!

After many if we have A/AN ,we will use singular helping verb.

Akshat as well as his sisters ___ present in the party

Correct! Wrong!

along with , together with, with… such words and phrases take helping verb according to the first subjects.

He or I ____ guilty.

Correct! Wrong!

If we have II and I person together in a sentence, Auxiliary Verb will be according to the later subject.

Every book and every pen from my bag ____ lost.

Correct! Wrong!

If we have each or every before subject, it always take singular helping verb.

Not only the commander but also the soldiers ____ killed.

Correct! Wrong!

Not only -but also take helping verb according to the later subject. Later subject is PLURAL

Not only the stars but also the moon ____shinning brightly yesterday night.

Correct! Wrong!

Later subject MOON is singular. Not only -but also take helping verb according to the later subject.

Here ___ hidden the answer of this secret question.

Correct! Wrong!

Here/There takes a helping verb according to the number of its compliment. QUESTION-SINGULAR

Here ____hidden the answers of these secret questions.

Correct! Wrong!

Here/There takes a helping verb according to the number of its complement. QUESTIONS -PLURAL

QUIZ 2 SUBJECT VERB CONCORD

COMPLAIN LETTER PRACTICE PAPER CBSE BASED

Question 

 1.Your name is Jack or Jimi. You live in the countryside area of Nagpur your locality is frequently facing some serious issues of robbery in the recent months. Write a letter of complaint to the Commissioner of Police describing the whole situation and asking him to look into the matter as soon as possible.
 
2.   You are Shivam or Shivani residing in 1545 Kirti Nagar, New Delhi. Write a letter to the Deputy Commissioner of Police drawing his attention to the deteriorating law and order situation in the City.
 
3.   Write a letter of complaint to the secretary of your society and inform him about the careless behaviour of the security guard which could lead to potential problems later on.

Editorial Letter Questions CBSE BASED:

QUESTIONS EDITORIAL LETTER

 
1. At your grandmother’s house 26/8 Gwalior, M.P., you were quite shocked to see such a bad quality of water. Write a letter to the editor and ask him to write an article to make the citizens and government aware of the problem of increasing the bad quality of water. You are Panjal/Priti.
 
2. Write a letter to the Postmaster of Jawaharlal Ghar Delhi inquiring about the whereabouts of a courier you said sent to your parents in Dehradun. You are Sunidhi/ Sujay.
 
3. Two main parks in your locality have suffered from neglect on the part of local authorities. They have virtually been taken over by undesirable elements. As a result, the residents have stopped going to the parks. Write a letter to the editor of a local newspaper expressing your concern about the problems the neglect has created and suggest measures to reclaim the parks for children. You are Gautam/Gauri 2, Gobind Enclave, Meerut.

ARTICLE WRITING: HOW TO WRITE AN ARTICLE: CBSE ARTICLE WRITING FORMAT AND SAMPLE

What is an Article Writing?

“An Article Writing is a piece of writing on any social issue intended to be published in newspaper or magazine sharing different thoughts, opinions, facts, records, information or pieces of advice with balanced arguments so that general public and authorities could be alert and try to solve the problem.”

FORMATION OF ARTICLE WRITING

An Article Writing consists of four basic parts:-

  • TITLE
  • WRITER’S NAME
  • MAIN BODY- a. Introduction b. Exposition c. Winding-up
  • CLOSING

Now let’s get into each part separately-

 I. TITLE

  • Eye-catching 
    The first and foremost thing is ‘the title of the Article’, which must be eye-catching. It must focus on the main topic of the issue catching the attention of the readers.
  •   Must be Written in BLOCK LETTER
  •    Must not exceed 4 to 5 words 

Example:

  • EVILS OF SCIENCE
  • LIFE DURING LOCKDOWN
  •  A HELLISH LIFE DURING PANDEMIC
  •   Can be in a single word or one       phrase also 

Example

  •     TERRORISM 
  •     WATER RESOURCES

 ( But it is recommended try to write a more impressive title)

  • Must be thought-provoking 
    For catching the attention of the readers we can ask some questions so that readers might pay more attention to listen to our words. You can make it thought-provoking in the following ways:
  • Can be in a question format 
    Example 
  • CAN YOU ALSO HEAR ANIMAL’S CRY?
  • DO YOU LOVE JUNK FOOD?
  • HAVE YOU LEARNT TIME MANAGEMENT?
  • Subtitle
    (To the main title, we can add subtitles also for making it more impressive. )
    Examples 
         DOWRY SYSTEM- A BLOT ON SOCIETY 
         INVENTIONS OF SCIENCE-BANE OR BOON?
         SCHOOL SPORTS DAY – A GREAT EVENT!

 II. WRITER’S NAME

The writer’s name can be written in two ways:-
we can write the writer’s name just below the title
or
Just at the end of the article at the right hand.

  III. MAIN BODY

The main body also consists of three basic parts:-
a. Introduction b. Exposition

c. Winding-up

a. Introduction

   Write a suitable Introduction of the Issue.

While introducing the issue of the article, we need to focus on the following points-
Try to establish context with a good introduction of a topic.
you can introduce the topic by writing:-

  • A good slogan or quote
  • Defining the topic

(You can introduce your topic by defining the problem or issue. we can also provoke the thought of the readers by asking some burning questions so that the readers might be more excited to read your article.)

b. Exposition
We can also open the different layers of a topic by showing various aspects of our problem or issue.
For making our topic more impressive we can show different kinds of:-

Examples

“I notice daily two boys aged around 12 to 14 working day and night 

at my neighboring hotel .”

-Statistics 

” From the year 2018 to 2019, there has been seen a dramatic leap of percentage in road accidents. They have been increased from 30 to 60 percent. “
-Causes 

“The major reasons behind the road accidents are due to violations of rules of the road.”
-Advantages or disadvantages- 

” Besides having different kinds of disadvantages, a mobile phone has its advantages also if we use it wisely.”

Remember:- It is not necessary to include all the elements. Write only which suits your topic.

c. WindingUP

Wind up or sum up the main Idea by:-

-An opinion

“Children can play an important role in stopping this cruelty to animals.”
-Criticism
“The police in general let off the violence easily after getting their palm greased.”

IV. CLOSING
We can conclude an Article in three different ways:-
-By showing hope
“But I hope people of the modern age would
try to understand the need for their brains to utilize in the service of their motherland.”
Leaving a warning
If we keep on killing animals  continuously in this way, soon there will come a day finding human  to survive for his life.”
Making an Appeal 
” Oh! Children of the world – animals, and birds are crying
for your help, they cannot survive without your support.”

HAPPY LEARNING!

SAMPLE - CLASS 10TH

ANIMAL’S CRY FOR HELP

-by Garima Jadun

ANIMALS’ CRY FOR HELP

    -by Nisha Tiwari

Man is perhaps the only animal who ill-treats and even kills other animals for his pleasure.

He destroys their natural habitats and ruthlessly kills animals for their skins, bones, and meat, although he is not a meat-eater by nature and holds life sacred.
 
Did you know that counts of animals and birds have been killed, mutilated, or decapitated in the name of scientific experiments, testing, and research? Rats, birds, and monkeys are not only kept in cramped and overcrowded cages but also subjected to ruthless treatment in the cold-blooded way in Laboratories the poor silent souls cannot even express the pain and suffering they are subjected to.
 
Most of them die a premature, painful, and unnatural death. Circuses, roadshows, cattle, and bird markets are also traps for these helpless creatures. Monkeys bears and parrots are ill-treated by Circus people and roadside showmen to make money by showing their tricks, bulls horses, mules, camels, and donkeys are made a carry heavy loads.
 
 Oh, Children of the world,! Animals and birds are crying for your help.  They cannot survive without your support. Listen to their pathetic voice and save them! 

SAMPLE - CLASS 12TH
(Increase Word Limits)

ANIMALS’ CRY FOR HELP

    -by Nisha Tiwari

Man is perhaps the only animal who ill-treats and even kills other animals for his pleasure.

He destroys their natural habitats and ruthlessly kills animals for their skins, bones, and meat, although he is not a meat-eater by nature and holds life sacred.
 
Did you know that counts of animals and birds have been killed , mutilated or decapitated in the name of scientific experiments, testing and research? Rats, birds, and monkeys are not only kept in cramped and overcrowded cages but also subjected to ruthless treatment in the cold-blooded way in Laboratories the poor silent souls cannot even express the pain and suffering they are subjected to.
 
Most of them die a premature, painful, and unnatural death. Circuses, roadshows, cattle, and bird markets are also traps for these helpless creatures. Monkeys bears and parrots are ill-treated by Circus people and roadside showmen to make money by showing their tricks, bulls horses, mules, camels, and donkeys are made a carry heavy loads.
 
Children can play an important role in stopping this cruelty to animals. They must join hands to create awareness for ethical and human treatment.  They can join protests and rallies against animal testing and launch signature campaigns for the firm. Also, they must buy animals product or products which have been tested on animals. They should adopt animals as pets and support animals and environment conversation programs.  
 
Oh, Children of the world,! Animals, and birds are crying for your help.  They cannot survive without your support. Listen to their pathetic voice and save them! 

MODAL QUIZ: GRAMMAR QUIZ: QUIZ ON CAN COULD MAY MIGHT SHOULD MUST OUGHT TO

MODAL AUXILIARY INTRODUCTION

CAN vs COULD

Modal is a word derived from a Latin word means

Correct! Wrong!

Modal auxiliary verbs show

Correct! Wrong!

There are basically ____ kinds of verbs

Correct! Wrong!

The other name of the helping verb is

Correct! Wrong!

To be, to have, to do -are parts of

Correct! Wrong!

Semi Auxiliary is a part of ______ verbs

Correct! Wrong!

Need, Dare and Use to are parts of

Correct! Wrong!

After Modal Auxilary Verbs , We use

Correct! Wrong!

Which is the correct sentence ?

Correct! Wrong!

Modal Auxiliary always takes

Correct! Wrong!

Tap the correct sentences

Correct! Wrong!

There are ____kinds of Semi-modals

Correct! Wrong!

1. Akshat____swim fast when he lived in Haridwar.

Correct! Wrong!

2. Just wait . I ____ finish my work within the given time limit.

Correct! Wrong!

3. ______ you please provide me 100 rs change,sir ?I had to leave for the station in a hurry.

Correct! Wrong!

4. ____ you shift a little please, my dear friend ?

Correct! Wrong!

5. I am afraid, I ______ play anymore. I am a lot of tired.

Correct! Wrong!

6. Why didn’t you participate ? You ______ won the race.

Correct! Wrong!

7. I went to every drugstore, but I ______ the medicine.

Correct! Wrong!

8. Oh, great ! You have cooked the complete dinner. ____ I help you to make chapatis ?

Correct! Wrong!

9. If I had listened to my teachers, I ______ led a happy life today.

Correct! Wrong!

10. I ______ solve this problem very easily.

Correct! Wrong!

MAY vs MIGHT

SHOULD MUST OUGHT TO

____ you always be happy !

Correct! Wrong!

_______ I use your phone please? It’s urgent ,I have forgotten mine at home.

Correct! Wrong!

Arpita reported that she ______ not join the party .

Correct! Wrong!

It ____ be very expensive, but it’s much better than the others.

Correct! Wrong!

Ankit tells Richa that she ____ be late today.

Correct! Wrong!

I was just wondering whether you ____ be able to help me.

Correct! Wrong!

Might shows:-

Correct! Wrong!

He has broken his leg. He _____ win the race.

Correct! Wrong!

He is suffering from high fever. He _____ take the exam today. Still we must wait for him sometime before catching the bus.

Correct! Wrong!

The farmer is working hard on his field so that he _______ have a good crop this year.

Correct! Wrong!

MAY vs MIGHT
Your Score

Share your Results:

What ____I do now?

Correct! Wrong!

______ we not listen to our elders ?

Correct! Wrong!

The preachers _______ follow the spiritual path first then preach others.

Correct! Wrong!

_______ it gets dark, I shall return in the morning.

Correct! Wrong!

Life is changing every moment . We_______ keep ourselves always up to date.

Correct! Wrong!

We ______ not go against our parents.

Correct! Wrong!

Paint carefully lest you ______spoils all your work.

Correct! Wrong!

Sneha asked me if I ______go with her for searching for her lost watch.

Correct! Wrong!

Ananya ___never tell lies.

Correct! Wrong!

_______ we follow his pieces of advise ?

Correct! Wrong!

We ____always respect out National emblems.

Correct! Wrong!

They are looking towards us consistently. They _____ be curios what we are doing.

Correct! Wrong!

You _______not leave the tap open. It is just wastage of water.

Correct! Wrong!

_____ I leave now ?

Correct! Wrong!

He has worked very hard. He ______ win this trophy this year.

Correct! Wrong!

FORMAL LETTER / COMPLAIN LETTER: EDITORIAL LETTER WITH SAMPLE AND EXAMPLES

FORMAL LETTER

FORMAL LETTER

Following are the categories under which a  Formal Letter falls:- 

  • to our communication on the official level
  • to government officials
  • business houses
  • customers
  • editors

That is why the tone of such kinds of letters must always be formal precise and to the point.  As the term itself indicates – a formal letter is written in a formal style i.e. the language and tone of the letter must be formal, impersonal, objective but pleasant. Therefore no formal expressions greetings or contracted forms of words are used. The language must be straightforward and to the point. It may be strongly worded but never impolite.

Informal Letters, we write only to our relatives or dearest one so there are
not many divisions of such kinds of letters while a Formal Letter – is divided in again different parts. So formal letter is again classified in
different parts –

  1. Editorial Letter
  2. Complain Letter
  3. Business letters
  4. Job application
    These four parts are again classified into different parts that I’ll explain to you
    when explaining the formats of all these kinds of letters. 

Format of a Formal Letter/Complain Letter

Sender’s Address

__________________

__________________

 

Date: ( American/British Format)

           American: July 15, 2021

           British: 15th July 2021

 

Designation

Area Name/Street Name

City Name

 

Salutation

Subject: _______________

 

 

 

Body

of

letter

 

Thanking You

 

Yours Sincerely

Name

(Designation if needed) 

Chanakya Group of Institution

42 Kasturba Marg

New Delhi

 

15th July 2021

 

 

The Police Commissioner

Rohtak Road

Bareilly

 

Sir/Ma’am

 

Subject: in a line

 

Opening

Discuss the issue

Tell the solutions

Closing

 

Thanking you

 

Yours sincerely

XYZ

(Secretary)

SAMPLE FORMAL LETTER

COMPLAIN LETTER - 1

Question
A leading news channel recently gave live coverage of some young slum dwellers being beaten up mercilessly by the police for a crime not committed by them. Such atrocities shake the faith of people. Write a letter to the Commissioner of Police urging him to adopt effective measures to cope with such brutality against innocent people. You are Niti or Nitesh, a resident of  7/11 Refinery Road, Guwahati.
 
 

7/11 Refinery Road

Guwahati 
 
15th March 2021
 
The Police Commissioner
Police Head Quarters 
Guwahati
 
Sir 
 
Subject: request for curbing police brutality against innocent people
 
I would like to draw your attention to the media coverage by all the leading news channels of the country, of the incident of police action against some young slum dwellers of Yamuna.
 
NDTV for example in its “News at 9”  program showed a posse of drunk policemen wreaking havoc in the slum dragging three young men by their hair and beating them with sticks and belts just because they had refused to pay the hafta. The three sustained serious head and rib cage injuries and were admitted to Sir Ganga Ram Hospital.
 
Sir, why it is that the police which are meant for the safety and security of the public get into the news for all the wrong reasons? When will your department learn to be human?  When will it learn to serve the public instead of intermediate in it?
 
Through this letter, I urge you to personally look into the incident and take effective steps to curb police brutality against the Innocent poor.
 
Hoping for an appropriate and prompt action.
 
Yours truly
Niti
 

COMPLAIN LETTER -2

Question
As a President of the Residents’ Welfare Association of your area,  write a letter to the Member of Parliament of your constituency ( Mr. Girdharlal) complaining about the excess flow of traffic outside the school gate of GL and Public School give constructive suggestions. You are Raj Singh Dalmia/ Ritu Singh Dalmia. 
 
 
B_16 Kirti Nagar
Yamuna Nagar 
 
March 15, 2021
 
Shri Girdhar Lal 
Member of Parliament ( Rajya Sabha)
10 The Mall
Delhi 
 
Sir
 
Subject:  complaining against the excess flow of traffic outside of school gate
 
I would like to introduce myself as the President of the Residents’ Welfare Association of Kirti Nagar and I wish to draw your kind attention to the problem created by the excessive flow of traffic outside the GL and Public School Gate. 
 
 The Rock created by fast-moving trucks, buses, scooters, bikes, auto-rickshaw, and their homes is playing havoc with the academic environment of the school. It distracts and disturbs the students and teachers making studies impossible. The SSP of the district has been approached by the principal many a time in this connection but nothing has been done so far day by day the problem is worsening.
 
May I, therefore, on behalf of all the residents of the area request you to take a personal interest in the matter and convert the area around the school into a no-horn zone. The road outside the school building should be closed for heavy vehicles at least during school hours . These vehicles can be easily diverted to the adjoining road.
 
I hope you will use your good offices with the Transport Authority and the police to take effective measures in this regard.
 
Thanking you 
 
Yours faithfully 
Raj Singh Dalmia 
President, RWA
 
 

EDITORIAL LETTER FORMAT

Sender’s Address

__________________

__________________

 

Date: ( American/British Format)

 

Designation

Newspaper Name

City Name

 

Salutation

 

Subject: _______________

 

 

 

Body

 

of

 

letter

 

  

Thanking You

 

Yours Sincerely

Name

(Designation if needed) 

Chanakya Group of Institution

42 Kasturba Marg

New Delhi

15th July 2021

The Editor

The Hindustan Times

New Delhi

Sir/Ma’am

Subject: in a line

Opening

Discuss the issue

Tell the solutions

Closing

Thanking you

Yours sincerely

xyz

(Secretary)

SAMPLE OF AN EDITORIAL LETTER

Question

Terrorism is no more than  a local  global issue. It is a global concern now. Write a letter to the Times of India voicing your concern and views on the issue which needs immediate redressal. You are Tarun / Taruni ,88 Block Road , Jaipur , Rajasthan.a

88 Block Road

Jaipur, Rajasthan

 

17th December  2020

The Editor

The Times of India

New Delhi

Sir

Subject: Against the Prevailing Violence

Through the column of your newspaper, I wish to draw the attention of the government and the general public to the ever-increasing menace of terrorism.

 

The world today is in the grip of terror more than ever before. Terrorism, whatever is its brand and ideology, leaves a trail of death and destruction behind.The long persistent problem of Kashmir, the communal terrorism in India, Mumbai attacks threat of Indo Pak Nuclear War and some more horrible conflicts than the common man can take in.  

 

I would be obliged to you if you publish my letter in your esteemed newspaper so that the general public might be alert and try to join hands together to resolve this problem and the government might also take tight steps to solve this problem.

Thanking you

 

Yours truly

Tarun/Taruni

 

CLEFT SENTENCE: KINDS OF A CLEFT SENTENCE: IT CLEFT: WH CLEFT: CLEFT PART OF A COMPLEX SENTENCE

CLEFT SENTENCE

READ THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES CAREFULLY:

  • It is my ice cream that you are enjoying.
  • What I need right now to have a cup of coffee.
  • It isn’t the color I was looking for.

These are the sentences that we often find in our day to day conversation. They are useful not only in Informal English but also in Formal English. But only a few know and understand the formation of the CLEFT SENTENCES. 

So what is the exact formation of such kinds of sentences? I am going to explain you here.

MEANING OF the word CLEFT
The meaning of the word cleft is –TO DIVIDE
so before proceeding ahead let’s have an idea of cleft sentences.

  • It is my watch that has been broken.
  • What they like for breakfast to have bread and butter.
  • That was Ankita who arrived first.
  • All I need to do right now to have a cup.

DEFINITION OF A CLEFT SENTENCE

So as it is clear with the world CLEFT

the meaning of which is to -divide
the definition also goes like this –

“A sentence parted in two different clauses
connecting the old information with the
new one emphasizing or focusing the new
information is called a cleft sentence.”

BASIC FEATURES OF A CLEFT SENTENCE

  1. 1. A cleft sentence is a complex sentence itself.
  2. It is divided into two parts.
  3. Every part has its own separate verb.
  4. It connects the old information with a new one.
  5. It focuses basically on the new information.

EXAMPLES

Nisha was absent yesterday.
No, It was Disha who was absent yesterday.

Be Attentive!

New information- It was Disha
Old Information- It was Nisha…

This means, there was someone absent yesterday. but Who was that? There was some confusion in the name. Who was that? That was Disha. So the old information was corrected with the new information, on which we focused or emphasized.

KINDS OF CLEFT SENTENCES

kinds of cleft sentences 

Now, there are two kinds of Cleft Sentences-

  • It cleft
  • Wh Cleft

IT CLEFT

In IT CLEFT, the focus is given on
the first Clause or the primary clause only.

Thus we can say , the clause that has IT

as a subject, is called It cleft because it focuses on the given clause that has IT 

as a subject.

Example

  • Was Kirtika’s dog lost?
  • No, IT WAS MY DOG that was lost.

It was my dog- NEW INFORMATION
that was lost- OLD INFORMATION.

 THE FORMATION OF IT CLEFT

IT+ BE+ OBJECT(emphasized word/phrase)+that/who clause

Example:

  • Divyam has secured the highest percentage in his class.
    No, It’s Shivam who has secured the highest percentage in the class.

So because we have given stress on the main noun who is the real achiever, we added him in the first clause that is the It-clause.

(It was Shivam) ( New information)

  • Anjani reads Shruti’s diary.
    No,It was Rishali’s diary that 

         was read by Anjani.

(Rishali’s diary )(new information)

REPLACEMENT OF IT
Sometimes we use other Demonstrative Pronouns also to replace IT.

Example

  • Those are the trees that have been cut down by someone yesterday.
  • That was the ice cream flavour that I wanted to taste.
  • These are the notes I was searching for.

 

WH CLEFT/ PSEUDO CLEFT

WH cleft is called pseudo cleft also. In WH-cleft the focus is given on the second part or the secondary clause.
Example-

  • What can I do for you?
    What you can do for me is

         to help me in completing my project.

The formation of a WH cleft sentence
WH-ClAUSE + BE+ emphasized word or phrase

Example –

  • What do you need right now?
    What I need is just to have an ice cream
    right now.

‘just to have ice cream’- New Information

‘What I need’ – Old information
REPLACEMENT OF WH-CLEFT

sometimes we can replace WH with –

#All
#The first thing
#The one thing

Examples-

  • The first thing I noticed in the morning
    was a beautiful flower blooming in my garden.
  • The one thing I want right now to be alone.
  • All you need is to have a rest for some time.

REVERSING WH CLEFT

We can use WH cleft clause

in reverse order also

Example

  • The new mobile is what I really need now.
  • Venice is the place where I really wish to
    visit once in my lifetime.

CLEFT WITH MODAL AUXILIARY

we can use modal auxiliary verbs also in
cleft sentences.

Example

  • It may be my fault that the rose plant in my garden died soon.
  • What I need now might be some snacks.
  • What you can do for me is just accompany me by the crossing.
  • IT could my illusion that you visited at the nearest mall yesterday.

THANK YOU!
HAPPY LEARNING!

EXERCISES

1______  would do is clear my point first.

a.That I said
b.What I s
c.It is what
d.What said

Ans: What I
2______ liked about him was his generous 

  behaviour.

a.What I
b.That I
c.What
d.It’s what I

Ans: What I
3______ everything started to fall apart.

a.It was 2020 when
b.2020 it was
c.2020 was where
d.Was 2020 when

Ans: It was 2020 when

4.Akshat was ______ came up with the original idea.

a.the person who
b.that
c.who
d.the person

Ans: the person who
5______ is to keep themselves safe from any upcoming danger.

a.The reason why they did it
b.How they did it
c.Because they did it
d.It’s why they did it

Ans: The reason why they did it

Tell the new and old information in the following Cleft sentences.

1 It was John who stole your watch.
No, It was Niyus who stole my watch.

Old information: ________
New Information: _________

2 What do you desire from your life?
All that I desire from my life is to enjoy a peaceful life.

3 That one thing you need right now is to meet your best friend.
No, It is y family that I need to meet right now.

Old information: ________
New Information: _________

4 It may be my fault that I met him.
No, It is the fault of start that you met him.
Old information: ________
New Information: _________

5 Those are the books that I was searching for.
No, These are the books that I was searching for.
Old information: ________
New Information: _________

6 What would you like to have for dinner.

Rice and Curry is the one thing I would like to have FOR dinner.

Old information: ________
New Information: _________

 

KEEP ON PRACTICING!

 

ARTICLES: EXERCISES OF ARTICLES A, AN AND THE: CORRECT USES OF A AN THE

Exercise: Correct uses of Determiners

I. Fill in the blanks with the correct usage of Indefinite Article( a or an):-

a. Edison was ____intelligent scientist.

b. He works in ___insurance company.

c. ______ Industrious man is praised by everyone.

d. Ravi gave me ___useful book.

e. India is ___ hot country.

f. ____ apple ____ keeps a doctor away.

g. The train is running at eighty-kilometer ___hour.

h. Have you seen ____ white elephant?

g. _____ airplane made ___ loud noise.

h. Have you seen ____ white elephant?

i. This was ____ ultimate decision. 

j. Don’t make hurry.

Answer: 

a. an, b. an

c. an, d. a

e. a,   f. an, a

g. an,   h. a 

i. an,  j. a 

II. Rewrite the following sentences with the correct uses of ARTICLES:

a. Rich are not always kind.

b. Boys made loud noise.

c. Fox is clever animal.

d. Everyone respects honest man.

e. I have black umbrella.

f.  There is hospital in my village.

g. Cow is a useful animal.

h.  The Delhi is big city.

i.  Peacock dances gracefully.

Answers:

a.The rich are not always kind.

b. The boys made a loud noise.

c. The fox is a clever animal.

d. Everyone respects an honest man.

e. I have a black umbrella.

f. There is a hospital in my village. 

g. The cow is a useful animal.

h. Delhi is a big city. 

i. The peacock dances gracefully. 

 

 

 

III. Write RIGHT or WRONG. 

a. The Kanpur is an industrious city.

b. Silver is a useful metal.

c. I go to the office daily at 7 am.

d. I’ll meet you in library. 

e. The Darkest cloud has silver linings. 

f. Both boys are naughty . ( )

g. The Sharmas have gone on a tour. () 

h. See at the last page of

     my book.(  )

I. The English is very easy to understand. ( )

Answer:

a. wrong

b. right

c. wrong

d. wrong

e. right

f. wrong

g. right

h. right

I. wrong 

WAIT FOR MORE EXERCISES

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