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CORONAVIRUS COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS- NEW COVID 19 VOCABULARY WORDS OF 2020 ADDED IN OXFORD DICTIONARY

COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS

With all the ups and downs in our lives and making our lives hell, COVID 19  has gifted OXFORD DICTIONARY some new words. You will find here some words resembling the old words and at the same time, you will notice some words never used before. After the meanings of the words, I have added here one quiz also so that you could learn the meanings of the words more properly.

Following are the words that have been added in the Oxford Dictionary-

  1. QUARANTINI

       – a cocktail typically drunk during  the self-isolation

         ex – Payal was advised to keep on     

               having QUARANTINI  to recover 

               herself soon from this 

              killing disease.

 

  1. COVIDIOT 

       – someone who ignores health

         advice about COVID 19

        ex-  Arun never wears a mask 

         while leaving his home. He is

         really a COVIDIOT.

 

  1. ZUMP 

    – be dumped via zoom during 

      quarantine/ be careless while 

       having  online classes.

     ex- Most of the students used 

     ZUMP during online classes.

 

  1. SPENDEMIC

    – a tendency of doing over online 

      shopping during lockdown

      ex. The virus of ‘being spendemic’ 

      entered into our homes more fastly than         the virus of COVID 19. 

 

  1. SOCIAL BUBBLES

      -the practice of having a safe 

       distance in order to prevent to 

       spread of the disease

 

      ex- Dear students, try to be 

      social bubbles in your classrooms 

      in order to prevent yourselves 

     from the attack of a new virus.

QUIZ : CHECK HOW MUCH YOU HAVE LEARNT

A cocktail typically drunk during the self-isolation

Correct! Wrong!

A tendency of doing over online shopping during lockdown

Correct! Wrong!

The practice of having a safe distance in order to prevent to spread the disease

Correct! Wrong!

Be dumped via zoom during quarantine/ be careless while having online classes. Most of the students used to ZUMP during online classes.

Correct! Wrong!

Someone who ignores health advice about COVID 19

Correct! Wrong!

COVID INSPIRED WORDS
YOUR SCORE

Share your Results:

Which word/words did you like the most,please mention in the comment box below-

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REPORTED SPEECH RULES: NARRATION: INDIRECT SPEECH (Part1): Introduction: What is a Reported Speech / Narration?

DEFINITION

Reported Speech is a formation of a sentence that we tell to someone, i.e.to the second person.

Thus based on a conversation, the words of the speaker can be formed in two ways:-

DIRECT

INDIRECT

LEARN WITH VIDEO

Thus two kinds of speeches came into existence

Direct Speech:

The teacher said to the monitor, “ I will be on a leave tomorrow. So collect the notebooks from all the students today only for correction.”

(When the speaker is directly saying something to the listener or when we are repeating the words of the speaker to the third person, is called Direct Speech.)

Indirect Speech:

The teacher told the monitor that she would be on a leave the next day and ordered her to collect all the notebooks from the students that day only.

( Thus when the listener is repeating the words of the speaker to the third person in roundabout a manner ,is called Indirect Speech. )

Parts of Direct Speech:-

Now comes the formation of a Direct Speech-

 There are two parts of a Direct Speech: –

  • Reporting Verb
  • Reported Speech

Ankit said to Ankita , “ Ridhima reads very well.”

(Reporting Verb)     (Reported Speech )

The part or clause that comes outside of the inverted commas ,is called Reporting Verb. The part that is locked inside the inverted commas, is called Reported Speech.

*Remember

The position of the Reporting verb & Reported Speech can be anywhere in the sentence :-

eg.   Ankit said to Ankita , “ Ridhima is a very nice girl.”

“Ridhima” said Ankit to Ankita, “ is a very nice girl.”

“ Ridhima is a very nice girl.” Ankit said to Ankita .

All the lines in green are Reporting verbs. That makes clear that it is not mandatory to have a reporting verb at the beginning of the sentence. Its position can be shifted according to the style of writing.

How to recognize a Direct and an Indirect Sentence :-

How to Recognize a Direct Speech:-

  • The reported sentence is locked in the inverted commas.
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
  • After Reporting Verb, we put a comma. 
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
  • The first letter of reported speech that is locked inside the inverted commas ,is  written in  capital letters.
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
How to Recognize an Indirect Speech:-
  • The reported sentence is unlocked from the inverted commas.
    • Ritika said that she was her best friend.
  • Commas are replaced with the conjunctions i.e. ( that/if /whether )according to the expression of the sentences. 
    • Ritika said that she was her best friend.

Common  Rules of changing a Direct Speech into Indirect Speech:-

  • Inverted commas are removed in Reported speech
  • Commas are replaced with conjunctions i.e. ( that/if /whether ) as per the expression of the sentences.
  • Never change the Tense of a Reporting Verb. Only the Tense of Reported Speech is changed if Reported Verb is Past Tense.

eg.

Direct : Namita says to Nisha , “Mishti likes to play chess”

Indirect: Namita tells Nisha that Mishti likes to play chess. •

Direct: Danish said to Salman , “ I Visited Delhi last Monday”

Indirect : Danish told Salman that he had visited Delhi the previous Monday.

General rules of changing a Direct Speech into Indirect Speech:-

I. Common Changes – applied in the complete Indirect Speech

II . Expression Changes – varies according to the different expressions

i.e. Kinds of sentences

They are again sub divided in the following parts-

I . Common Changes – applied in the complete Indirect Speech

a.Change of Tense

b. Change of Pronoun

c. Change of Time and place •

Read and understand the following sentences and the chart before going further in the detailed study of Change of Tense , Pronoun or Time and Space-

How to change Say / said of Reporting Verb according to different kinds

of sentences :-

Sentence Reporting Verb     Reported Speech Connector
Assertive   Say 
Says
Say to
Says to
Said
Said to
Told 
  say
says
tell
tells
said to
told
( reports / reported) 
    that
Interrogative Say /Says / Say to/ Says to / Said/Said to   Told      asked/ enquired of     If / whether
Imperative Request   Order     Advice    requested ordered /commanded advised       Connector {to}  
  Proposal   Making proposal  proposed to / suggested to   
                   Exclamatory Sorrow   Happiness Surprise Exclaimed with sorrow   Exclaimed with joy/happiness   Exclaimed with surprise   that  
 Optative Wish Curse wished/blessed cursed     that (In some cases without connectors)
HOW TO CHANGE SAY /SAID

Examples:

Direct

Ankita says, ” Harsh is my brother.

Shikha says to Nisha, ” Ridhima studies with me. “

Akhil said , “ I can not come to meet you here tomorrow.”

Namita said to me , ” Anubhav has been working hard since last night.”

Nitin said me , ” Will you also go to Goa?”

Rishika said to me , ” Do you have my book?”

Dinesh said to Mayank, ” Return me my bike.”

Simran said to me , ” Please, help me in completing my project.”

Siya said me , ” Have a deep sleep for 6 hours a day.

Babita said to me,” Let’s play tennis.”

Akriti said to Divyani , ” Let’s participate in the quiz. “

Gargi said, “Hurrah ! I have won a trophy.”

Shivani said to me ,” Alas! I have met with an accident.”

Aditi said , ” What a beautiful flower it is !”

Garvit said, “May God bless you !”

Vikram said to his friends , ” May you go to hell !”

Indirect

Ankita tells that Harsh is her brother.

Akhil told Nitesh that he could not go to meet him there the next day.

Shikha tells Nisha that Ridhima studies with her.

Akhil said that he could not meet him there the previous day.

Namita told me that Anubhav had been working hard since last night.

Nitin asked me if I would also go to Goa.

Rishika enquired of me if I had her book.

Dinesh ordered Mayank to return his bike.

Simran requested me to help her in competing her project.

Siya adviced me to have a deep sleep for 6 hours a day.

Babita proposed to me that we should play tennis.

Akriti suggested to Divyani that we must participate in the quiz.

Gargi exclaimed with joy that she had won a trophy.

Shivani exclaimed me with sorrow that she had met with an accident.

Aditi exclaimed with surprise that it was a beautiful flower.

Garvit wished that God might bless me.

Vikram cursed his friend that he might go to hell.

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Words before you start !

Welcome Learners !

Greetings!

I’m Meena Bilandani, M.A. (English)+Bachelor of Education, pursuing my passion of teaching for more than 15 years. I spend most of my time with my students and with my never-ending learning over here world’s most

spiritual land INDIA..

MEENA KUMARI

Let’s begin a new journey!

Grammar learning is not an easy task. It is a tough row to hoe. A lot of practice with constant learning then assimilating within is really a constant journey in itself that needs immense patience to carry on. Speaking and writing any language within a proper framing in a restricted structure, is really an art.

“ Grammar in spoken English is not needed ”, is only a prevalent myth. Yes, for beginners just to encourage them we say not to stick with a heavy set of burden and keep on speaking, especially when the speaker belongs to a regional medium or residing completely in a native environment. But they need not learn grammar, is completely be fooling themselves.

It is exactly like shooting an arrow without a bow. Yes, you can hit an arrow perfectly sometimes, but for a perfect pace ,you need a bow. Yes, of course, if you are growing up under a completely English environment or studying in a school where the native language is strictly restricted to speak,. They learn naturally the things and subconsciously, they use to speak a sentence in a correct framing naturally as they have been provided an environment under which they understand grammatically the sentence is correct .


With my own experience of teaching almost all kinds of board students, I have found, students from completely native background, most of the times pass through the verb mistakes which leave often very awkward situation if they have not studied tenses properly. While students of completely English Medium background pass through part of speech errors which can be actually, not always but often negligible.


So, speaking English in an incorrect framing of tense leaves more awkward situation than misuses of other parts of speeches.

Yes, students from English Medium often argue that they have learned English without learning Tenses, they are actually true but they are unaware of the fact that they have learnt tenses automatically with a practical environment still they are not much confident with their grammar which may lead them in problem in future competitive examinations.
And students from native background sometimes try to give examples of such students without understanding the fact that they have got a practical environment.

So as far as I could understand with my own lifelong experience, they can learn English at the first step with the translation method only, then gradually they can acquire constant understanding by continuous writing and having a practical approach. So native speakers, please don’t leave excuses, for learning English there is no need of learning Tense.

Yes, at the beginning level, you must not hesitate, you must try to speak but that doesn’t mean you need not learn and understand grammar. If you are learning grammar with learning Spoken English, it’s all like honey on your sugar cube. You must go parallel if you wish to enhance your writing skill also. But all four skills , whether it’s reading or writing,speaking or listening , everything is needed for comprehending any language.

So for such kinds of learners . ultimately, I am presenting here my Grammar lessons with videos and notes accompanied with exercises. I am presenting here my life long learning of Grammar which could be very helpful for my students in learning the English Language not only in enhancing speaking skills but writing skills as well.

Hope you’ll like all the lessons prepared by me by my hard efforts, and try to leave your precious suggestions.

Thank You !

Happy Learning !

 

Topics to be covered:-

  • The complete explanation of each Grammar topic
  • Video Lectures
  • Exercises for practice after each topic
  • Quizzes

 

NOVEMBER TERM 1 EXAM ENGLISH: CLASS 10TH

ONLINE TEST NELSON MANDELA

HYPOTHETICAL SENTENCES: ( PLACEMENT OF VERB )PRACTICE EXERCISE)

  1. If Lucy was my friend, I would never let her feel down.
  2. Oh that! Ankita is been my friend.
  3. I wish that I have a real pearl.
  4. If you was at my place, you would have killed him. 
  5. If the road to success is so easy, everyone in the world would be a millionaire. 
  6. had I have that beautiful butterfly in my little garden, I would never let it go. 
  7. He talks as if he was the prince of anywhere.
  8. If Nidhi and Sunidhi were your friends, you would never think any ill against them. 
  9. Oh that! I were your angel. 

Answer:-

  1. Lucy had been
  2. Ankita had been
  3. I had 
  4. If you had been 
  5. ..success were
  6. Had I had
  7. ..he were the prince
  8. ..you would never think
  9. ..I were

MANY,MANY A , MORE THAN ( Correct Placement of Verb)

Read all the sentences carefully and solve

the exercise with correct placement of the verb:-

  1. More than one plant were planted by me. 
  2. Many a parrot were set free from the cage by the riverside. 
  3. Many parrots was set free from the cage on the shore.  
  4. More than one bird was chirping on the branch of the banyan tree. 
  5. More birds than one was chirping on the branch of the banyan tree.
  6. Many a flowers bloom and die on the same day but leaves for us a number of teachings.
  7. Many a pen and pencil was gifted to me on Teachers’ Day by my students. 
  8. Many teaching is understood by us when we leave our schools.
  9. More than one exercise was solved by me today.
  10. More exercises than one were solved by me today.
  11.  Many statues enthrals us with their artistic beauty.
MANY, MANY A MORE THAN,

Answer:-

  1. one plant was
  2. Many a parrot was
  3. Many parrots were
  4. More than one bird was
  5. More birds than one were
  6. … flower blooms and dies 
  7. …. a pen and pencils were
  8. Many teachings are
  9. Correct
  10. Correct
  11. enthral 

EACH, EVERY, ALL, BOTH ( PLACEMENT OF VERB)

Correct the Sentences with the correct placement of Verbs:-

  1. 1. Everyone wish to be rich.
  2. 2. Who does not wants to be rich.
  3. 3. Each parrot and bird sitting on the tree are waiting on the tree for the rain to stop.
  4. 4. Both of the dishes was yummy.
  5. 5. All the girls is looking happy today.
  6. 6. All are up to you now.
  7. 7. You everyone is responsible for spoiling my painting.
  8. 8. Each of you are appointed for accomplishing this task.
  9. 9. Each and Every joke were amusing.

1. wishes

2. does not want

3. is waiting

4. are yummy

5. are looking

6. is up to you

7. are responsible

8. is appointed

9. joke was

HYPOTHETICAL SENTENCES: ( PLACEMENT OF VERB )PRACTICE EXERCISE

  1. If Lucy was my friend, I would never let her feel down.
  2. Oh that! Ankita is been my friend.
  3. I wish that I have a real pearl.
  4. If you was at my place, you would have killed him. 
  5. If the road to success is so easy, everyone in the world would be a millionaire. 
  6. had I have that beautiful butterfly in my little garden, I would never let it go. 
  7. He talks as if he was the prince of anywhere.
  8. If Nidhi and Sunidhi were your friends, you would never think any ill against them. 
  9. Oh that! I were your angel. 

Answer:-

  1. Lucy had been
  2. Ankita had been
  3. I had 
  4. If you had been 
  5. ..success were
  6. Had I had
  7. ..he were the prince
  8. ..you would never think
  9. ..I were

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY 10 (BRAIN DRAIN )

  • Read all the questions attentively
  • Fill in your contact form before beginning
  • Keep on checking your time limit
  • Try to set your own time limit goal
  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
  • Welcome for positive reviews and Suggegestions
  • ALL THE BEST
  1. Brain drain means fleeing of talents especially in the field of science and technology from their native land to other countries. This problem is not peculiar to India, even highly advanced countries like Britain and Russia have been losing their scientists to the U.S.A. But for India, it is one-way traffic. We lose scientists in the process get impoverished. Thus, it is a very serious problem in India.

2. It is said that some of the most brilliant people are unable to get suitable jobs in India. In such circumstances, they migrate to other countries in search of better prospects or material comfort. If the government of own country might provide them all the facilities with all the financial support, they won’t ever move to other countries. Because these brains need continuous nourishment, replenishment and advancement.

3. The brain drain leaves an adverse effect on the national economy. Their services can be utilized for the development of the country. But sometimes in a developing country, their talents cannot be put to proper use due to one reason or the other. It is difficult for such a country to provide sufficient funds for research work where there are still basic needs to be fulfilled and a lot of poor people lack basic food meals.

4. Therefore, it becomes the moral duty of these brains to be patriotic. They should do their best for their motherland even in the most adverse circumstances. They should realise the importance of their motherland, that it is the only place where they can reach a maximum height of glory with the immense love of their own people and recognition and also patronage.

5. At present, the country is not in a position to offer them better amenities and to utilize their services. But tomorrow this will not be the case. In an economically and industrially advanced country, new brains will crop up who may not like to desert their motherland as they can only get true satisfaction and love in the country itself that every individual searches for. (by Vilayanti Ram)

Welcome to your COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY 10 ( Brain Drain )

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: DAY 9 ( COMPREHENSION)

  • Read all the questions attentively
  • Fill in your contact form before beginning
  • Keep on checking your time limit
  • Try to set your own time limit goal
  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
  • Welcome for positive reviews and Suggegestions
  • ALL THE BEST

1. If there were only one aspect of language that students could study (or that educators could teach), it would invariably be reading comprehension. Beloved reading comprehension, a friend to nearly every teacher of language. But what makes it so special? Why is it so revered by both students and teachers alike? To answer these questions, it helps to know just what reading comprehension is. Reading comprehension is defined as the level of understanding of a text. This understanding comes from the interaction between the words that are written and how they trigger knowledge outside the text.

2. Humans are thought to have a set reserve, an established threshold for attention and absorption of information commonly referred to as processing capacity. This being the case, it is generally believed that proficient reading depends on the ability to recognize words quickly and effortlessly. If word recognition is difficult, students use too much of their processing capacity to read individual words, which interferes with their ability to comprehend what is read. Many educators in the United States believe that students need to learn to analyze text (comprehend it) even before they can read it on their own, and comprehension instruction generally begins in pre-Kindergarten or Kindergarten.

3.  But other US educators consider this reading approach to be completely backward for very young children, arguing that the children must learn how to decode the words in a story through phonics before they can analyze the story itself. The reason why reading comprehension is such an effective learning tool is that, like art, it teaches students to manipulate particulars in an attempt to represent the universal. When a student reads a text, he or she is forced to absorb a lot of particular facts concerning an infinitude of seemingly random subjects (volcanoes, molecules, skateboarding, etc.) and assimilate them into the bigger picture, establishing just how they fit in or relate, to the broader world. Mathematics, the diametrical opposite of art, challenges students in an inverse way; it teaches them to manipulate universals in order to represent the particular. No matter what the number “3” may come to stand for – volcanoes or molecules or skateboards – the student will be able to manipulate these things given his or her understanding of math.

4. Based on this understanding, one might actually say that reading comprehension shares a unique association with art and math, each providing a way of understanding the world from a fundamental, yet polar, perspective.

Welcome to your COMPREHENSION PASSAGE Day-9( Reading 2)

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: DAY 8 (MANGO)

  • Read all the questions attentively
  • Fill in your contact form before beginning
  • Keep on checking your time limit
  • Try to set your own time limit goal
  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
  • Welcome for positive reviews and Suggegestions
  • ALL THE BEST
  1. Of the few joys and bounties that the Indian summer has to offer, mangoes must surely rate as the best. Cultivated for over 4,000 years in many parts of India, the fruit was, as the legend goes, a divine gift from Lord Shiva to his consort, Parvati. The Atharva Veda recommends it  because of its many health-giving properties. Even Charak describes it as a fruit that provides sustenance to the various dhatus (elements) – blood, flesh, fat, food, juices, bone marrow and semen present in the human body. Interestingly, mangoes have a considerable amount of food value, irrespective of whether you eat them when they are green and young or ripe and sweet.
  2. The unripe mango, better known as ambi in the plains of the North, is rich in starch. It owes its tangy flavour to the presence of malic, succinic, citric and oxalic acids. It is rich in Vitamin C, and also contains Vitamins B1, B2, and B6 which vary in concentration, depending on the stage of its maturity and the variety of the fruit. The fruit not only satiates the taste buds, but the ras and panna also boost us nutritionally.
  3. The ripe mango is even more wholesome and nourishing than the green one. It is rich in glucose, sucrose and maltose sugars formed from the converted starch of the ambi. A fully ripe mango  weighing 400 GM’s provides the body with over 250 calories. It is a rich source of Vitamin A, which is vital for the eyes and the inner linings of the body passage, and contains a fare amount of Vitamin C and Vitamin B1, B2, and B6 which play a crucial role in body metabolism. In addition, it is rich in minerals, calcium, phosphorus and iron.
  4. It is myth that mangoes are rich in cholesterol. Actually, none of the food of plant origin carry any cholesterol in them; only food of animal origin do. Yet, it is always good to remember that even if you are a vegetarian, your cholesterol levels, particularly the triglycerides, can increase if you succumb to dietary excesses and take more calories than your body needs. All that is in excess gets converted to unhealthy fat.
  5. My grandmother used to say that if you eat too many mangoes, your skin would erupt with boils. To be honest, mango hardly deserves the blame. It is just a coincidence that the mango season falls at the time when skin infections are rather common. Blame the hot and humid environmental conditions for your woes, not mangoes.
  6. Mangoes can be savoured by all exceptt the diabetic and the pot-bellied. Too much of this fruit can lead to sudden increase in blood sugar in diabetic, and is, therefore, best avoided. Similarly, its high calorie content makes it a restrictive food for those who are overweight.

Welcome to your COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY 8

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE : START PRACTICING NOW

Dear Students/ Learners,

Solving a Comprehension Passage within a set time limit is really not that easy task. Consistent practice is the only solution. And for consistent practice without distracting the focus really ask for great willpower. So I have prepared some of the comprehension sheets with the set time limit so that learners might focus and continue the practice for continuous 10 days so that they might acquire their speed and be habitual of learning.  

The one who wishes to practice, kindly start with DAY 1 and be consistent in practising at least for 10 Days. Otherwise, there is no use in attempting for it.

Welcome for sharing more ideas so that this question might help the students to acquire good marks.

Thank You!

Happy Learning!

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: DAY 7 (Wastage of Food)

  • Read all the questions attentively
  • Fill in your contact form before beginning
  • Keep on checking your time limit
  • Try to set your own time limit goal
  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
  • Welcome for positive reviews and Suggegestions
  • ALL THE BEST

As the Indian Middle class is getting more affluent, the number of celebration parties is growing and so is the guest list. We have functions for birth celebration, first birthday celebration, engagements, marriages, promotions, sixtieth birthdays, marriages jubilees and even retirements policy. Lot of people get invited to each of these.

2. Just inviting people to such a celebration is not a problem. Because if a person eats at one place, he/she would save food he/she would have eaten somewhere else. The problem is, there is no RSVP (which is a French abbreviation that stands for ‘Reply, if you please’) culture in India. We send invites, but we don’t ask people whether they are planning to attend or not. The host does not get any feedback and has a vague idea of how many people will show up. Certainly, if more people showed up unexpectedly and had no food to eat, it would be embarrassing. So they just end up making enough for a large number of people. This results in wastage of food, cooking gas and manpower. And because electricity is costly and food storage equipment is not easily available, a huge amount of food goes to waste.

3. Our best of best software engineers are writing software to run banks in US and Europe. Can’t we launch a website that makes it possible for people to reply to invites using an easy, online or mobile-based application? Yes, we need this one change in our culture- replying to invites and confirming whether we can make it to the celebration or not. Best of the best MBAs are launching marketing campaigns world wide to increase market share of consumer products world wide. Can’t we launch a culture change campaign?

4. We make choices and every choice has consequences. Sadly when faced with the consequences of our choices, we externalize the blame. We find someone else to fault. We imagine only that evil outside somewhere is fixed, we the pious people would continue living our pristine and perfect lives.

Welcome to your COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY :7 ( Wastage of Food )

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