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CORONAVIRUS COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS- NEW COVID 19 VOCABULARY WORDS OF 2020 ADDED IN OXFORD DICTIONARY

COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS

With all the ups and downs in our lives and making our lives hell, COVID 19  has gifted OXFORD DICTIONARY some new words. You will find here some words resembling the old words and at the same time, you will notice some words never used before. After the meanings of the words, I have added here one quiz also so that you could learn the meanings of the words more properly.

Following are the words that have been added in the Oxford Dictionary-

  1. QUARANTINI

       – a cocktail typically drunk during  the self-isolation

         ex – Payal was advised to keep on     

               having QUARANTINI  to recover 

               herself soon from this 

              killing disease.

 

  1. COVIDIOT 

       – someone who ignores health

         advice about COVID 19

        ex-  Arun never wears a mask 

         while leaving his home. He is

         really a COVIDIOT.

 

  1. ZUMP 

    – be dumped via zoom during 

      quarantine/ be careless while 

       having  online classes.

     ex- Most of the students used 

     ZUMP during online classes.

 

  1. SPENDEMIC

    – a tendency of doing over online 

      shopping during lockdown

      ex. The virus of ‘being spendemic’ 

      entered into our homes more fastly than         the virus of COVID 19. 

 

  1. SOCIAL BUBBLES

      -the practice of having a safe 

       distance in order to prevent to 

       spread of the disease

 

      ex- Dear students, try to be 

      social bubbles in your classrooms 

      in order to prevent yourselves 

     from the attack of a new virus.

QUIZ : CHECK HOW MUCH YOU HAVE LEARNT

A cocktail typically drunk during the self-isolation

Correct! Wrong!

A tendency of doing over online shopping during lockdown

Correct! Wrong!

The practice of having a safe distance in order to prevent to spread the disease

Correct! Wrong!

Be dumped via zoom during quarantine/ be careless while having online classes. Most of the students used to ZUMP during online classes.

Correct! Wrong!

Someone who ignores health advice about COVID 19

Correct! Wrong!

COVID INSPIRED WORDS
YOUR SCORE

Share your Results:

Which word/words did you like the most,please mention in the comment box below-

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REPORTED SPEECH RULES: NARRATION: INDIRECT SPEECH (Part1): Introduction: What is a Reported Speech / Narration?

DEFINITION

Reported Speech is a formation of a sentence that we tell to someone, i.e.to the second person.

Thus based on a conversation, the words of the speaker can be formed in two ways:-

DIRECT

INDIRECT

LEARN WITH VIDEO

Thus two kinds of speeches came into existence

Direct Speech:

The teacher said to the monitor, “ I will be on a leave tomorrow. So collect the notebooks from all the students today only for correction.”

(When the speaker is directly saying something to the listener or when we are repeating the words of the speaker to the third person, is called Direct Speech.)

Indirect Speech:

The teacher told the monitor that she would be on a leave the next day and ordered her to collect all the notebooks from the students that day only.

( Thus when the listener is repeating the words of the speaker to the third person in roundabout a manner ,is called Indirect Speech. )

Parts of Direct Speech:-

Now comes the formation of a Direct Speech-

 There are two parts of a Direct Speech: –

  • Reporting Verb
  • Reported Speech

Ankit said to Ankita , “ Ridhima reads very well.”

(Reporting Verb)     (Reported Speech )

The part or clause that comes outside of the inverted commas ,is called Reporting Verb. The part that is locked inside the inverted commas, is called Reported Speech.

*Remember

The position of the Reporting verb & Reported Speech can be anywhere in the sentence :-

eg.   Ankit said to Ankita , “ Ridhima is a very nice girl.”

“Ridhima” said Ankit to Ankita, “ is a very nice girl.”

“ Ridhima is a very nice girl.” Ankit said to Ankita .

All the lines in green are Reporting verbs. That makes clear that it is not mandatory to have a reporting verb at the beginning of the sentence. Its position can be shifted according to the style of writing.

How to recognize a Direct and an Indirect Sentence :-

How to Recognize a Direct Speech:-

  • The reported sentence is locked in the inverted commas.
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
  • After Reporting Verb, we put a comma. 
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
  • The first letter of reported speech that is locked inside the inverted commas ,is  written in  capital letters.
    • Antima said , “Do you know  Anuj?”
How to Recognize an Indirect Speech:-
  • The reported sentence is unlocked from the inverted commas.
    • Ritika said that she was her best friend.
  • Commas are replaced with the conjunctions i.e. ( that/if /whether )according to the expression of the sentences. 
    • Ritika said that she was her best friend.

Common  Rules of changing a Direct Speech into Indirect Speech:-

  • Inverted commas are removed in Reported speech
  • Commas are replaced with conjunctions i.e. ( that/if /whether ) as per the expression of the sentences.
  • Never change the Tense of a Reporting Verb. Only the Tense of Reported Speech is changed if Reported Verb is Past Tense.

eg.

Direct : Namita says to Nisha , “Mishti likes to play chess”

Indirect: Namita tells Nisha that Mishti likes to play chess. •

Direct: Danish said to Salman , “ I Visited Delhi last Monday”

Indirect : Danish told Salman that he had visited Delhi the previous Monday.

General rules of changing a Direct Speech into Indirect Speech:-

I. Common Changes – applied in the complete Indirect Speech

II . Expression Changes – varies according to the different expressions

i.e. Kinds of sentences

They are again sub divided in the following parts-

I . Common Changes – applied in the complete Indirect Speech

a.Change of Tense

b. Change of Pronoun

c. Change of Time and place •

Read and understand the following sentences and the chart before going further in the detailed study of Change of Tense , Pronoun or Time and Space-

How to change Say / said of Reporting Verb according to different kinds

of sentences :-

Sentence Reporting Verb     Reported Speech Connector
Assertive   Say 
Says
Say to
Says to
Said
Said to
Told 
  say
says
tell
tells
said to
told
( reports / reported) 
    that
Interrogative Say /Says / Say to/ Says to / Said/Said to   Told      asked/ enquired of     If / whether
Imperative Request   Order     Advice    requested ordered /commanded advised       Connector {to}  
  Proposal   Making proposal  proposed to / suggested to   
                   Exclamatory Sorrow   Happiness Surprise Exclaimed with sorrow   Exclaimed with joy/happiness   Exclaimed with surprise   that  
 Optative Wish Curse wished/blessed cursed     that (In some cases without connectors)
HOW TO CHANGE SAY /SAID

Examples:

Direct

Ankita says, ” Harsh is my brother.

Shikha says to Nisha, ” Ridhima studies with me. “

Akhil said , “ I can not come to meet you here tomorrow.”

Namita said to me , ” Anubhav has been working hard since last night.”

Nitin said me , ” Will you also go to Goa?”

Rishika said to me , ” Do you have my book?”

Dinesh said to Mayank, ” Return me my bike.”

Simran said to me , ” Please, help me in completing my project.”

Siya said me , ” Have a deep sleep for 6 hours a day.

Babita said to me,” Let’s play tennis.”

Akriti said to Divyani , ” Let’s participate in the quiz. “

Gargi said, “Hurrah ! I have won a trophy.”

Shivani said to me ,” Alas! I have met with an accident.”

Aditi said , ” What a beautiful flower it is !”

Garvit said, “May God bless you !”

Vikram said to his friends , ” May you go to hell !”

Indirect

Ankita tells that Harsh is her brother.

Akhil told Nitesh that he could not go to meet him there the next day.

Shikha tells Nisha that Ridhima studies with her.

Akhil said that he could not meet him there the previous day.

Namita told me that Anubhav had been working hard since last night.

Nitin asked me if I would also go to Goa.

Rishika enquired of me if I had her book.

Dinesh ordered Mayank to return his bike.

Simran requested me to help her in competing her project.

Siya adviced me to have a deep sleep for 6 hours a day.

Babita proposed to me that we should play tennis.

Akriti suggested to Divyani that we must participate in the quiz.

Gargi exclaimed with joy that she had won a trophy.

Shivani exclaimed me with sorrow that she had met with an accident.

Aditi exclaimed with surprise that it was a beautiful flower.

Garvit wished that God might bless me.

Vikram cursed his friend that he might go to hell.

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Words before you start !

Welcome Learners !

Greetings!

I’m Meena Bilandani, M.A. (English)+Bachelor of Education, pursuing my passion of teaching for more than 15 years. I spend most of my time with my students and with my never-ending learning over here world’s most

spiritual land INDIA..

MEENA KUMARI

Let’s begin a new journey!

Grammar learning is not an easy task. It is a tough row to hoe. A lot of practice with constant learning then assimilating within is really a constant journey in itself that needs immense patience to carry on. Speaking and writing any language within a proper framing in a restricted structure, is really an art.

“ Grammar in spoken English is not needed ”, is only a prevalent myth. Yes, for beginners just to encourage them we say not to stick with a heavy set of burden and keep on speaking, especially when the speaker belongs to a regional medium or residing completely in a native environment. But they need not learn grammar, is completely be fooling themselves.

It is exactly like shooting an arrow without a bow. Yes, you can hit an arrow perfectly sometimes, but for a perfect pace ,you need a bow. Yes, of course, if you are growing up under a completely English environment or studying in a school where the native language is strictly restricted to speak,. They learn naturally the things and subconsciously, they use to speak a sentence in a correct framing naturally as they have been provided an environment under which they understand grammatically the sentence is correct .


With my own experience of teaching almost all kinds of board students, I have found, students from completely native background, most of the times pass through the verb mistakes which leave often very awkward situation if they have not studied tenses properly. While students of completely English Medium background pass through part of speech errors which can be actually, not always but often negligible.


So, speaking English in an incorrect framing of tense leaves more awkward situation than misuses of other parts of speeches.

Yes, students from English Medium often argue that they have learned English without learning Tenses, they are actually true but they are unaware of the fact that they have learnt tenses automatically with a practical environment still they are not much confident with their grammar which may lead them in problem in future competitive examinations.
And students from native background sometimes try to give examples of such students without understanding the fact that they have got a practical environment.

So as far as I could understand with my own lifelong experience, they can learn English at the first step with the translation method only, then gradually they can acquire constant understanding by continuous writing and having a practical approach. So native speakers, please don’t leave excuses, for learning English there is no need of learning Tense.

Yes, at the beginning level, you must not hesitate, you must try to speak but that doesn’t mean you need not learn and understand grammar. If you are learning grammar with learning Spoken English, it’s all like honey on your sugar cube. You must go parallel if you wish to enhance your writing skill also. But all four skills , whether it’s reading or writing,speaking or listening , everything is needed for comprehending any language.

So for such kinds of learners . ultimately, I am presenting here my Grammar lessons with videos and notes accompanied with exercises. I am presenting here my life long learning of Grammar which could be very helpful for my students in learning the English Language not only in enhancing speaking skills but writing skills as well.

Hope you’ll like all the lessons prepared by me by my hard efforts, and try to leave your precious suggestions.

Thank You !

Happy Learning !

 

Topics to be covered:-

  • The complete explanation of each Grammar topic
  • Video Lectures
  • Exercises for practice after each topic
  • Quizzes

 

WHY TO USE A PASSIVE VOICE

WHY TO USE A PASSIVE VOICE

1.When we wish to focus the attention of the listener on a particular thing /person

  • These documents were

      signed by Mr. Sinha.

           (Focus on documents)

In this sentence we can notice someone was more interested to know which documents were signed rather than who signed the documents.

Now read the following sentence-

  • Mr Sinha signed these documents.

          ( Focus on the Person)

Here who signed the documents ,was more important for seomonw to know than what was signed. So the sentence had been framed in an Active Voice. 

2. In order to put the new information at the end of the sentence –

      ( to surprise / to grab  the attention of the listener/reader)

In normal cases , Passsive Voice is used to highlight the importance of the subject but in some cases just to give a surprise or jolt to the readers, we may use Passive Voice.

  1.  The new manager of our comapny has been elected none but my daughter, Shruti. 
  2. Most of the poems in your syllabus have been culled  from American Poetry.

3. In order to put the new information at the end of the sentence to turn the style of writing from boresome  to interesting on.

 

  • Most of the poems in your

      course have been taken from

      American Poetry.

  • Two poems have been taken especially from Robert Frost’s Poetry,

         one of the most famous poets of America.

4. When ‘who’ or ‘what’ causes the

 action is –

 

  • Unknown or unimportant
  1. My purse has been snatched.

    (Agent- Thief- unknown)

    2. This dam was built last year.

    (Agent- labourers- unimportant)

  • Obvious or ‘people in general known’
  1. The thief was arrested.

               ( Agent – Police)

   2. The form was registered online.

     (Agent- Staff- people in general)

  • Natural phenomenon
  1. All the trees were found fallen down on the roads.
  2. My coffee has been cold.
  3. She was drowned in the river.

4. In factual writing when sentences are very long:-

1.Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on

       2nd October in 1904.

2. The Taj mahal was built in

       between 1631 to 1648. 

PASSIVE VOICE: HOW TO CHANGE AN IMPERATIVE STATEMENT

Before understanding the rules of changing an Imperative statement in a Passive Voice ,

let us understand kinds of an Imperartive Statement:- 

★ There are three kinds of imperative sentences-


1.  Command
2.  Advice
3.  Request

A sentence of command or order  is framed in three different ways-

 

1.  Command with object – 

V1 + object / Don’t + object

# Command  with object    (Affirmative )
Ex.—- Close the window.
            Open the door.

( Negative )


Ex. —- Don’t waste your time.
            Don’t disturb anybody.

 2.  Command without object – V1 / Don’t

Afirmative

1. Be calm
2. Sit down

Negative

Don’t be late.

Don’t sit here.

3. # Command beginning with

‘ LET ’

Ex.—- Let him go alone.
           Let her complete her                     

           project by herself.
Neg.— Don’t let him in.

       

HOW TO CHANGE 

Now let us understand how to change all these Imperative statements in different ways. Remember, all the Imperative statements are changed in different ways. So, kindly pay heed to each point.

First let us understand how to change a Command:- 

  1. Commands with objects

A command with object can be changed into two ways:-

TYPE 1

ACTIVE      

 V1/ +OBJECT

      Shut  all the doors.

      It can be changed into two ways:-

PASSIVE     

   LET+ SUBJECT+(RECEIVER) BE +V3

Let all the door be shut.

TYPE 2

Subject(receiver)+must be/should be + V3

My gifts must not be unwrapped.

Don’t unwrap my gifts.

  1. Commands without the objects

Active

(V1+no object)

Sit down .

Passive

You  are ordered +to + V1

You are ordered to sit down.

Negative

Don’t+v1+no object

Don’t run fast. 

You are ordered not to sit down.

  1. Commands already staring with ‘LET’ ( Causative Form )
  1. Let+ objective case+ V1

Let+ object + V1

Let him go.

Let+objective case+be+V3

 

Let him be gone.

If object is a Noun-

Let him do his homework

Let+ Object+be_V3

Let his homework be done.

REQUEST

Active (Affirmative )

Active

Please ,pass that salt cellar.

Passive

You are requested+ to +V1

You are requested to pass that salt cellar.

 Active ( Negative )

 Kindly, don’t spoil your energy

over such trifle things.

You are requested not to spoil you energy over such triffle things

You are requested + not to +V1

DONTS IN PASSIVE VOICE

DONTS IN PASSIVE VOICE II WHERE NOT TO USE PASSIVE VOICE

While learning the framing and uses of Passive voice, we must always be aware with the places where we must never use Passive Voice Statements.

  1. Sentences having Intransitive Verbs

      are never changed.

As we know In a Passive Voice a Subject is always converted into an Object and an Object is always converted into a Subject. So In  Intransitive verb we always have a subject so it can easily be converted in a Passive Voice.

Example :-

Transitive Verb

He speaks the truth.

The truth is spoken by him.

But because an Intransitive Verb never has an Object , 

it is never converted into the Passive Voice. 

Example:- 

Intransitive Verb

He goes to school daily.

She often comes to my party.

Following are some of the Intransitive Verbs 

with which are never used in Passive Voice 

 

Go

Come

Drown

Dwell

Live

Remember such kinds of statments are never Passive Voices. 

He is come.

She is gone.

He is arrived.

She is drowned.

You may observe such kinds of statmens sometimes. But remember ,they are not in Passive Voice , they are actually Perfect sentences often used in olden English. Even today at some places ,especially in informal English ,you may see such kinds of uses.

 

They actually mean:-

 

He is come. – He has come

She is gone.- She has come

He is arrived.- He has arrived

She is drowned.- She has drowned

With ‘Gerundial’ & ‘Infinitive’ phrase

The following sentences are already in Passive Form

The children love being cuddled. (Gerundial)

Means-

The children love when they are cuddled.

The children love to be cuddled. ( Infinitive)

Means

The children love when they are cuddled.

VOICE IN FUTURE PERFECT TENSE

FURURE PERFECT

AFFIRMATIVE

 Active

Subject +will have/shall have+V3+Object

Swati WILL HAVE sung a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ will have/shall have 

+been +V3+ preposition +Object( Doer )

A song WILL HAVE BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I shall have written a letter .

Passive

A letter will have been written by me.

NEGATIVE

 Active

Subject +will +not+ have+ V3+Object

Swati WILL NOT HAVE sung a song.

Passive

Subject (sufferer)+ will /shall

+not+have + been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

A song WILL NOT HAVE  BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I will not have written a letter .

Passive

A letter will not have been written by me .

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE I

 Active

Will/shall+Subject +have+ V3+Object

WILL Swati have sung a song ?

Passive

Will/shall+Subject(sufferer)+have+been + V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

WILL/SHALL a song have BEEN sung by Swati ?

Active

SHALL I have written a letter ?

Passive

Will a letter have been written by me?

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE II

 Active

WHfamily word+will+subject +have+ V3+Object

Why WILL  Swati HAVE sung a song ?

Passive

WHfamily word+had+Subject(sufferer)+

+been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

Why will a song HAVE BEEN sung by Swati ?

 Active

Why shall I written a letter ?

Passive

Why will a letter have  been written by me ?

0%

I shall have helped you.

Correct! Wrong!

You will have been helped by me.

The Tiger will have broken the cage.

Correct! Wrong!

The cage will have been broken by the tiger.

She will not have sung a song.

Correct! Wrong!

A song will not have been sung by her.

Will you have not seen this motivational movie?

Correct! Wrong!

Will this motivational movie have not been seen by you?

How will you have prepared this cake?

Correct! Wrong!

How will this cake have been prepared by you?

PASSIVE VOICE IN PAST PERFECT TENSE

PASSIVE VOICE IN PAST PERFECT TENSE

PAST PERFECT

AFFIRMATIVE

 Active

Subject +had+V3+Object

Swati HAd sung a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ had 

+been +V3+ preposition +Object( Doer )

A song HAD BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I had written a letter .

Passive

A letter had been written by me.

NEGATIVE

 Active

Subject +had +not+ V3+Object

Swati HAD NOT sung a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ had 

+not+been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

A song HAD NOT BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I had not written a letter .

Passive

A letter had not been written by me .

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE I

 Active

Had+Subject V3+Object

HAD Swati sung a song?

Passive

Had+Subject(sufferer)+been + V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

HAD A SONG  BEEN sung by Swati ?

Active

Had I  written a letter ?

Passive

Had a letter  been written by me?

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE II

 Active

WHfamily word+had+subject +V3+Object

Why HAS Swati sung a song ?

Passive

WHfamily word+had+Subject(sufferer)+

+been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

Why HAD a song BEEN sung by Swati ?

 Active

Why had I written a letter ?

Passive

Why had a letter been written by me ?

0%

Akanshi had not cared for her baby.

Correct! Wrong!

Her baby had not been cared for by Akanishi.

Who had committed such a blunder?

Correct! Wrong!

By whom had such a blunder been committed ?

Where had Sanket left the bunch of keys ?

Correct! Wrong!

Where had the bunch of keys been left by Sanket ?

Why had she interfered with his matters?

Correct! Wrong!

Why had his matters been interfered with by her?

Had you seen this movie before?

Correct! Wrong!

Had this movie been seen by you before?

Correct! Wrong!

STUDENTS’ CORNER

STUDENTS' CORNER

The vase is blooming with the poems of the following students from Grade X-

  • VanshIka Jain
  • Arpit Jaiswal
  • Shruti Kumari
  • Sujal Mishra
  • Rishika
  • Manas
  • Sanskriti Soni
  • Jahnvi Kumari
  • Khushi Kumari

KEEP SCROLLING DOWN

POEMS ON NATURE

I AM VERY EXCITED TO SHARE THE POEMS OF MY STUDENTS. STUDENTS- THE YOUNG FRESH BUDS BEAR MORE SENSITIVE MINDS THAN THE ELDER ONES. THEY ARE MADE AS WE MOULD THEM. THEY ARE ALWAYS CREATIVE, INNOVATIVE AND RECEPTIVE TO THE CHALLENGES. THEY CAN SEARCH OUT POSSIBILITIES IN IMPOSSIBILITIES MORE SMARTLY THAN THE ELDERS. SO WE MUST ALWAYS KEEP ON ENCOURAGING THEM AND INDULGING THEM IN THE HEALTHY COMPETITIONS SO THAT THEY MIGHT KEEP OF SEARCHING OUT AND  IDENTIFYING THEIR INNATE CAPABILITIES THAT MAY HELP THEM IN A LONG RUN.

SO I AM PRESENTING HERE SOME OF THE SWEET SHORT POEMS OF MY STUDENTS – ON NATURE THAT THEY HAVE COMPOSED – WITH THEIR OWN PERCEPTIONS.
NATURE HAS ALWAYS FASCINATED THE PEOPLE FROM EACH WALK OF LIFE TO EACH AGE GROUP. BUT WHEN IT COMES TO THE YOUNG MINDS. THEY FIND ALWAYS A NEW WORLD OPENED FOR THEM. THEIR OUTLOOK TOWARDS NATURE IS ALWAYS DIFFERENT. ELDERS WISH TO SEEK RELIEF IN THE MIDST OF NATURE WHILE JUST CONTRARY TO IT YOUNG MINDS ALWAYS NOT ONLY TRY TO LEARN FROM NATURE BUT ALSO CARE OF NATURE AND ALWAYS TRY TO SAVE IT. AND ALL THIS CAN CLEARLY IS VISIBLE THROGHT THESE POEMS.

SO LET’S ENJOY SWEET SIMPLE POEMS OF BLOOMIMG BUDS ON ‘NATURE’

*The Story of a Strange Virus*
 
The world was busy
In doing its work.
Then, a virus came
with a silent walk.
 
When it caused people death
People get aware about their health.
Government imposed lockdown.
Busy people came in house.
 
After months, lockdown broke.
People came out with great happiness.
But they forget, the virus is not over.
Only a vaccine had come
To take care of them.
 
They started wearing masks
Below their chin.
The virus got a chance to come in.
The illness spread once again
People died in a large amount.
 
O human! Don’t be
So careless and hopeless.
Just do whatever doctors said.
Don’t make other ill
People will soon
Come out of this illness.
                                 SANSKRITI SONI

 The Tree

               I come from Nature

               Hoping for a nice future

               I grow and grow with aims.

               But every one uses me for games.

            

People say-

Oh! Good fresh air 

But carpenters say-

Strong wood for chair…

I have lots of wishes to fulfil…

But I die without seeing my pupil…

 

                    To you I bend and bow..

                   And plead with a voice so low…

                   Please do not kill me

                   By turning me into coal…

                   I’ll grow old till I reach my goal.

                                                         MANAS

      Journey of Rivers

 

River comes with  its  purity

Making others its way better

But the impurities of the persons

Just don’t make it better.

People do sin go into the river

 

              Do make themselves clean

              But they don’t know

              They first have to clean their means

 

They give us water, they give us life,

No matter how much we fight!

Finally when seas open their arms

They merge into them

Performig their last karmas !

                                          VANSHIKA JAIN

Silly Owl

Silly Owl don’t sleep all day

You’re missing all the fun

Silly boy don’t sleep all night

The mice are on the run.

Silly Owl why wait till night

Just to catch the mice?

 

I have plenty, more

Than twenty mouse

Right there in my house.

But there was an Owl

Who lived in an oak

The more he heard,

The less he spoke

 

The less he spoke,

The more he heard

We all should be like

That wise old bird.

Showing…

 

Patience in listening

Intelligence in speaking.

                         ARPIT JAISWAL

SAVE NATURE

Nature, We are yours,

 Or You are ours

 Whatever is that

 “You and me are ours”

 

 When I was walking

 I felt something from you

 I think you expressed something

 I felt, You said

“Save me, Save me.”

 

You were been destroyed

But I couldn’t see that, 

But I could feel that

I wish, I could be

There for you

“To save you”

 

But, the next time

I’ll care for you, 

I’ll be

There for you”           

                                 SHRUTI KUMARI

Darkness

Sitting in a room coloured dark

Hopelessly enjoying the darkness,

Depressed with God’s remark 

And living the time heartless

 

       Just looking for a quick spark 

       That would revive my happiness,

       Still thinking this all in the darkness

       But knowing the sun of positivity will   

       Rise regardless.

   SUJAL MISHRA

Oh Nature !

 

Oh Nature ! Oh Nature !

How beautiful are your features

But your disasters are so furious 

Which makes us so warriors

 

Oh Nature ! Oh Nature !

You are adorable 

But your disasters are horrible

Which is not really affordable                                                                           RISHIKA

GOOD WISHES NATURE

 

Good morning ,sky
Good morning,sun,
Good morning,
Little winds that run!
 
Good morning, birds
Good morning, trees
And creeping grass,
and brownie bees!
 
How did you feel out it is day?
Who told you night has gone away?
 
KHUSHI KUMARI
 
KIND NATURE
 
There is a heavy crisis on mankind,
Black magic, science was unbeneficial.
What man gave to nature,
Nature returned with improvement. 
 
Trees are Nature’s blessing,
Unaware humans didn’t understand.
This is the essence of life,
Natures and humans are
the basis of each other.
                        JAHNVI KUMARI
 
 

PASSIVE VOICE IN PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

PASSIVE VOICE IN PRESENT PERFECT TENSE

PRESENT PERFECT

AFFIRMATIVE

 Active

Subject +has/have +V3+Object

Swati HAS sung a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ has/have 

+been +V3+ preposition +Object( Doer )

A song HAS BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I have written a letter .

Passive

A letter has been written by me .

NEGATIVE

 Active

Subject +has/have +not+ V3+Object

Swati HAS NOT sung a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ has/have 

+not+been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

A song HAS NOT BEEN sung by Swati.

Active

I have not written a letter .

Passive

A letter has not been written by me.

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE I

 Active

Has/have+Subject V3+Object

HAS Swati sung a song?

Passive

Has/have+Subject(sufferer)+been + V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

HAS A SONG  BEEN sung by Swati ?

Active

Have I written a letter ?

Passive

Has a letter been written by me ?

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE II

 Active

WHfamily word+have/have+subject +V3+Object

Why HAS Swati sung a song ?

Passive

WHfamily word+has/have+Subject(sufferer)+

+been +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

Why HAS a song BEEN sung by Swati ?

 Active

Why have I written a letter ?

Passive

Why has a letter been written by me ?

0%

1. Nishi has burnt all the papers.

Correct! Wrong!

All the papers have been burnt by Nishi.

2. Sujata has not completed her project by now.

Correct! Wrong!

Her project has not been completed by Sujatha by now.

3 Have you heard your voice ever?

Correct! Wrong!

Has your voice ever been heard by you?

4. Why have you lost all your concentrations?

Correct! Wrong!

Why have all your concentrations been lost by you?

5. Who has recognized all the characters of the story well?

Correct! Wrong!

By whom has all the characters of the story been recognized well ?

PASSIVE VOICE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE

PASSIVE VOICE CHANGES IN BE FORM OF THE VERB IN PAST COUNTINUOUS TENSE

ALL QUIZZES ON PASSIVE VOICE

PAST CONTINUOUS

AFFIRMATIVE

 Active

Subject +was/were +V4+Object

Swati WAS singing a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+ was/were 

+being +preposition +Object( Doer )

A song WAS BEING sung by Swati.

Active

I was writing a letter .

Passive

A letter was being written by me .

NEGATIVE

 Active

Subject +was/were +not+V4+Object

Swati WAS NOT singing a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+was/were +not

+being +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

A song WAS NOT BEING sung by Swati.

 Active

I was not writing a letter .

Passive

A letter was not being written by me .

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE I

 Active

was/were+subject +V4+Object

WAS Swati  singing a song ?

Passive

was/were+not+Subject(sufferer)+

+being +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

WAS  a song  BEING sung by Swati ?

 Active

Was I not writing a letter ?

Passive

Was a letter being written by me ?

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE II

 Active

WHfamily word+ was/were+subject +V4+Object

Why WAS Swati  singing a song ?

Passive

WHfamily word+was/were+not+Subject(sufferer)+

+being +V3+preposition +Object( Doer )

Why WAS  a song  BEING sung by Swati ?

 Active

Why was I writing a letter ?

Passive

Why was a letter  being written by me ?

Take your notepad, pen down your answers a& tap to check your answers

0%

1 Sita was calling me at her Gate.

Correct! Wrong!

I was being called at by Sita at her gate.

2 She was not washing her clothes.

Correct! Wrong!

Her clothes were not being washed by her.

3 See, where was he placing his watch?

Correct! Wrong!

See, where was his watch being placed by him ?

4. Was Pooja completing her project?

Correct! Wrong!

Was her project being completed by Pooja?

5. When were you meeting Nisha?

Correct! Wrong!

When was Nisha being met by you?

Correct! Wrong!

PASSIVE VOICE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

PASSIVE VOICE CHANGES IN BE FORM OF THE VERB IN COUNTINUOUS TENSE

PRESENT CONTINUOUS

AFFIRMATIVE

 Active

Subject +is/are/am+V4+Object

Swati IS singing a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+is/are/am

+being +preposition +Object( Doer )

A song IS BEING sung by Swati.

Active

I am writing a letter .

Passive

A letter is being written by Swati .

NEGATIVE

 Active

Subject +is/are/am+not+V4+Object

Swati IS NOT singing a song.

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+is/are/am+not

+being +preposition +Object( Doer )

A song IS NOT BEING sung by Swati.

 Active

I am not writing a letter .

Passive

A letter is not being written by me.

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE I

 Active

is/are/am+subject +V4+Object

IS Swati  singing a song ?

Passive

is/are/am+not+Subject(sufferer)+

+being +preposition +Object( Doer )

IS  a song  BEING sung by Swati ?

 Active

Am I not writing a letter ?

Passive

Is a letter being written by me ?

INTERROGATIVE 

TYPE II

 Active

WHfamily word+ is/are/am+subject +V4+Object

Why IS Swati  singing a song ?

Passive

WHfamily word+is/are/am+not+Subject(sufferer)+

+being +preposition +Object( Doer )

Why IS  a song  BEING sung by Swati ?

 Active

Why am I writing a letter ?

Passive

Why is a letter  being written by me?

Attempt for the quiz and check how much you could understand.

0%

1. Radhika is knitting a sweater.

Correct! Wrong!

Her sweater is being knit by Ahana.

2. Kaushal is not inviting his friends to his party.

Correct! Wrong!

His friends are not being invited to his party by Kaushal .

3 Am I telling a lie?

Correct! Wrong!

is a lie being told by me?

4 When are you inviting me to your home?

Correct! Wrong!

When am I being invited to your home by you?

5. Who is seeking for the job?

Correct! Wrong!

By whom is the job being sought for ?

PASSIVE VOICE CHANGES IN BE FORM OF THE VERB IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

PASSIVE VOICE CHANGES IN BE FORM OF THE VERB IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

SIMPLE FUTURE

AFFIRMATIVE

 

Active

Subject + Will/Shall+V1+Object

Swati will sing a Song .

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+will/ Shall+ be+V3+preposition 

 +Object( Doer )

A song will be sung by Swati.

Active

I shall write a letter .

A letter will be written by me .

 

NEGATIVE

Active

Subject + will/shall+not+V1+Object

 Swati will not sing a Song

Passive

Subject(sufferer)+will/ Shall+ not+be+V3+preposition 

 +Object( Doer )

A song will not be song by Swati.

Active 

I shall not write a letter. 

Passive

 

A letter will not be written by me.

 

 

INTERROGATIVE

TYPE I

Active

Will/shall +Subject + V1+Object

 Will Swati sings a Song ?

Passive

Will/shall+Subject( Sufferer) +be+V3

 +preposition +Object( Doer )

Will a song be sung by Swati ?

TYPE II

Active

When shall I write a letter?

Passive

When a letter be written by me ?

1. I shall help you.

2. The Tiger will break the cage.

3. Nishi will not sing a song.

4. Will you not see this motivational movie?

5. How will you prepare this cake?



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