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CORONAVIRUS COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS- NEW COVID 19 VOCABULARY WORDS OF 2020 ADDED IN OXFORD DICTIONARY

COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS

With all the ups and downs in our lives and making our lives hell, COVID 19  has gifted OXFORD DICTIONARY some new words. You will find here some words resembling the old words and at the same time, you will notice some words never used before. After the meanings of the words, I have added here one quiz also so that you could learn the meanings of the words more properly.

Following are the words that have been added in the Oxford Dictionary-

  1. QUARANTINI

       – a cocktail typically drunk during  the self-isolation

         ex – Payal was advised to keep on     

               having QUARANTINI  to recover 

               herself soon from this 

              killing disease.

 

  1. COVIDIOT 

       – someone who ignores health

         advice about COVID 19

        ex-  Arun never wears a mask 

         while leaving his home. He is

         really a COVIDIOT.

 

  1. ZUMP 

    – be dumped via zoom during 

      quarantine/ be careless while 

       having  online classes.

     ex- Most of the students used 

     ZUMP during online classes.

 

  1. SPENDEMIC

    – a tendency of doing over online 

      shopping during lockdown

      ex. The virus of ‘being spendemic’ 

      entered into our homes more fastly than         the virus of COVID 19. 

 

  1. SOCIAL BUBBLES

      -the practice of having a safe 

       distance in order to prevent to 

       spread of the disease

 

      ex- Dear students, try to be 

      social bubbles in your classrooms 

      in order to prevent yourselves 

     from the attack of a new virus.

QUIZ : CHECK HOW MUCH YOU HAVE LEARNT

A cocktail typically drunk during the self-isolation

Correct! Wrong!

A tendency of doing over online shopping during lockdown

Correct! Wrong!

The practice of having a safe distance in order to prevent to spread the disease

Correct! Wrong!

Be dumped via zoom during quarantine/ be careless while having online classes. Most of the students used to ZUMP during online classes.

Correct! Wrong!

Someone who ignores health advice about COVID 19

Correct! Wrong!

COVID INSPIRED WORDS
YOUR SCORE

Share your Results:

Which word/words did you like the most,please mention in the comment box below-

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REPORTED SPEECH RULES: NARRATION: INDIRECT SPEECH (Part1): Introduction: What is a Reported Speech / Narration?

DEFINITION

Reported Speech is a formation of a sentence that we tell to someone,i.e. to the second person.

Thus based on a conversation, the words of the speaker can be formed in two ways:-

DIRECT

INDIRECT

LEARN WITH VIDEO

Thus two kinds of speeches came into existence

Direct Speech:

The teacher said to the monitor, “ I will be on a leave tomorrow. So collect the notebooks from all the students today only for correction.”

(When the speaker is directly saying something to the listener or when we are repeating the words of the speaker to the third person, is called Direct Speech.)

Indirect Speech:

The teacher told the monitor that she would be on a leave the next day and ordered her to collect all the notebooks from the students that day only.

( Thus when the listener is repeating the words of the speaker to the third person in a roundabout manner, is called Indirect Speech. )

PARTS OF DIRECT SPEECH

Now comes the formation of a Direct Speech-

 There are two parts of a Direct Speech: –

  • Reporting Verb
  • Reported Speech

Ankit said to Ankita , “ Ridhima reads very well.”

(Reporting Verb)     (Reported Speech )

The part or clause that comes outside of the inverted commas,is called Reporting Verb. The part that is locked inside the inverted commas, is called Reported Speech.

*Remember

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Words before you start !

Welcome Learners !

Greetings !

I’m Meena Bilandani, M.A. (English)+Bachelor of Education, pursuing my passion of teaching for more than 15 years. I spend most of my time with my students and with my never-ending learning over here world’s most

spiritual land INDIA..

MEENA BILANDANII

Let’s begin a new journey!

Grammar learning is not an easy task. It is a tough row to hoe. A lot of practice with constant learning and then assimilating within is really a constant journey in itself that needs immense patience to carry on. Speaking and writing any language within a proper framing in a restricted structure, is really an art.

“ Grammar in spoken English is not needed ”, is only a prevalent myth. Yes, for beginners just to encourage them we say not to stick with a heavy set of burdens and keep on speaking, especially when the speaker belongs to a regional medium/background or resides completely in a native environment. But they need not learn grammar and are completely befooling themselves. It is exactly like shooting an arrow without a bow. Yes, you can hit an arrow perfectly sometimes, but for a perfect pace, you need a bow. Yes, of course, if you are growing up in a completely English environment or studying in a school where the native language is strictly restricted to speak, they learn naturally the things and subconsciously, they use to speak a sentence in a correct framing naturally as they have been provided with an environment under which they understand grammatically the sentence is correct.
With my own experience of teaching almost all kinds of board students, I have found, that students from completely native backgrounds based on their region or country, most of the time pass through the verb mistakes which leave often very awkward situation if they have not studied tenses properly. While students from completely English backgrounds pass through part of speech errors which can be actually, not always but often negligible.
So, speaking English in an incorrect framing of tense leaves a more awkward situation than mistakes in other parts of speeches.

Yes, students from English medium/backgrounds often argue that they have learned English without learning Tenses, they are actually true but they are unaware of the fact that they have learnt tenses subconsciously in a practical environment, still, they are not much confident with their grammar which may lead them in problem in future competitive examinations. ( If they are preparing for that )
And students from native background sometimes try to give examples of such students without understanding the fact that such students have got a practical environment.
So as far as I could understand from my own lifelong experience, different backgrounds students must learn English as per their needs and surrounding. If they belong to a non -English environment, they can learn English at the first step with the translation method with that they must continue their reading., then gradually they can acquire constant understanding by continuous writing and having a practical approach. While students from English speaking backgrounds must also understand if they are speaking any particular sentence correctly, and how the sentence is correct which will help them to understand graamr correctly .So dear good English speakers, please don’t leave excuses, for learning English there is no need of learning Tense. Don’t forget in writing your mistakes can never be ignored.

Yes, at the beginning level, you must not hesitate, you must try to speak but that doesn’t mean you need not learn and understand grammar. If you are leaning grammar with learning Spoken English, it’s all like honey on your sugar cube. You must go parallel if you wish to enhance your writing skill also. But all four skills , whether it’s reading or writing,speaking or listening , everything is needed for comprehending any language.

So for such kinds of learners, ultimately, I am presenting here my Grammar lessons with videos and notes accompanied with exercises. I am presenting here my life long learning of Grammar which could be very helpful for my students in learning the English Language not only in enhancing speaking skills but writing skills as well.

Hope you’ll like all the lessons prepared by me by my hard efforts, and try to leave your precious suggestions.

Thank You!

Happy Learning !

PEACE!

Topics to be covered:-

  • The complete explanation of each Grammar topic
  • Video Lectures
  • Exercises for practice after each topic
  • Quizzes

EVERYDAY VS EVERY DAY ( EVERY-DAY)

EVERYDAY VS EVERY DAY

What is the difference between 

Everyday and Every day ? 

 

Learn with video lecture 

QUIZ-CONVERSEATOPN-EXERCISES – BASED ON PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

Exercise 1

PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE

AFTER OPTING FOR EACH ANSWER WAIT  FOR A

SECOND TO CHECK YOUR CORRECT/INCORRECT ANSWER...

Exercise 2

FILL THE CORRECT FORM OF THE VERB

Welcome to your PRESENT INDEFINITE - FILL VERB


Exercise 3

CONVERSATION based on Simple Present/ Present Indefinite 

 Radha: Aradhna, do you like reading?

Aradhna: No, I don’t

Radha: But why?

Aradhana: Oh, it’s so boring?

Radha: It’s not like that. You don’t like it because 

your mind gets disturbed a lot.

Aradhana: Well, I don’t think so.

Radha: Yes, it is true. Do you practice meditation?

Aradhana: Yes, but not often 

Radha: Then, start mediation 

Aradhana: and how does it lead us to a balanced life?

Radha: Oh, good question. 

            Well, first of all, it helps us to gain 

 a new perspective on stressful situations.

Anuradha: Really? But how does it do so?

Radha: It builds skills to manage our day to day stress.

Anuradha: Great! Does it have other benefits as well?

Radha: Sure, it increases our self-awareness

Anuradha: Oh, I see.

Radha: And it helps us to focus on the present. 

Anuradha :and that’s how it helps to concentrate our mind.

Radha: absolutely right. 

Anuradha: Ok, and now only I understood why you often suggest me to do meditation,

Radha: yes, and do you know reading is also a kind of meditation,

It’s not always important to close your eyes and meditate.

Anuradha: But how is it possible?

Radha: Actually, whenever you focus your mind on your present 

performing any task without distracting yourself to 

any other task or thought is a kind of meditation. 

Anuradha: Oh, that’s great to know. 

Now, I’ll start my meditation from tomorrow onwards and reading as well.

Radha: That’s good. But, remember, be patient at the beginning, Gradually you‘ll achieve a good pace. 

Anuradha: OK, Thanks a bunch. I want to know more benefits of meditation.

Radha: We’’, it reduces all our negative thoughts and emotions. It teaches us the importance of self-love. IT lowers balances our heart rate and blood pressure and most importantly, it improves our sleeping quality. 

Anuradha: Wow ! so meditation is so beneficial. I think I must join any Yoga Center as well. Do you know about any good Yoga centres nearby my home?  

Radha: Yes, I know. But nowadays it is closed due to the Deepawali holidays. 

Anuradha: So when will it be opened.

Radha: It reopens on 2nd December 2022.

Anuradha: OK, one last question if you don’t mind.

Radha: Ask, please!


Anuradha: Why did you say ‘, “ It reopens on 2nd December 2022..” but it’s a future action. 

So it should be spoken like, “ It will be reopened on 2nd December 2022.

Radha: Oh Anuradha, actually, Present Indefinite can be used for telling our future schedules, timing etc. 

Anuradha: Oh I see, Thanks a bunch. This is a benefit of being the friend of an English teacher.

Radha: ha ha ha! Well if you wish to know more about, the rules of Present Indefinite Tense, you can read my notes on my website www.budsofwisdom.com

Anuradha: really

Radha: Yes, you can find their many grammar quizzes, conversations, video lessons and podcasts as well.

Anuradha: Thanks a bunch Radha, sure I’ll visit the website. You know I am a Grammar Geek.  

Radha: Yes Anu I know. 

Anuradha: Ok, meet you tomorrow in the park again. Thanks a lot again, bye

Radha: Bye, have a nice day!

Anuradha: Sure, you too.

Notes in Detail 

PRESENT INDEFINITE : TENSE CHAPTER 6

TABLE OF CONTENT

Different uses of Present Indefinite Tense, 

Structure

QUIZ

CONVERSATION 

The Chapter is going to be useful in – 

Sentence Recording,

g/Editing,

Sentence Transformation, ,

 Gap filling,

Story Writing,

Translation,

Spoken English + Formal Writing.

 

Definition of Present Indefinite Tense-

The tense -used to refer to an ‘ event’, ‘ action ‘ or ‘ condition ‘ that exists all the time or for a short period without the confirmation of its completion, is called Present Indefinite Tense.

How to recognize in English-

Affirmative- The sentence has root form (base form) of the verb without an auxiliary verb.

  • Ravita rides on the roundabouts daily.
  • Nishtha walks on by the beach daily..

Negative/ Interrogative-

The sentence has the root form of the verb with do/does.

  • Gaurav does not go to the gym to exercise.
  • Do you read a new storybook every day?

We use Present Indefinite Tense in the following conditions-

 

1. With Daily Routine Sentences- 

  • I awake at 5 A.M daily.
  • Mona does mediation every day.
  • We go for a walk after having our dinner daily.

2. With Habitual Sentence-

To show present habits, we use Present Indefinite Tense 

  • I use to have a cup of tea twice a day.
  • Children like to have junk food most. 

        But it is not good for their health.

                 

3. Future Time Table/ Schedule- 

Sometimes for showing future fixed timetables also, 

we take the help of Present Indefinite. In such cases,

don’t get confused, the sentence is correct. 

  • The school reopens on 27th June 2022.
  • We fly to Kathmandu next week.
  • The function starts sharp at 8 P.M on 1st July 2018.

4. With Universal Truth/Facts 

  • You hide the flower but its fragrance. 
  • Light travels faster than the wind. 

That’s why in Reported Speech also , the tense of the sentence is never changed

  • The teacher said that The sun rises in the east. ( Universal Truth)
  • My friend said that Time passes very quickly. ( Fact)
  1. Present Short Action- ( They show our temporary habits)
  • Look! How actively he is playing. He takes the ball so 

        quickly and scores the goal.

  1. While giving Instructions               
  • Give me your copy right now.
  • Don’t waste your time.
  1. News Headlines- 

Most of the time headlines are written in Present Indefinite Tense.

  • Maharashtra health minister resigns.
  • Grenade attack injures 9 CRPF.
  1. With the Present Positions-
  •  Eshank works in TCS now.
  •  He studies in class 10th 

Structure of Present Indefinite Tense-

Affirmative- 

Formation: 

Subject+ V1+ Object.

Note: 

SingularSubject – V1+ s/es/ies

Plural / 1st PersonSingular Subject ( I ) – V1st form only.

Ritu sings a song.

  • I complete my work on time.
  • He frequently visits my home.
  • You waste your time a lot.

Negative

Negative Sentences are divided into two types:-

Type 1: The sentence that is formed by adding a simple ‘ not’

Type 2: The sentence that is formed by adding  ‘ never’

So the formation of both the sentences is different.

Type 1:  With ‘ not’

Formation:

Subject+ do not /  does not + V1st form + Object.

Subject: Singular- does not

Subject: Plural/ Singular Ist Person ( I )  – do not

  • Jaishree does not like lies a little bit.
  • These boys do not obey anyone.
  • You do not come on time.

Type2: With ”never’

Formation

Subject+ never + V1st form +s/es/ies+ object.

Remember: In this condition,’ Verb ‘ will not be affected by any subject

because it has no helping verb. So the formation will go the same as Affirmative Sentence.

  • He never tells a lie
  • You never come to meet me.
  • I never pay heed over trifles.
  •  Ragini never overcomes her pains soon.

Structure of Interrogative Sentence-

Type-1

Do/ does + Subject +V1st form + object

Singular- Does

Plural/I – do

  • Do you play cricket daily?
  • Does Gauri design websites?

Interrogative type -2

W family word + do/ does + Subject + verb+ object.

  • When does Akasha go for a walk?
  • Why do these boys waste their time?

Type -3

How much/ how many/ which/whose+ related noun + do/ does + Subject+ object.

  • How many books do you have in your bag?
  • How much water do you have daily?

Interrogative Negative Sentence-

The fromation of all the Interrogative Negatives are the same. Only NOT IS PLACED AFTER THE SUBJECT

—–do/does+Subject+ Not ——

Does he not do you work?

 Why do you not do your work?

 How many flowers does he not pluck from the garden?

 

 

Practice sentence for spoken English-

Follow the structure and write down the sentence and practice them.

Daily routine- I wake up 5 P.M

Good habits- I play cricket daily.

Bad Habits- I don’t like play cricket.

Ask questions- do you like coffee?

Remaining Part will be published tomorrow

Tap below to learn all the lessons of :-

EVERYONE VS EVERYBODY

EVERYONE VS EVERYBODY

 

 

 

What is the difference between

Everyone and Everybody ? 

 

Learn with video lecture >>>>>>

DIFFERENT USES OF ‘ THERE ‘ (DUMMY SUBJECT) : TENSE CHAPTER 5 C

Take a quick QUIZ before going through the lesson to check yourselves

how much you know about the Dummy Subject ‘ There ‘

USES OF THERE


In our last lesson, we studied about DIFFERENT USES OF ‘ IT ‘as a Subject.

i.e the first kind of ‘Dummy Subject ‘. This lesson will be continued with

the second kind of Dummy Subject ‘ THERE’ under which we will cover the topic  ‘ DIFFERENT USES OF ‘THERE’ as a SUBJECT’

So before diving deeper, let’s first clear ourselves with the basic

concept of  use of  ‘ THERE ‘

The word ‘There’ can be used with two meanings actually.

Its first meaning is an adverb of place.

  • I saw Anshu there in the market.
  • I searched for Anu a lot in the fair but was not able to find her there.
  • I saw a snake there in the pond.
  • Don’t go there.

Its second meaning has truly no meaning at all.

Specially when it is used as a Pronoun. In such case,

it is assumed as a Dummy Subject , we studied about in our

previous lesson ‘ Dummy Subject or Artificial Subject with

the first kind of a Dummy Subject ‘ IT ‘ ( Different Uses of ‘ It’ )

So because our lessons ofTense’ is going on in detail

with all the quizzes, conversation, podcast and video lectures,

in this lesson, I am going to explain  you in detail,

‘ Different Uses of ‘There’

1. As an Introductory Subject

‘There’ as a dummy subject is used with a noun or a noun phrase and the verb ‘be’ when we need to  introduce new information or say that something exists.

Don’t cry, There lives a kind lady behind our school. Hope, she would help us.

There is a lovely garden beside my home. ( New Information.)

Let’s have a walk there. ( Adverb of place)

2. In Story Beginning

In story writing, When we have to introduce a person, a place or a thing. .

  • Once upon a time , there was a king.
  • There was no sign of life.
  • Weren’t there two lions in the forest ?

3. When we have to give details about a building/place/people/

environment ,working environment with the details of quantity/numbers

  • There are 40 teachers in my school.
  • There are 40 rooms in my school
  • There is a very old banyan tree in my village.
  • There were around 50 people in those hutments.
  • There is always a unity among all the company members.

            The never leak the company’s personal information.

4. There can be used with an expression of quantity followed by to + infinitive.

  • There was lots to learn. But you wasted all the time in your chit-chat.
  • There were many beautiful ripe fruits to be plucked..
  • There will always be someone to help you..

5. We can use ‘ There’ with ‘for + noun’ to show who we’re talking about

  • There is nothing for him now to do.
  • There left for us now to discuss.
  • There is always a hope for us to believe in the Universal Sounds.

6. We can use a definite noun phrase with ‘there’ when

‘ there ‘  means ‘in that place’.

There’s my black ink pen , I was looking for.

Hey , there is Shuchi, finally  we found here.

7. We can use names or noun phrases with

‘there’ (as a dummy subject) when we are

suggesting different options ,

and the sentence is the one where we would usually

need a definite or Indefinite article.  ( Article Quizzes )

There are a beautiful garden and an awesome restaurant 

beside my home. Tell, where would you like to visit ?

8. With some expressions where subject is absolutely not clear.

There is blowing a hard wind today.

There may be rain today.

Wasn’t there a stinky smell outside his house ?

9. With Slang Expressions

Sometimes use of ‘There ‘ is found in informal English.

  • Hey there, can you tell me where this way goes to ?
  • ….. & there I have found Madhav , my naughty baby.

DIFFERENT USES OF ‘ IT ‘ DUMMY SUBJECT PART TWO : TENSE CHAPTER 5 B

DIFFERENT USES OF DUMMY SUBJECT ' IT '

Before diving on the explanation , kindly check yourselves how much you know about the topic 

TAKE THE QUIZ

USES OF 'IT'


Previous Lessons

What is a Dummy Subject ?

LET’S START THE LESSON 

‘It’ is an Impersonal and a Personal  Pronoun both, used as a Subject and as an object as well.

It ( Subject) is your pen. But from

now onwards I’ll use it’( object).When ‘It’ tells something about a living being ,

it’s always a personal pronoun.

It’s Rishi who is the topper of the school.

When it talks something about non-living things/ideas,it’s identified as an Impersonal Pronoun. 

It’s getting dark. 

It’s my pearl, my pet. 

 

 

When ‘It’ tells something about a living being ,

it’s always a personal pronoun.

It’s Rishi who is the topper of the school.

As a Subject, ‘It’ is assumed as a Dummy

or an Artificial Subject, we studied in detail in our previous lesson. 

So as a subject, ‘ it’ is used for EIGHT

different complements to complete

our sentence.

So in today’s class, we’ll study and

understand different uses of ‘IT’.

1. When we have to give information of the following. 

a. Time

   It’s Five O’clock by my watch.

b. Date

   It’s 16 May today.

c. Month

   It’s May going on. 

d. Year

   It’s 2022 going on.

e. Weather

   It’s cool weather today. 

2. When we have to introduce/say something about our object

( Complementary).

It’s nice to meet you after a long time. 

It’s chicky, my cat.

3.As an Anticipatory Subject

As an Anticipatory Subject ;It’ works in the following ways

a. When a sentence is divided in two clauses.

b. Second Cluse is the main Subject

Example

It’s great that man of words has come into the action today.

It’s true that wheel of time never spares anyone.

4, With Lifeless objects

I bought an expensive piano yesterday.

But it is not working now.

I had planted a rose plant three months ago. I

It is blooming with lots of roses now.

5. With Passive Voice

It is expected that he will return soon.

It is said that Lord Krishna has returned in the form 

of Kalki to awaken all the sleeping souls

6. For the babies when we are not sure about their gender

   Is it your baby? Its smile is cute.

7. For the animals

   I have planned to pet a dog. It’s a vey useful animal.  

   I noticed a very strange bird today. It was sitting on 

   the branch of the mango tree in my garden .

8. To refer Collective noun when it shows a singular meaning

     The jury has still not passed its verdict. It will take two more months.

     The class is very silent today, It has lost its favourite teacher.

9. In Cleft Sentence  

  Was it your pen that was lost?

  It’s Laxmi who left for Delhi yesterday.

10. For Assumed Timing

It has been two years since I met Raksha.’

It had been almost late when we reached at ring ceremony.   

DUMMY SUBJECT/ ARTIFICIAL SUBJECT: TENSE CHAPTER 5 A

The lesson covers the following topics-

WHAT IS A DUMMY SUBJECT ?

Dummy Subject

Dummy means – an artificial structure of any real object.

Now as we all know that in the formation of a sentence,

we need three basic things. 

Subject+Verb+Object

 But sometimes, we find the subject missing in our sentence or we must say, the Subject is used somewhere else in the clause. In such conditions, we need a word in the form of a subject to complete our sentences. 

Thus,” The words that help us to complete the structure of our sentence, in the absence of the real subject are called DUMMY SUBJECTS.”

That’s why Dummy Subject is well known by the following names as well-

  1. Artificial Subject
  2. False Subject
  3. Empty Subject
  4. Introductory Subject

Thus, there are two words which help us in the absence of our real subject.

  1. IT
  2. THERE 

Dummy Subject or Dummy Pronoun

 As we know that a Subject is always a noun or pronoun, and Dummy Subjects take the place of the Subject and the pronoun is always replaced with a noun so they are called Dummy Pronouns as well.

Need of Dummy Subjects

Dummy Subjects are needed in the following conditions 

a. When we are not sure- a thing, person or place exists.

There is a huge banyan tree in my village

It’s not only luck that leads you to success.

b. When we are not sure about the gender

Your baby is very sweet. Its smile is cute. 

There is a lot of noise in the classroom.

It’s getting a bit dark now.

c. When we have to give details about the date, day, time, year or weather.

It’s 7 o’clock by my watch.

There was blowing harsh wind yesterday.

d. When we have to introduce a person, place or thing at the beginning of the story. 

There lived a great king in the city of Hastinapur.

There were two lions in a forest. 

Now in the next chapters, we’’ll continue the lesson with different uses of Dummy subjects separately. 

Uses of It

Uses of There

Till than let’s make a quick revision with the following short quiz to understand how much we learnt about Dummy Subjects.

QUIZ

How much you know about 

DUMMY SUBJECT

Check yourselves with this short quiz-


TENSE: CHAPTER 4 D- STUCTURE AND USE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE( Will have/Shall have)-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON​

TENSE: CHAPTER 4 D- STUCTURE AND USE OF 'HAVE' IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE( WILL HAVE/SHALL HAVE )-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON

THE CHAPTER INCLUDES 

1. Structure of  ‘have’ in Simple Future Tense  (Use of had)

2. Conversation based on use of ‘have’ in Simple Future Tense

HAVE in Simple Future Tense is used for having possessions

( in concrete / abstract form) in the coming future.

 

Example – I will have my new bike by next week.

                   She will not have her cup of tea by herself.

                   Shall I have by myself ?  

 How to use

In Simple Future will have/shall have 

will be used as an Auxiliary Verb .

 

How to use HAVE in a  Simple Future Tense

I PERSON – Singular / Plural  – shall have

II Person – Singular / Plural  –   will have

III PERSON- Singular – will have

III PERSON Plural – will have

Example 

I shall have this book by tomorrow. 

He will have a good sleep by evening 

You will have your sheets in two hours. 

 

BUT the condition becomes vice versa 

 if there is dire need to possess something in future 

I PERSON – Singular / Plural  – will have

II Person – Singular / Plural  –  shall have  have

III PERSON- Singular – shall have

III PERSON Plural – shall  have

 

Example 

 I will have this book anyhow by tomorrow.

He shall have a good sleep in any condition by evening.

Don’t worry, You will have your sheets back within two hours. 

 

The words ‘anyhow’ ,’within’, ‘in any condition’ are showing dire need .

Structure of Negative Sentence- 

Subject+ will/shall+ not+ have + complement

Example- Shivani will not have my piece of writing by tomorrow.

                  She shall not have  my mobile number in any condition now. 

NOTE: We can replace NOT with NO only in a condition 

when there in no use of DETERMINER before the

 noun and after has/have.

Example:- 

You will not have your lunch today ( Your- Possessive Determiner. )

You will have no lunch today.

She will not have any peace in her life now.  ( Any- Quantifier Determiner )

She will have no peace in her life now .  

Contracted Form

 Will Not – won’t

Shall Not- shan’t

Example

I shan’t have a new bike now.

She won’t have her reward by next month.

 

Structure of Interrogative Sentences- 

Type-1

Will / Shall+ subject + have  complement

Example-

            Will you like to have this beautiful pen of mine ?

           Shall I have some satisfaction after the meeting?    

            Will Priyanshu have any problem with test ?

 Type-2

Structure of Interrogative Sentence- 

W family word + will/shall+  subject ++ complement

Example-

Why will you have my purse ?

Who will have my pencils ?

Type 3

How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ will/shall

+ Subject  + have + Complement

Example-

               How many bunches of grapes will you like to have ?

               How much coffee shall I have in my coffee mug?

               Which colour pen will you have  in your pencil box?

Interrogative Negative 

The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives

 are almost the same, 

we only need to add NOT  after the Subject

 …….. will/shall + subject + not have +  complement

Example-

                Will you not have my gifts ?

                Why will  you not  have any good book  by

                next week?

                How many books will you not have in your library ?  

NOTE: But in Contracted Form , we 

will place NOT (won’t/shan’t+subject_ have  )

before the subject

Example:- 

Why won’t you have colours in your drawing test today?

How many pens shan’t I in my pencil pouch?

 

UNDERSTAND WITH CONVERSATION

TELEPHONIC CONVERSATION

Simran : Hello Ruchika

Ruchika : Yes Simran

Simran: Will you have one extra black pen with you in tomorrow’s test?
Ruchika  No’ I won’t. But why ?
Simran:  Actually , I just noticed, I am not having black pen. and it’s e night . I can’t go to buy . 
Ruchika: OK, don’t worry. I shall have one extra pen with me. 
Simran: OK, Thank you so much , Ruchika.

               Meet you in school in the morning.

PREVIOUS LESSONS

From the study point of view, I have categorized the lesson of TENSE into 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of the main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a . There

b.  It

III. Use of the Main form of the verb.

TAP THE LINKS BELOW FOR PREVIOUS LESSONS

SEC TION 1.a.1Simple Present Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.2  I. Simple Past Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.3  I. Simple Future Tense ( without the use of the main verb

SECTION 1.b.1 DIFFERENT USES OF HAVE

SECTION 1.b.2 Uses and Formation of ‘Have’ in Simple Present Tense

SECTION 1.B.3 Uses and Formation of ‘ Have’ in Simple Past Tense

TENSE: CHAPTER 4 C- STUCTURE AND USE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE( HAD)-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON

TENSE: CHAPTER 4 C- STUCTURE AND USE OF 'HAVE' IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE( HAD)-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON

HAVE in Past Tense is used for having possessions

( in concrete / abstract form) in Past 

 

Example – I had a lot of beautiful plants in my garden.

                   She had a lot of peace.

                   Had you good harvesting land at that time ?   

 How to use

In Simple Past only HAD 

as an Auxiliary Verb will be used with 

each kind of subject

How to use HAD  in a  Simple Past Tense –

I PERSON – Singular / Plural  – HAD

II Person – Singular / Plural  –  HAD

III PERSON- Singular – HAD 

III PERSON Plural – HAD

Contracted Form

 Had Not – hadn’t

Structure of Affirmative Sentence –

Subject+ had + complement 

Example- Sunita had a very nice sapling yesterday.

                 You had my lunch box.

                 I had many jasmine plants in my garden.

                 We had some watermelons last evening.

Structure of Negative Sentence- 

Subject+ had + not  + complement

Example- Shivani had not any nice shirts last month.

                  She had  my mobile number.

NOTE: We can replace NOT with NO only in a condition 

when there in no use of DETERMINER before the

 noun and after has/have.

Example:- 

You had not my ring. ( My- Possessive Determiner. )

You had no ring of mine. 

She had not any happiness in her life. ( Any- Quantifier Determiner )

She has no happiness in her life.  

 

Structure of Interrogative Sentences- 

Type-1

Had + subject+  complement

Example-

            Had you my watch yesternight ?.

            Had she some satisfaction?

             Had Priyanshu any problem with test ?

 Type-2

Structure of Interrogative Sentence- 

W family word + had +  subject ++ complement

Example-

Why had he your phone yesterday ?

When had he his sleep yesterday ?

Type 3

How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ had

+ Subject  + Complement

Example-

               How many apples had you in your basket?

               How much coffee had you in your coffee mug?

               Which colour pen had you in your pencil box?

Interrogative Negative 

The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives

 are almost the same, 

we only need to add NOT  after the Subject

 …….. had + subject + not +  complement

Example-

                Had you not my mobile recently?

                Why had you not any good book  by

                last week?

                How many books had you not in your library ?  

NOTE: But in Contracted Form , we 

will place NOT (hadn’t )

before the subject

Example:- 

Why hadn’t you colours in your drawing test today?

How many pens hadn’t you in your box ?

 

UNDERSTAND WITH CONVERSATION

Simran: So, Ruchi, you were saying that you had a beautiful jasmine plant last month
Ruchi: Yes, Simran.
Simran: What happened to that?
Ruchi: Actually, I hadn’t a proper place and environment for it at that time. So it withered away.
Simran: Oh, that’s sad.
Ruchi: Hadn’t you any other arrangements?
Simran: No, I hadn’t. But by next month, we’ll have a beautiful farmhouse near my village home. Then I’ll have a lot of space to plant several plants of my choice.
Ruchi: Yes, of course. Congratulations on your new farm house.
Simran. Thanks a bunches , Ruchi.

 

But- Will have ???

Yes –

because in the NEXT CHAPTER, we are going to learn.
THE USE AND STRUCTURE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE

Learn with Video tutorial 

PREVIOUS LESSONS

From the study point of view, I have categorized the lesson of TENSE into 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of the main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a . There

b.  It

III. Use of the Main form of the verb.

TAP THE LINKS BELOW FOR PREVIOUS PARTS 

SEC TION 1.a.1Simple Present Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.2  I. Simple Past Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.3  I. Simple Future Tense ( without the use of the main verb

SECTION 1.b.1 DIFFERENT USES OF HAVE

SECTION 1.b.2 Uses and Formation of ‘Have’ in Simple Present Tense

 

TENSE: CHAPTER 4 B-STRUCTURE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE PRESENT-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON​

TENSE: CHAPTER 4 B- STUCTURE AND USE OF 'HAVE' IN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (HAS/HAVE)-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON

So in the previous lesson of Tense ,

we learnt  FIVE DIFFERENT USES OF ‘HAVE’.

In this part, we’ll understand the structure of

HAVE in Simple Present Tense

HAVE in Simple Present Tense is used for showing  possessions

in Present ( in concrete / abstract form) .

Example – I have a golden pen.

                   She has not your notebook.

                   Have you an extra blue pen ?   

                   I have mental peace now.

How to use

How to use HAVE  in a  Simple Present  Tense –

I PERSON – Singular / Plural  – have

II Person – Singular / Plural  –  have

III PERSON- Singular – has

III PERSON Plural – have

Contracted Form

 Has Not – hasn’t

Have Not – haven’t

Structure of Affirmative Sentence-

Subject+ has/have + complement 

Example- Ravita has my ring.

                 You have my lunch box..

                 I have your paint brush.

                 We have peace now finally.  

Structure of Negative Sentence- 

Subject+ has/have +  not + complement

Example- Shivani has not any  happiness today.

                  She has not my mobile number.

NOTE: We can replace NOT with NO only in a condition 

when there in no use of DETERMINER before the

 noun and after has/have.

Example:- 

You have not my ring. ( My- Possessive Determiner. )

You have no ring of mine. 

She has not any peace. ( Any- Quantifier Determiner )

She has no peace. 

Structure of Interrogative Sentences- 

Type-1

Has/Have  + subject+  complement

Example-

             Have you my watch ?.

             Has she some peace now?

             Has Anshu any problem?

 Type-2

Structure of Interrogative Sentence- 

‘ W family ‘ word + has/have +  subject ++ complement

Example-

Why has he your phone?

Who has faith in me? 

Type 3

How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ has/have 

+ Subject  + Complement

Example-

               How many apples have you in your basket?

               How much coffee have you in your coffee mug?

               Which colour pen have you in your pencil box?

Interrogative Negative 

The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives are almost the same, 

we only need to add ‘ NOT’ after the Subject

 …….. has/have + subject + not +  —–

Example-

                Have you not my mobile?

                Why have you not any good book ?

                How many books have you not in your library ?   

NOTE: But in Contracted Form , we 

will place NOT (hasn’t/haven’t)

before the subject

Example:-

Haven’t you my book just with you ?

Why haven’t your book with you today?

UNDERSTAND WITH CONVERSATION

Simran: Wow ! you have so good plants in your garden.
Ruchi: Oh, thank you so much, Simran.
Simran: Have you jasmine plants as well Ruchi?
Ruchi: Sorry, I haven’t.
Simran: Oh, that’s sad.
Ruchi: Have you Simran?

Simran No, But I had one by last month. 

 

Had ???? But the use of HAVE is going on in Simple Present.
Yes- because in the NEXT CHAPTER, we are going to learn.
THE USE AND STRUCTURE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE

From the study point of view, I have categorized the lesson of TENSE into 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of the main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a . There

b.  It

III. Use of the Main form of the verb.

TAP THE LINKS BELOW FOR PREVIOUS PARTS 

SEC TION 1.a.1Simple Present Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.2  I. Simple Past Tense ( without the use of the main verb)

SECTION 1.a.3  I. Simple Future Tense ( without the use of the main verb

SECTION 1.b.1 DIFFERENT USES OF HAVE

 
 
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