FEW A FEW THE FEW: LITTLE A LITTE THE LITTLE: QUANTIFIERS PART (D) SMALL QUANTITY QUANTIFIERS

Few , a Few , The few, Little , A Little , The Little are

Few, a Few, The few, Little, A Little, The Little are the quantifiers that express the small quantity.

‘Few’ expresses about countable

‘Little’ expresses about uncountable

Examples

There have left only a few plants in my garden. I need to grow more. ( countable )

Ma’am, there has left only a little water in my water bottle. May I

fetch more? ( uncountable)

The difference among FEW , A FEW , THE FEW

Few – is used for numbers

 

FEW –  hardly enough/ not many

A FEW- shows a small number

THE FEW – Whatever is the number

Examples

Nkita, I have forgotten my all the pencils colours at my home.

Can you lend me please ?

Oh Unnati , don’t worry I have a few. They will serve your purpose.

                                                                                              ( Positive Tone )

Means She is having some,

                            OR

Oh, Unnati, I am sorry, I myself have few ones. Please ask someone else.

                                                                                                ( Negative Tone )

She is having almost none.

 

THE FEW- Whatever is the number

The few students of class 8th, are present in the online class today.

The few apples hanging over in my garden, have been fallen down due to rough weather.

Little- is used for quantity

Little-   hardly enough/ not much

A Little- shows a small quantity

Examples:-

My bike has run out of petrol. Can you lend me some ?

Oh sure, I have a little . you can share with me .

(Positive Tone)

                               OR

I, myself, have a little. Let’s move together to petrol pump

 & get our bikes filled together.

THE FEW- Whatever is the quantity/ amount

The few students of class 8th , are present in online class today.

The few appless hanging over in my my garden , have been

fallen down due to rough weather.

Little- is used for quantity

Little-   hardly enough/ not much

A Little- shows a small quantity

Examples:-

My bike has run out of petrol. Can you lend me some ?

Oh sure, I have a little . you can share with me .

Ot

I , myself, have a little. Let’s move together to petrol pump

 & get our bikes filled together.

THE FEW- Whatever is the quantity/ amount

The little time I had to complete my project , has been wasted in chatting with my friends.

I poured out the little energy I had to win this race.

The little tea I had in my cup has been poured out.

 

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOME AND ANY: QUANTIFIERS 4 ( C)

SOME VS ANY

                                                           Uses of Some & Any

Uses of Some

 

‘Some’ IS used in Plural Countable & Uncountable

Plural Countable-

Examples

I have only some plants in my garden.

He has only some apples in his basket.

I need some more days to complete this project.

Uncountables- 

Exapmles

He has left some soup in his bowl. Serve him more.

I have left some money in my pocket.

I like to listen to some light music.

‘Some’ can be used in Negatives also when the expected answer is – YES

Example

Have you left some chocolates for me also?

Has he some good ideas ? I really need his help. 

You are looking tired. Would you like to have some coffee?

I have left my colour pencils at home. Can you lend me some, please?

( You are asking from your friend )

 

Uses of Any

 

In general ‘Any’ is used with negative or Interrogative sentences:-

 

Any is used in negative When we have to show something doesn’t exist or we don’t possess something.

Exapmles

I don’t have any pen right now. Please ask someone else.

I have left my wallet at home. So I don’t have any money right now.

Any is used in Interrogavtives  

When the expected answer is NO

Sorry, I forgot my pens at home. Do you have any extra pen?

( When you ask from a strange or you are 99% confirmed that the next person would not help you)

But if the expected answer is NO, it can be used with Affirmative sentences also. 

Check if there is any money in your wallet

I doubt whether he is having anyone with him.  

I hope if I would be able to get any prize at the Annual Function. 

Note :

You can easily recognize such sentences with the phrases :-

I hope…

I think…

I doubt…

QUANTIFIERS PART 4 ( B )

NEUTRAL,LARGE AND SMALL QUANTIFIERS

As in the previous part, we studied the kinds of

Quantifiers, here we are going to have a detailed study of

Quantifiers-

 

Neutral:-

Several :- ( a number of/ more than two but not many )

                  I have several novels of Charles Dickens in my small library.

                   Ruchi has not  several kinds of flowers in her garden.

Enough : ( as much/as many as required)

                   I have enough contacts to ask for help.

                   You have enough money to buy what you want.

A number of :  ( more than two but fewer than many)   

                  There are a number of easy questions . You can solve the first easy ones.

                  A number of students joined the online class.

Some:- Some expresses quantity / numbers in a positive tone.

                  I have some water in my glass.

                  I saw some bunches of grapes hanging down the tree.

Note :- sometimes we use some in a negative tone also.   

Large Quantity –

Numerous:-  great in number

There are numerous examples of failures in Grammar

who took the subject so easy.

We saw numerous beautiful birds in the Ghana Bird Sanctuary.

large or sufficient amount or quantity; more than enough.

Plenty

Due to pandemic, you have plenty of time to work on your creativity.

A lot of/ lots of :

 a large  amount of (things, people, etc.)

There was a lot of crowd in the stadium.

He has eaten a lot of chocolates. Don’t give him any more.

Note

‘Lots of’ is used for Informa English

While a lot if is used in Formal English.

Much / Many

Much for quantity (uncountable nouns)

All the teachers take much pain to teach the students online. 

Much happiness don’t suits to some people many times.

Many– – for counting (countable nouns)

I have brought many beautiful boxes of colours for you.

Many enchanting flowers were blooming in my garden.

Too much / Too many:

Excess of situations to handle r/ excess of quantity not need much (more than enough)

We sometimes spend too much time chasing our dreams and in the end, find nothing.

We got too many calls after the accident that became hard to handle.

Small Quantity

Few, a few. the few- talks about the small number.

Little, a little, the little – talk about small quantity.

 

I have a few flowers blooming in my garden.

The little water I had in my glass had been poured out.

The detailed study of Small Quantifiers will be explained soon in the next part.

QUIZ TIME

1. ________ labour has been done to accomplish this task.

Correct! Wrong!

2. I have _____ good ideas to solve this problem. Should I share with you ?

Correct! Wrong!

3. I have _______ plans to work on this project . But nobody wants to help me.

Correct! Wrong!

4. How _____ questions have you solved till now?

Correct! Wrong!

5. I have ______ food in my plate. I need not more now.

Correct! Wrong!

6. ______ cheating chits in his pencil box became the reason of his punishment.

Correct! Wrong!

7.You are my real supporter. In future ,ask me ____ help if you need from me.

Correct! Wrong!

QUANTIFIER : DETERMINER PART 4 (A)

QUANTIFIER

Definition

Quantifiers are the types of determiners used before a noun to show the quantity of any person, place or thing.

Quantifiers are studied under two parts:-

  1. As Indefinite Adjectives
  2. As Other Adjectives

Quantifiers are divided mainly into 3 groups:-

  1. Neutral
  2. Large Quantity
  3. Small Quantity
  1. Neutral: All the things or persons whose quantity is small and large both are shown with the Large Quantity Quantifiers.
  2. Large: All the things or persons whose quantity is very large,  are shown with Large Quantity Quantifiers.
  1. Small: All the things or persons whose quantity is very small, are shown with Small Quantity Quantifiers.
 

According to their usage, they are again divided into 3 parts:

   1.Affirmative

  1. Negative
  2. Interrogative

You can understand it thoroughly by the following chart

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How Successful People Spend the First Hour of the Day (7 Best Morning Routines)

POSSESSIVE DETERMINER / POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

POSSESSIVE DETERMINERS / ADJECTIVES

Possessive Adjective

Possessives – the word has been derived from the word POSSESSIONS meaning of which is TO OWE SOMETHING.

Thus “The person or thing that has right on anyone or anything is called Possessive.”

i.e. Possessives are the words that show whom the thing or person belongs to

Possessive Adjective/ Determiners

“The words used before the nouns that show the ownership on something/someone are called Possessive Adjective.”

  • It is MY pen.

       Means- This pen belongs to me.

  • is it YOUR water bottle ?

   Means-  ( Does this bottle belong to you?)

  • Where are THEIR notebooks?

      ( Where are the books that belong to them?

The basic feature of Possessive

  1. It is used in place of a noun.

 e.g. Whose pen is this?

      This is Ankit’s pen.

      Suppose Ankit is standing in front of you. 

      You will say by pointing out Ankit that ” It is his pen.” 

      so here the word HIS has been replaced with 

      the noun-Ankit.

2. The Possessive Adjective is always used before the noun.

3. It informs us whom the things belong to.

4. It can be placed as a complement of the verb or as a Subjective case.

e.g. It is my purse. (Complement of a verb)

Is- verb

my – complement  

     (My) purse is on the table. (the subject of a verb)

is- Verb

My Purse-  subject 

A Possessive adjective can be divided into Singular and Plural in the following way- 

 

HIs- for a boy

Her- for a girl

Its- non-living/ideas

My- I Person

Your – Singular / Plural- II Person

Our- Plural- I Person

Their- III Person

‘ Your’  is used as a Singular and Plural also

Demonstrative: What is a Demonstrative Determiner? Demonstrative Determiners with exercises: Use of THIS THAT THESE THOSE

DEMONSTRATIVE DETERMINER

Demonstrative is a word that has been derived from the Latin word DEMONSTRARE that means to ‘show something clearly.’

Thus we can say:-

 

” Demonstrative are the words that point out the ones referred to.”

There are four kinds of Demonstrative-

  • This
  • That
  • These
  • Those

THIS
THIS points out the things, persons or
ideas that are very close to us.

Example- This marker is mine.
(Means – The marker is very close to the person who is pointing it out.)
This book is not yours.
(Means the book  is very close to the

 person who is pointing out.)
This idea is better than that one.
( This idea – the idea that is going on in the mind  right now.)
Were you asking about this boy?
(Means the boy is very close to the speaker.)

In precise, we can notice that we are talking about the things
or ideas that are very close to us.

THAT

That talks about the things, persons, or ideas that are very far from us.

Example
That book is not mine.
(Means- The book is very far from the person who is pointing it out.)

That idea didn’t really work.
(Means- The idea is in the distant memory of the speaker)
My bag is better than that of yours.
(Means- The bag is very far from the person who is pointing it out.)
Your book is heavier than that of mine
(Means- The book is far from the speaker)

So we can simply say that the person, things, or ideas
that have been mentioned in the above sentences
are either far from the speaker or in his distant memories.

THESE-

Plural of This

‘These’ actually  talk s about many persons, things, or ideas that
are very close to us.
Example

These grapes are very sour. I can’t eat them.
Where are you these days?
Can you suggest to me some more plans than these?

THOSE-

Plural of That

That talks about many things,  persons,  things or ideas that area a 
little or very far from the speaker.

Example

Those clocks never give the correct time.
These plants are bigger than those.
Those ideas just really didn’t work.

So these are some usage of demonstratives.

DETERMINERS: INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS A DETERMINER IN GRAMMAR? 8 KINDS OF DETERMINERS

DETERMINERS

Definitions:-

 ‘ A Determiner is a word  that  identifies  a noun in some  or another way.’

To precise – It tells something about a Noun or describes a Noun.

Example:-

  • It is your pen.

     Pen – Noun

     My – Determiner

   ( ‘my’  is giving  information  about 

    a Noun ( Pen)

  • There are some books in the library.
    Books – Noun
    Some- Determiner

         ‘some’ is telling something about

         the books ( Noun) in the library.

 

Kinds of Determiners

There are total 8 kinds of Determiners

  1. Demonstrative
  2. Possessive
  3. Distributive
  4. Quantifiers
  5. Interrogatives
  6. Ordinals
  7. Cardinals
  8. Articles

QUIZ

1. Determiner is known as an ___________ also.

Correct! Wrong!

2. Determiner is a word that tells something about a ________

Correct! Wrong!

3. Determiner is always used ____ a noun.

Correct! Wrong!

4. Determiner is also used before the ______ that describes a noun.

Correct! Wrong!

5. The one who sleeps for long hours is often called as ‘the Kumbhakaran’. Here Kumbhakaran is –

Correct! Wrong!

6. Tell the Determiners in the following sentence- ” Those flowers in your garden are really very nice.”

Correct! Wrong!

Questions of Determiners can always be framed with-

Correct! Wrong!

CORONAVIRUS COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS- NEW COVID 19 VOCABULARY WORDS OF 2020 ADDED IN OXFORD DICTIONARY

COVID 19 INSPIRED WORDS

With all the ups and downs in our lives and making our lives hell, COVID 19  has gifted OXFORD DICTIONARY some new words. You will find here some words resembling the old words and at the same time, you will notice some words never used before. After the meanings of the words, I have added here one quiz also so that you could learn the meanings of the words more properly.

Following are the words that have been added in the Oxford Dictionary-

  1. QUARANTINI

       – a cocktail typically drunk during  the self-isolation

         ex – Payal was advised to keep on     

               having QUARANTINI  to recover 

               herself soon from this 

              killing disease.

 

  1. COVIDIOT 

       – someone who ignores health

         advice about COVID 19

        ex-  Arun never wears a mask 

         while leaving his home. He is

         really a COVIDIOT.

 

  1. ZUMP 

    – be dumped via zoom during 

      quarantine/ be careless while 

       having  online classes.

     ex- Most of the students used 

     ZUMP during online classes.

 

  1. SPENDEMIC

    – a tendency of doing over online 

      shopping during lockdown

      ex. The virus of ‘being spendemic’ 

      entered into our homes more fastly than         the virus of COVID 19. 

 

  1. SOCIAL BUBBLES

      -the practice of having a safe 

       distance in order to prevent to 

       spread of the disease

 

      ex- Dear students, try to be 

      social bubbles in your classrooms 

      in order to prevent yourselves 

     from the attack of a new virus.

QUIZ : CHECK HOW MUCH YOU HAVE LEARNT

A cocktail typically drunk during the self-isolation

Correct! Wrong!

A tendency of doing over online shopping during lockdown

Correct! Wrong!

The practice of having a safe distance in order to prevent to spread the disease

Correct! Wrong!

Be dumped via zoom during quarantine/ be careless while having online classes. Most of the students used to ZUMP during online classes.

Correct! Wrong!

Someone who ignores health advice about COVID 19

Correct! Wrong!

COVID INSPIRED WORDS
YOUR SCORE

Share your Results:

Which word/words did you like the most,please mention in the comment box below-

THE PROPOSAL QUIZ CLASS 10TH ENGLISH PLAY

THE PROPOSAL (QUIZ)

The Propsal (Extract)
0%

1. Who is the speaker of the above extract ?

Correct! Wrong!

2. Who is the listener _____

Correct! Wrong!

3. The real purpose of the visitor is to______

Correct! Wrong!

4. The listener thinks that the visitor has come with a request of asking____

Correct! Wrong!

The title ‘ The Proposal ‘ used for the play ,has been used in a sense of-

Correct! Wrong!

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