COMPREHENSION PASSAGE 5 : ( R.N.TAGORE )

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  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
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RABINDRANATH TAGORE

1. Rabindra Nath Tagore raised the stature of our country in the eyes of the world. A versatile genius, a literary artist, an educator, a composer, a singer, an actor, R.N. Tagore had all gifts of Nature and Fortune in his favours. Born in a renowned Hindu family, RN. Tagore pleaded not only for concord with the past but also for freedom from the past. All healthy growth needs continuity and change. We are not free unless our minds are liberated from dead forms, tyrannical restrictions and crippling social habits. Tagore condemned the corruption of many of our social practices. He believed that the essence of life was a perpetual renewal and are dedicated to self-development.

2. R.N. Tagore did not live in an ivory tower. He lad a procession in 1905 through the streets of Calcutta, singing his song, “Are you so mighty as to cut as under the bond forged by Providence?” Millions of voices have sung the National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”, calling upon us to nourish the unity of our country and be devoted to it. He was not only a playwright but a novelist and storyteller, a nationalist and an internationalist. And if these activities were not enough, he turned towards painting at the end of his life. He rejected traditional canons and experimented with new forms and colour compositions. We honour him not only for this many-sided genius but also for the guidance for his life and work in this troubled world. Rabindra Nath Tagore’s mission was one of reconciliation between East and West in a spirit of understanding and mutual enlightenment. For India unity is Truth and division is Evil.  The poet’s name is symbolic of the light of the day. The sun which dispels the mist of darkness, the clouds of suspicion and restores health to the human system.

3. Though his work was rooted in Indian soil, his mind ranged over the wide world and hence had a universal appeal. Rabindra Nath Tagore’s many writings have been translated into many languages, but even the best translations do not bring out the music and the melody or the force of the original. As Rabindra Nath Tagore was born at a difficult stage when India was in a revolutionary mood, he participated in the movement revolting against social, political and religious institutions. He was all the time convinced of the validity and the vitality of the fundamental ideals set forth by the seers and saints of India. Tagore’s philosophy was one of wholeness and unity. He was not a dreamer or a visionary. He kept a constant vigil over the world. He was a great sentinel as Gandhi called him. The more health of a nation depended on the inspiration the people derived from their poet’s and artists. Asceticism Rabindra Nath Tagore means self-control and not abstention from world activities. Very early in his life when he was seventeen, he had the need to control his emotions. He was not an unworldly saint. He had tough earthly quality. The ideals of social life, economic pursuits and the enjoyment of beauty should be cultivated equally. Water surrounds the lotus flower but does not wet its petals. Even so, human beings should work in this world without being affected by it.

4. Tagore himself was a harmonious man in whom there was a happy blend of contemplation and action. For Tagore, as for Gandhi the measure of man’s greatness is not his material possessions but the truth in him which is universal. His voice was the conscience of our age. He bequeathed to the country and the world a life which had no littleness about it.

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: DAY 4:(VEGETARIANISM)

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  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
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  • My faith in vegetarianism grew on me from day to day. Salt’s book whetted my appetite for dietetic studies. I went in for all books available on vegetarianism and read them. One of these, Howard William’s ‘The Ethics of Diet’ was a biographical history of the literature of humane dietetics from the earliest period to the present day. It tried to make out that all philosophers and prophets from Pythagoras and Jesus dawn to those of the present age were vegetarians. Dr Anna Kingsford’s ‘  The Perfect Way ‘ in Diet was also an attractive book. Dr Allinson’s writing on health and hygiene were like ways very helpful. He advocated a curative system based on the regulation of the dietary patients. Himself a vegetarian, he prescribed for his patients also a strict vegetarian diet. The result of reading all this literature was that dietetic experiments came to take an important place in my life. Health was the principal consideration of these experiments, to begin with. But later on, religion became the supreme motive. 

2. Meanwhile, my friend had not ceased to worry about me.  His love for me led him to think that, if I persisted in my objections to meat-eating, I should not only develop a weak constitution but should remain a duffer because I should never feel at home in English society. When he came to know that I had begun to interest myself in books on vegetarianism, he was afraid lest these studies should muddle my had, that I should fritter my life away in experiments, forgetting my own work, and become a crank. He, therefore, made one last effort to reform me. He one day invited me to go to the theatre. Before the play, we were to dine together at the Holborn Restaurant, to be a palatial place and the first big restaurant I had been to since leaving the Victoria Hotel. The stay at that hotel had scarcely been a helpful experience, for I had not lived there with my wits about me. The friend had planned to take me to this restaurant evidently imagine that modesty would forbid any questions. And it was a very big company of dinners in the midst of which my friend and I sat sharing a table between us. The first course was soup. I wondered what it might be made of, but dare not ask the friend about it. I, therefore, summoned the waiter. My friend saw the movement and sternly asked across the table what was the matter. With considerable hesitation, I told him that I wanted to inquire if the soup was a vegetable soup. ‘You are too clumsy for decent society; he passionately exclaimed, ‘If you cannot behave yourself, you had better go. Feed-in some other restaurant and await me outside.’ This delighted me. Out I went. There was a vegetarian restaurant close by but it was closed. So I went without food that night. I accompanied my friend to the theatre, but he never said a word about the scene I had created. On my part of course there was nothing to say.

3. That was the last friendly tussle we had. It did not affect our relationship in the least. I could see and appreciate the love by which all my friend’s efforts were actuated, and my respect for him was all the greater on account of our differences in thought and action. But I decided that I should put him at ease; that I should assure him that I would be clumsy no more but try to become polished and make up for my vegetarianism by cultivating other accomplishments which fitted one for polite society. And for this purpose, I undertook the all too impossible task of becoming an English gentleman.

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY 6: (Endangered Species)

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  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
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NOTE: KINDLY START YOUR PRACTICE WITH DAY 1

1. Did you know that the Asiatic Elephant, The Tiger, The Cheetah, The Arabian Onyx, The Okapi and The Magnificent Andean Condor are among the world’s most endangered species?

2. What is an endangered species? Endangered species are animals or plants that will soon die out. Many animals and plants became endangered or extinct each year. Recently, however, the rate of their dying out has increased dramatically. It is estimated that 27,000 species became extinct each year, about 3 an hour, Since 1996, scientists have added the following species to the list of endangered species.

Name of Endangered SpeciesTypes
Birds1,108
Mammals1,096
Fish0734
Reptiles253
Amphibians124
Endangered Species

3. What makes them endangered?  There are many reasons that can cause a species of animals or plants to become endangered or even extinct. To accommodate the increasing human population more and more land is taken away from these animals or plants. With the little amount of land these animals or plants have, food sources become scarce. Sometimes animals or plants can’t adapt to the limited space they now have and die. Animals and plants also become endangered because of the chemicals people use. Hunting and trading are other reasons that threaten the lives of many innocent living creatures. Lastly, pollution is another huge factor causing these animals or plants to become endangered. You might ask what one lone individual can do. But even one person can make a difference. 

4. First of all, try to not waste natural resources, Recycle your garbage. By recycling, you’re helping to save many trees from being cut down for paper. These trees then can remain as homes for many animals or plants in the wild. Keep your neighbourhood clean. These can prevent any accidental death of animals or plants. Don’t buy any product that comes from animals.  If you can, contribute to organizations that help to protect wildlife. Last and the most important, is to learn about these creatures.

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE DAY 3 (TFT)

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1. Do you suffer from love pain? If you do, then talk therapy is passe. If it’s the emotional freedom you’re looking for, thought therapy will relieve you of emotional distress. Ask Michael Lavin, Vice President of Organizational Behaviour Effectiveness in Chicago, who vouches for Thought-field Therapy (TFT) or the emotional freedom technique to get rid of fear, pain and phobias. As Lavin says: “Talking does help to lighten up and relax but it can take tears to get rid of a psychological problem. Sessions with the psychiatrist can stretch up to many hours. And it may be a long time before an individual comes to terms with his reality. But through the Thought-Field Therapy, the positive energy flow brings balance in thought and reduces pain”.

2. As a member of the Chicago Psychological Association and Chicago Department of Mental Health, he’s conducted courses in social educational and organizational psychology to make his clients emotionally Independent’ and strong. TFT, which works on the principle of Needle-less acupuncture, has given him quite a following. He makes you tap on the energy meridians  (based on the acupuncture principle) that control other body parts. Like the area under the eyebrow balances the energy flow in the gall bladder. Says Lavin: “While Tapping, you have to focus on a particular thought. Tapping on various meridian centres of the body leads to an uninterrupted energy flow.”

3. His technique is simple. He used the scientific technique based on cognitive psychology, Quantum Physics and clinical kinesiology. Lavin has been interacting with other psychotherapists and will be holding workshops on the TFT. Says he: “A good thought can be locked in your mind, all you have to do input your legs apart and heels together,- think of something positive, the good thought is locked in your mind through the memory of the meridians”.

4. This is also known as electric psychotherapy, Lavin adds. At the University of Florida, it was found that most patients with post-traumatic stress disorder, rape victims, and tortured war prisoners who couldn’t forget their trauma even after talk Therapy, benefits from Thought- Field Therapy. If you are mourning the loss of someone close, the pain can be immense, it sometimes takes months to overcome bereavement, but I’ve treated my patients in the first week of their grief period. That’s what they call The Healing Touch.

NOTE: The original spelling of Meridians has been derived from a Latin word Meridies so the writer of the passage has taken it as it is.

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COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: DAY 2 (Reading)

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  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witinin 20min
  • From day 2 to day 6 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 7 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
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NOTE: If you are visiting here 1st time, kindly start with passage 1

   

  1. By absolute standards, people are slow readers. Yet, they differ widely in reading rate. Some gulp books by taking in a hundred words or more with in a minute; others plod along through week or more. However, there is nothing to proof that slow readers retained and comprehend the reading matter better.
  2. Now, it is a fact that the reading rate can be improved by exercise. During, The Second World  War, British, psychologists developed a technique (aircraft-spotter classes) by which people could be taught to identify enemy air-planes in an instant. Thousands of English men could spot a German plane from a faint a silhouette at a glance which helped save countless lives and launch retaliatory air-stories. This prompted some investigators to look for techniques that would teach people to read faster. For the first time this was done at Harvard University in the United States after the Second World War, and classes were organised for business wishing to learn fast reading. Now, such classes are conducted at many factories, offices, firms in many countries.
  3. A widely held opinion is that when a person reads, his eyes sweep smoothly across the page. Actually, during an hour of continuous reading, his eyes remain fixed for an average of 57 minutes and only move, in the remaining three minutes. The greater the number of words the reader can cover during a stop and the better he comprehends them, the faster the reading. Precisely this goal is sought in training people to read fast. With appropriate techniques and simple gadgets ( like a tachistoscope, or phase-flasher), your reading rate can be stepped up five to ten times or even more.
  4. It appears that fast reading should be started at school when children have not yet picked up bad reading habits ( especially subvocalizing), that is the tendency to form words with their local chords. It is a well known fact that a drawing, a diagram or a photography will usually carry more information then a printed text taking up the same area. A person grasps this graphic information all at a time. This ability is mainly utilized in technical publications, but not to the full extent yet. In all probability, a happy combination of printed text and graphic matter can be found for each glass of information and for each bracket of readers to give a maximum rate of information input to a person’s brain. Coupled with fast reading, this may raise the rate of information input tens or even hundreds of times which should be most welcome in the modern times of information explosion.

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TIME AND TIDE WAIT FOR NONE vs TIME AND TIDE WAITS FOR NONE

  1. Bread and butter is my only breakfast.

2. Slow and steady always wins the race.

3.  Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy wealthy and wise.

 These are some of the examples that present a single idea. See one more example. 

4. Rice and curry is my favourite dish.

So now the matter is -if we see ‘Time and tide’ as a single idea, grammatically WINS must be the correct answer.  But because it is a proverb, it was said only as ‘ Time and Tide WAIT for none.’ So proverbs are always taken as they are-

( The proverb is originally taken from the year 1225. Certified to St. Mather.

The origin is uncertain, although it’s clear that the phrase is ancient and that it predates modern English. The earliest known record is from St. Marher, 1225:

“And te tide and te time þat tu iboren were, schal beon iblescet.” ( German)

A version in modern English – “the tide abides for, tarrieth for no man, stays no man, tide nor time tarrieth no man” evolved into the present-day version.)
So finally was translated it into modern English again. Might be the one who translated it , had kept the rules in mind ( taking Time and Tide separately not as a single unity ) that’s why use of verb 1 came into the use of this proverb.)

 We can’t apply grammatical rules when it comes to the matter of Proverbs. So in this sense – we have to accept it as ‘ Time and tide wait for none ‘

Still Grammatically the sentence ‘ Time and tide waits for none, is also acceptable. 

So in a sense, both the sentences are correct.  Now it depends on you how you wish to speak it.  

And as far as I understand, due to having controversy in the sentences, in the examination, this question might not be asked from you or they might not give you the options that might violate one another.  

Hope this article has been useful for you.  Still, if you wish to say anything, kindly leave your positive thoughts and reviews.

Thank You!

QUIZ: SUBJECT VERB CONCORD

QUIZ 1

QUIZ 2

A THIEF’S STORY

INCLUDES 2 QUIZZED

QUIZ 1

[H

QUIZ 2

Comprehension Passage Day 1 : (Strike)

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  • Starting 1st day passage must be completed witin 20 min
  • From day 2 to day 7 the time limit will be set for 15 min only
  • And finally from day 8 to day 10 time limit will be set only for 10 min
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What is new yesterday, becomes absolute today. Everything moves at a fast pace. But strangely enough students’ strikes have not changed a wee bit. Maybe because of the fact that out of about 3000, students in a college, only a handful come equipped with books, notebooks or a pen. 2. The only perceptible change is that a majority of them come on expensive motorbikes and quite a few carry mobiles in their hands.

3. Small wonder that whatever any small group of so-called leaders persuades these time-pass students to go on strikes, maybe on as flimsy an issue as that of the size of a samosa in the canteen, they readily oblige.

4. In fact, just a few “hay-hay” calls are sufficient to gather a number of giggling groups that soon turn into a mob.

5. Let us have a closer look at the student agitation that has rocked City Colleges now for weeks.

6. A recent few hikes and alleged disparity in fund collection among local Colleges affiliated to Punjab University is reported to be the “immediate cause”.

7. Its immediacy can well be gauged from the fact that the first instalment of the hiked fee was deposited by students a few months ago without a moan!

8. Waste of valuable teaching time apart, a few ill-advised students went to resorting to self-inflicting violence for the “cause.” All this led to a volatile situation that embarrassed the university authorities, being the venue of the strike.

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9. The situation eased temporarily after the intervention of politicians who met the authorities that be and issued high sounding statements in favour of the student of the community.

10. Fund, fee or samosa, whatever the issue, the student community should realise that while losing valuable paid learning time they cannot justify their demand for reducing the alleged financial fee/ fund hike.

11. Before asking for concessions or fee fund reduction, they should grab what they have already paid for. It is high time that they ask for more teaching hours than what is stipulated for them. Paying for 100 lectures and asking for 65 is simply a ridiculous demand and not worth a strike.

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