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USE OF ‘ HAVE’ DIFFERENT USES CHAPTER 4-A TENSE

First, read the conversation carefully and try to

understand different uses of HAVE in different ways:- 

 

Surabh: Bro, Have you seen a pen? I had just

                kept here on this table.

Gaurav: No, I haven’t. Don’t you have another pen?

Saurabh: Well, I have but that was not mine.

                I had to return it to my friend.

Gaurav:  Oh, I see! Don’t worry. You have just returned.

                 Have something first.

Saurabh: No, I won’t have anything unless I find the pen. 

Gaurav:   OK, fine. Just have a nap. When you awake,

                 we both will search for it together. 

Surabh:   OK, thank you, bro. 

DIFFERENT USES OF HAVE

‘ HAVE ‘ HAS THREE MAIN USES:-

I. In a Sense of Possession

II. Replacement with Main Verb.

III. Emphasizing the Abstract Nouns 

IV. Auxiliary Verb of Perfect Tense

V. When shows Compulsion  

 

I. In a sense of Possession

HAVE is used in a sense of  Possession in

 three different ways in different sentences. 

It is categorized in the following ways as

different forms of verbs:-

a. As a Helping Verb

b. In an Essay Writing

c. As the Main Verb

 

a. As a Helping Verb

I have a pen.

Have you my pen?

Yes, I have your pen.

b. In an Essay Writing

The cow has four legs.

The dog has two eyes.

c. As a Main Verb

  Do you have my pen ?

  Yes , I have your pen.

  Yes, I do have your pen.

II. Replacement with the Main Verb

There are four Verbs that are replaced with HAVE, because their use with HAVE sounds better. Moreover, the use of such verbs directly leaves sometimes very awkward impression. So it is supposed better to replace those action verbs with HAVE

These verbs are:-

a. Eat

b. Drink

c. Take

d. Keep

a. EAT

I EAT 2 apples daily.

I HAVE two apples daily.

b. DRINK

I drink a glass of milk each night before sleeping.

I HAVE a glass of milk each night before sleeping.

Remember:

Drink is often used in a sense of having alcohol .

As a result, doesn’t leave a very good impression. So ,

it’s always better to use HAVE for ‘ drinking water or

drinking any  beverage.

c. TAKE

You can TAKE  my pen .

You can HAVE  my pen.

d. KEEP

You always KEEP your home clean.

You always HAVE your home clean.

e. BATH/SHOWER

 Go and BATH . You have returned from a long journey. ( Verb )

 Go and HAVE bath. You have returned from a long journey. ( Noun)

NOTE: In sentence one BATH is a verb while in the second sentence BATH is used as a Noun.

III. AS AN AUXILIARY VERB FOR EMPHASIZING OR HIGHLIGHTING SOME ABSTRACT NOUNS

a. Sleep
b. Day
c. Time
d. Idea

e. Bath/Shower

Examples

I had a sound sleep yesternight.

I always have a good time with you.

I have a great day always whenever I am with my friends.

You always have some good ideas in your mind.

Go and have bath ,you’ll feel somewhat refreshed. 

IV. AUXILIARY VERB OF PERFECT TENSE

And the last one, HAVE is also used as helping verb of all the Perfect Tenses.

I HAVE worked vey hard to achieve this goal. 

( Present Perfect )

She HAD galloped all her pani puri before I saw her.

( Past Perfect)

Anshika will HAVE painted her glass pot by now. 

( Future Perfect )

V. For Showing Compulsion

I have to to school daily.

 I had to go with him as it was very urgent

She will have to go with me tomorrow.

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RELATED LESSONS

With the study point of view, I have categorized the lesson of TENSE in 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a .There

b.  It

III. Use of Main form of the verb.

 

TAP THE LINKS BELOW FOR PREVIOUS PARTS 

SEC TION 1.a.1Simple Present Tense ( without the use of main verb)

SECTION 1.a.2  I. Simple Past Tense ( without the use of main verb)

SECTION 1.a.3  I. Simple Future Tense ( without the use of main verb)

 
 

POEM: ERASE THE MEMORIES

ERASE THE MEMORIES

ERASE THE MEMORIES

Erase the memories
Bring immense pain
Each & every moment
In you.

 

Erase those never-ending guilts
You carry as a lifelong burden
Fettered your feet to
to step ahead

 

Sharpen your life with
The sharpener of hard labour
Tearing out the old unwanted pages
Colouring new ones

With beautiful shades.

 

Though some memories can
Never be erased
Some losses can never
Be compensate
As they have been penned
With a permanent marker.

 

Still take lessons from them
And start reading those
Memories in a positive tone
Passing them to
Coming generations
Brightening their future
With your life lessons.

POEM IN VIDEO

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: OPENING ANSWER BUDS

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: OPENING ANSWER BUDS

Answers

  1. Assam Bihar and U.P. are the states, lagging in achieving SDG.
  2. Lack of quality education can be one important reason for fewer SDG scores of Puducherry in comparison to Chandigarh.
  3. Following can be the reasons:-
  •  lack of clean water
  • sanitation problem
  • carelessness in preserving the ecosystem.
  • carelessness in the facilities in good health
  • dominance of inequalities.


. he last para proves if each state of India maintains, gender equality, and quality education, the day is not so far when each state in India would be able to achieve high Sustainable Development Growth and India would shine in the world.

  1. Ankita is a leggar in her class compared to other girls.

CASE BASED PASSAGE: HIMACHAL PRADESH

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions follow :-

1.Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have emerged as the front runners in the race to achieve key sustainable development goals (SDG) like removal of poverty and inequality, while Assam, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are the laggards in a ranking of states .

2. According to the SDG India Index, the nation as a whole has a score of 57, showing the country has reached a little beyond the half way mark in meeting the sustainable development goals. adopted by India and 192 other nations in 2015. The index covers 13 of the 17 sustainable development goals, including healthcare, gender equality, clean energy, infrastructure, education, peace and building strong, accountable institutions.


3.Himachal Pradesh ranks high with a similar overall score in providing clean water and sanitation, reducing inequalities and preserving the mountain ecosystem. Tamil Nadu has a score of 68. Among Union territories, Chandigarh takes the lead with a score of 68 on account of its track record in providing clean water and sanitation. Performance in providing quality education has also helped Chandigarh achieve the high score, showing the country has reached a little beyond the halfway mark in meeting the sustainable development goals adopted by India and 192 other nations in 2015.

4. For goals, including climate action and sustainable use of marine resources, were left out because of lack of data at the state level. Kerala’s overall top rank (69) is attributed to its strong performance in providing good health, reducing hunger, achieving gender equality and providing quality education. The rank shows the distance each state has to cover to reach 100—the point at which it fully meets the sustainable development goal.

5. Tamil Nadu topped the states in poverty reduction, while Kerala topped in providing quality education, closely followed by Chandigarh and Himachal Pradesh.

1. Name the states lagging in achieving SDG compared to Kerala, Himachal Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

2. What can be an important reason for the fewer scores of Pudducherry in comparison to Chandigarh in achieving a higher SDG?

3. Tell the common reasons for scoring lesser than 65 in SDG states in comparison to scores higher than 65 SDG.

4. What does the last paragraph of the passage prove?

5. Rewrite the following sentence replacing the underlined phrase with the appropriate word from para 1. 

  Ankita is making a very slow progress in her class compared to other girls.

CLASS X REPORTED SPEECH & EDITING PRACTICE EXERCISE ​- DAY 3

CLASS X REPORTED SPEECH & Editing PRACTICE EXERCISE - DAY 3

REPORTED SPEECH

Samridhi asked Akshita if (a)  ______________________________Akshita

replied that she had no and asked (b)  _________________________  Samridhi replied her that (c) ______________________________then getting curious by the watch Anshkika requested Samridhi ( d ) ______________________________Samridhi replied her being polite that 

( e ) ____________________________ .

There is an error in each line. Spot out the error and replace it with the correct one.

Remember:  1/2 mark will be rewarded for writing the incorrect one and 1/2 for the correct one. So with the correct answer, don’t forget to write the incorrect word as well. 

                                                                                  INORRECT                      CORRECT

I wish for apply for the post of a                              _________                  ___________

manager in your hotel who was                                                  _________                  ___________

advertised in an Indian Express last week.               _________                  ___________ 

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THANK YOU !

HAPPY LEARNING !

CLASS X ANSWER SHEET REPORTED SPEECH/ EDITING PRACTICE EXERCISE- DAY 3

ANSWERSHEET REPORTED SPEECH AND EDITING EXERCISE CLASS X ENGLISH-DAY 3 

REPORTED SPEECH

Samridhi asked Akshita if (a)  if she had noticed her new watch.. Akshita

replied that she had not and asked (b) where she had bought it from.  Samridhi replied her that (c)she had bought it from Kanak Bazar then getting curious by the watch Anshkika requested Samridhi ( d )to let her see it closely. Samridhi replied her being polite that she could.

                                                                                 INORRECT                      CORRECT

I wish for apply for the post of a                            for apply                       to apply 

manager in your hotel who was                                  who                             which

advertised in an Indian Express last week.                An                                  the

 

IF YOU WISH TO SAY SOMETHING KINDLY SHARE THROUGH THE COMMENT BOX

THANK YOU !

HAPPY LEARNING !

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE : CASE BASED

COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: CASE BASED

(1) The white tiger is an offspring of the Bengal tiger, which has the necessary gene for white coloring. It has beautiful black stripes on a white coat. This species of animal has blue eyes and a pink nose .

 

(2) A pure white tiger is white without any site, which is due to the presence of a double recessive allele in the genetic code. It happens only in the Bengal tiger subspecies, and only one in 10,000 births can have it naturally. White tigers are rarely seen in the wild, and only twelve of them have been spotted in India for the last one-hundred years. Tigers have a life-span of 10 -15 years. They are solitary animals and are fond of hunting at night. Their diet consists of any animals that they can catch and can eat up to 40 pounds of meat at one time. After such a big meal, they usually remain away for several days from food.

 

(3) They are slow runners, but good swimmers. They are poor climbers and cannot climb a tree easily. They live in an area ranging from 10 to 30 square miles depending upon the availability of prey, water, and shelter. Habitat loss poaching and expansion of the human population have together contributed to their becoming endangered. They are widely hunted for their body parts which are used in traditional Chinese medicines.

(4) Genetic inbreeding is another reason for their endangerment. Due to a shortage in their number, this species of animal has been subjected to inbreeding. It has resulted in high mortality rates and severe disabilities. About 80 percent of the white tiger cubs are born with serious birth-defects related to inbreeding, and they soon die-off.

 

(5) The critical condition of this animal has attracted the attention of conservationists worldwide Woda Wildlife Federation (WWF), defenders of wildlife, and many other wildlife organizations are working with the support of the government for the cause of protecting them from becoming extinct. Once they become extinct, it will not be possible to bring them back to life.

ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:- 

 

  • Tell the reasons behind describing the features of the White Tigers by the author.
  • Justify for providing so many details about the White Tigers in para 2 by the author.
  • ” …. only twelve of them have been spotted in India. ” What can be the reasons of the author of discussing this statement?
  • How did the expansion of the human population contribute to making the White Tigers endangered?
  • What teaching does the increasing spikes of the tiger population with the advancement of the years in the diagram try to show?
  • Tell the word which means the same as ‘ existing alone’ from para 2.

CLASS X ANSWER SHEET REPORTED SPEECH & EDITING PRACTICE-TERM 2-DAY 2

ANSWERSHEET REPORTED SPEECH AND EDITING EXERCISE CLASS X ENGLISH-DAY 2 

REPORTED SPEECH ANSWER 

Even as Monu was about to go out to play, Anuj , his brother, asked him

(a) Who his best friend was. Monu replied (b ) that his best friend was Rahul,  , This surprised Anuj very much (c) for he had thought that Shyamu had been his best friend and asked with a grin on his face (d )  why he liked Rahul so much  Monu replied 

( e )  because he always helps him in his tough time. 

INCORRECT 

a. has

b. for

c. the

CORRECT 

have

from

to

                                   

If you wish to say or ask something, kindly let me know through the comment box.

Thank You!

Happy Learning! 

CLASS X REPORTED SPEECH & EDITING EXERCISE FOR TERM 2-DAY 2

CLASS X REPORTED SPEECH/ EDITING PRACTICE EXERCISE- DAY 2

REPORTED SPEECH

Anuj : Who is your best friend , Monu ?

Monu : My best friend is Rahul.

Anuj : I thought that Shyamu was your best friend.

            Why do you like Rahul so much ?

Monu : Because he always helps me in my tough time.

Even as Monu was about to go out to play , Anuj , his brother, asked him

(a) _________. Monu replied (b)______ . This surprised Anuj very much (c)

for( c ) _______ and asked with a grin on his face.

( d ) _____________ .Monu replied  ( e) ________. 

EDITING 

The following passage has not been edited. There is an error in each line against which a blank is given, Write the incorrect word and the correction in the space provided.

     INORRECT                      CORRECT

During the past little years                                        little                             few

house sparrows has started to                                   ________                  __________

vanish for most of the rural areas                              _________                ________       

of Orissa due the extensive use of pesticide,              _________                __________

                                                                                                                                                                

If you wish to say or ask something, kindly let me know through the comment box.

Thank You !

Happy Learning ! 

CLASS X ANSWER SHEET REPORTED SPEECH AND EDITING EXERCISE TERM 2

 CLASS X ENGLISHANSWERSHEET REPORTED SPEECH – EDITING EXERCISE – COMPREHENSION PASSAGE

CASE BASED PASSAGE

1. The author wishes that the people must be sensitive and empathetic towards the endangered species so that they might be inspired to save them.
2. So that the researcher might make a proper arrangement and provide them with a proper ambience to save them from being extinct.
3. Same as answer 1
4. From building houses and factories by snatching their shelters to pouching them for medical use, human has contributed to the expansion of White Tigers.
5. The increasing spikes of the tiger population with the advancement of the years in the diagram
clearly show if we try our best to save and protect any of the endangered species or plants getting extinct, they will really be saved from getting extinct.

6. The meaning of ‘ existing alone’- SOLITARY

REPORTED SPEECH ANSWER 

Meeta enquired of Sonali ( a) what her planning was for the next day.  After thinking a while, Sonali replied that ( b ) she didn’t have anything scheduled for the evening for the next day.

Then Meeta invited her ( c)  for the party  at  hotel Granda. . Getting excited, Sonali asked   what the occasion was .  At this Sonali replied that she was celebrating her promotion at work.

EDITING ANSWER

INCORRECT 

a. a

b. your

c. their

CORRECT 

the

you

its

Remember:  1/2 mark will be rewarded for writing the incorrect one and 1/2 for the correct one. So with the correct answer, don’t forget to write the incorrect answer as well. 

 

If you wish to say or ask something, kindly let me know throght the comment box.

Thank You !

Happy Learning ! 

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