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TENSE: CHAPTER 1(A) : ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THE WORD TENSE

TENSE : ORIGIN & MEANING OF THE WORD

TENSE: ORIGIN & MEANING OF THE WORD

Origin of the word Tense

The word ‘ TENSE’ was initially derived from the Latin word ‘ TENDERE ‘ . The meaning of which was ‘ TIME’. With the passage of the time , the form of the word had been changed and came into the use of the word ‘ TENSUS ‘ . Then again it was transformed into ‘ TENS’ when the French Language adopted it. It also means TIME . Finally, Middle English adopted the same and gave it a present form as ‘ TENSE ‘ -representing time.

THUS

Latin-Tendere -Tensus- Time

French- Tens- Time

 

Middle English- Tense- Time

Definition of Tense-

“Tense is that form of a verb which not only shows the time of 

an action but also the state of any action.”

set of interesting books placed on wooden table in library

 

 Classification of Tense-

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

Each Tense has 4 types-

  1. Indefinite
  2. Continuous
  3. Perfect
  4. Perfect Continuous

Root Process of Learning Tenses-

  1. Structure 
  2. Form of the verb,
  3. Person

For the proper formation of this structure , we need to understand its each component separately:-

 

 

 

Root Structure of a Tense-

Affirmative:- Subject+(to be)Verb + object/Complementary

Negative:- Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb( if any) + Object

Interrogative:- Auxiliary verb + Subject+ Verb + Object/ Complementary

Three basic components of structure of the Tenses:- 

SUBJECT

VERB 

OBJECT

What is a subject ?

Subject is also called ( a Doer)

If we say in a simple language “Any person, place, thing, or feeling around whom/  which the whole sentence,  revolves is called subject.”

Or 

“Any person, place, thing, or feeling which whom we are talking or indicating about in our sentence is called Subject.”

Or 

“Any person, place, thing, or feeling which whom we are talking about in our sentence is called Subject.”

Example- 

  1. Akash flies a kite
  2. The kite is soaring in the sky

What is a Verb?

“A verb is not  only the action but also a state occurrence or a mental condition that is shown or done by our subject.”

Example-

  1. Akash flies a kite . ( Action)
  2. The kite is flying in the sky. (state)

Kite can’t perform any action by itself. So the state of the kite has been shown here.

  1. He became a doctor last year. ( occurrence )
  2. You look happy today. / She seems upset today . ( Mental State )

What is an object?

An object is a word upon which either the action is performed by our subject or it gets  affected by the subject of the sentence anyhow.

Example-

  1. Akash flies a kite
  2. Akriti seems very happy today.

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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