With the study point of view, I have categorized this part in 3 sections –
I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of main verb)
a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future
b. Use of ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)
II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject
III. Use of Main form of the verb.
TAP FOR PREVIOUS LESSON
Use of (was , were) shows the Past state/condition of the subject.
Example- This was my pen.
The weather was fine yesterday..
He was my Mathematics teacher in my grade 8th.
(to be) was/were.
How to use was,were in a sentence-
Singular – was
First person- (I) – was
Structure of Affirmative Sentence-
Subject+ was,were+ complement
Example- Ravita was my best friend.
You were happy yesterday.
I was unconscious last night.
Structure of Negative Sentence-
Subject+ was , were + not / never + complement
Example- Shivangi was not happy today.
You were not a thief.
I was never your friend.
Structure of Interrogative Sentences-
was,were + subject+ complement
Example- were you sad?
were they players?
Structure of Interrogative Sentence-
W family word + was,were + subject+ complement
Why were you sad?
How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ was/were + Subject + Complement
Whose bag was on the chair?
How many girls were there in the kitchen ?
Which book was yours ?
The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives is almost same
We only need to add NOT after the Subject
…….. was/were + subject + not —–
Example- Was Rajeev not a monitor?
Why were you not happy ?
Whose watch was it not ?
Conversation based on Simple Past
( use of ‘to be’ in Simple Past Tense )
Nisha: Where were you yesternight, Disha ?
Disha: Oh Nisha , I was at my grandma’s home.
Nisha: But why?
Disha: Oh well, There was a family function at my Grandma’s home.
Nisha: Oh I, see. And your Mummma was also there, I guess so.
Disha:Yes, obviously It was a family function.
Nisha: Yes, I understand.
Disha: But Nisha, Any problem there.
Nisha: No,no I was just wondering your brother was at home, why so?
Disha: Actually, he was upset due to his poor performance in tests.
Nisha: oh, I see
Disha: Yes, so was not willing to go
Nisha: Oh, I see…
Disha: Ok, Sneha tell me, will you be my friend forever?
( Let’s continue the conversation with Simple Future ( use of ‘ to be’
Will be/Shall be in the next lesson)