USE OF ‘ TO BE ‘ IN PAST (WAS/WERE) CHAPTER 3 B TENSE

With the study point of view, I have categorized this part in 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a .There

b.  It

III. Use of Main form of the verb.

 

TAP FOR PREVIOUS LESSON

SECTION 1 I. Simple Present Tense ( without the use of main verb)

I. Simple PAST Tense ( without the use of main verb) 

USE OF ( TO BE) AUXILIARY VERB  ‘WAS/WERE

 

Use of  (was , were) shows  the Past state/condition of the subject.

Example- This was my pen.

                  The weather was fine yesterday..

                   He was my Mathematics  teacher in my grade 8th. 

(to be) was/were.

How to use was,were in a sentence-

Singular – was

Plural- were

First person- (I) – was

Structure of Affirmative Sentence-

Subject+ was,were+ complement

Example- Ravita was my best friend.

                 You were happy yesterday.

                  I was unconscious last night.

 

Structure of Negative Sentence- 

 

Subject+ was , were + not / never + complement

Example- Shivangi was not happy today.

                 You were not a thief.

                 I was never your friend.

Structure of Interrogative Sentences- 

Type-1

was,were + subject+ complement

Example- were you sad?

                 were they players?

Type-2

Structure of Interrogative Sentence- 

W family word + was,were +  subject+ complement

Example-

Why were you sad?

Type 3

How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ was/were + Subject + Complement

Example-

 

               Whose bag was on the chair?

               How many girls were there in the kitchen ?

               Which book was yours ?

Interrogative Negative 

The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives is almost same 

We only need to add NOT after the Subject

 …….. was/were + subject + not —–

 

Example- Was Rajeev not a monitor?

                  Why were you not happy ?

                  Whose watch was it not  ?

Conversation based on Simple Past

( use of ‘to be’ in Simple Past Tense )

( was/were)

 

Nisha: Where were you yesternight, Disha ?

Disha: Oh Nisha , I was at my grandma’s home.

Nisha: But why?

Disha: Oh well, There was a family function at my Grandma’s home.

Nisha: Oh I, see. And your Mummma was also there, I guess so.

Disha:Yes, obviously It was a family function.

Nisha: Yes, I understand.

Disha: But Nisha, Any problem there.

Nisha: No,no I was just wondering  your brother was at home, why so?

Disha: Actually, he was upset due to his poor performance in tests.

Nisha: oh, I see

Disha: Yes, so was not willing to go

Nisha: Oh, I see…

Disha: Ok, Sneha tell me, will you be my friend forever?

 

                    ( Let’s continue the conversation with Simple Future  ( use of ‘ to be’

Will be/Shall be in the next lesson)

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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