COMPREHENSION PASSAGE: CASE BASED
(1) The white tiger is an offspring of the Bengal tiger, which has the necessary gene for white coloring. It has beautiful black stripes on a white coat. This species of animal has blue eyes and a pink nose .
(2) A pure white tiger is white without any site, which is due to the presence of a double recessive allele in the genetic code. It happens only in the Bengal tiger subspecies, and only one in 10,000 births can have it naturally. White tigers are rarely seen in the wild, and only twelve of them have been spotted in India for the last one-hundred years. Tigers have a life-span of 10 -15 years. They are solitary animals and are fond of hunting at night. Their diet consists of any animals that they can catch and can eat up to 40 pounds of meat at one time. After such a big meal, they usually remain away for several days from food.
(3) They are slow runners, but good swimmers. They are poor climbers and cannot climb a tree easily. They live in an area ranging from 10 to 30 square miles depending upon the availability of prey, water, and shelter. Habitat loss poaching and expansion of the human population have together contributed to their becoming endangered. They are widely hunted for their body parts which are used in traditional Chinese medicines.
(4) Genetic inbreeding is another reason for their endangerment. Due to a shortage in their number, this species of animal has been subjected to inbreeding. It has resulted in high mortality rates and severe disabilities. About 80 percent of the white tiger cubs are born with serious birth-defects related to inbreeding, and they soon die-off.
(5) The critical condition of this animal has attracted the attention of conservationists worldwide Woda Wildlife Federation (WWF), defenders of wildlife, and many other wildlife organizations are working with the support of the government for the cause of protecting them from becoming extinct. Once they become extinct, it will not be possible to bring them back to life.
- Tell the reasons behind describing the features of the White Tigers by the author.
- Justify for providing so many details about the White Tigers in para 2 by the author.
- ” …. only twelve of them have been spotted in India. ” What can be the reasons of the author of discussing this statement?
- How did the expansion of the human population contribute to making the White Tigers endangered?
- What teaching does the increasing spikes of the tiger population with the advancement of the years in the diagram try to show?
- Tell the word which means the same as ‘ existing alone’ from para 2.