Take a quick QUIZ before going through the lesson to check yourselves
how much you know about the Dummy Subject ‘ There ‘
In the last lesson, we studied DIFFERENT USES OF ‘ IT ‘as a Subject.
i.e the first kind of ‘Dummy Subject ‘. This lesson will be continued with
the second kind of Dummy Subject ‘ THERE’ under which we will cover the topic ‘ DIFFERENT USES OF ‘THERE’ as a SUBJECT’
So before diving deeper, let’s first clear ourselves with the basic
concept of use of ‘ THERE ‘
The word ‘There’ can be used with two meanings actually.
Its first meaning is an adverb of place.
- I saw Anshu there in the market.
- I searched for Anu a lot in the fair but was not able to find her there.
- I saw a snake there in the pond.
- Don’t go there.
Its second meaning has truly no meaning at all.
Specially when it is used as a Pronoun. In such case,
it is assumed as a Dummy Subject , we studied about in our
previous lesson ‘ Dummy Subject or Artificial Subject with
the first kind of a Dummy Subject ‘ IT ‘ ( Different Uses of ‘ It’ )
So because our lessons of ‘Tense’ is going on in detail
with all the quizzes, conversation, podcast and video lectures,
in this lesson, I am going to explain you in detail,
‘ Different Uses of ‘There’
1. As an Introductory Subject
‘There’ as a dummy subject is used with a noun or a noun phrase and the verb ‘be’ when we need to introduce new information or say that something exists.
Don’t cry, There lives a kind lady behind our school. Hope, she would help us.
There is a lovely garden beside my home. ( New Information.)
Let’s have a walk there. ( Adverb of place)
2. For Story Beginning
In story writing, When we have to introduce a person, a place or a thing. .
- Once upon a time , there was a king.
- There was no sign of life.
- Weren’t there two lions in the forest ?
3. When we have to give details about a building/place/people/
environment ,working environment with the details of quantity/numbers
- There are 40 teachers in my school.
- There are 40 rooms in my school
- There is a very old banyan tree in my village.
- There were around 50 people in those hutments.
- There is always a unity among all the company members.
The never leak the company’s personal information.
4. ‘There’ can be used with an expression of quantity followed by infinitive.
- There was a lot to learn. But you wasted all the time in your chit-chat.
- There were many beautiful ripe fruits to be plucked..
- There will always be someone to help you..
5. We can use ‘ There’ with ‘for + noun / pronoun’ to show who /what we’re talking about
- There is nothing for him now to do.
- There left nothing for Akshat to discuss.
- There is always a hope for us to believe in the Universal Sounds.
6. We can use a definite noun phrase with ‘there’ when
‘ there ‘ means ‘in that place’. ( FOR INDICATING SOMETHING/SOMEONE )
There’s my black ink pen , I was looking for.
Hey , there is Shuchi, finally we found here.
7. We can use names or noun phrases with
‘there’ (as a dummy subject) when we are
suggesting different options ,
and the sentence is the one where we would usually
need a definite or Indefinite article. ( Article Quizzes )
There are a beautiful garden and an awesome restaurant
beside my home. Tell, where would you like to visit ?
( TWO OPTIONS ARE ADDED WITH ‘THERE)
8. With some expressions where subject is absolutely not clear.
There is blowing a hard wind today.
There may be rain today.
Wasn’t there a stinky smell outside his house ?
9. With Slang Expressions
Sometimes use of ‘There ‘ is found in informal English.
- Hey there, can you tell me where this way goes to ?
- ….. & there I have found Madhav , my naughty baby.