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DIFFERENT USES OF ‘ IT ‘ DUMMY SUBJECT PART TWO : TENSE CHAPTER 5 B

DIFFERENT USES OF DUMMY SUBJECT ' IT '

Before diving on the explanation , kindly check yourselves how much you know about the topic 

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USES OF 'IT'


Previous Lessons

What is a Dummy Subject ?

LET’S START THE LESSON 

‘It’ is an Impersonal and a Personal  Pronoun both, used as a Subject and as an object as well.

It ( Subject) is your pen. But from

now onwards I’ll use it’( object).When ‘It’ tells something about a living being ,

it’s always a personal pronoun.

It’s Rishi who is the topper of the school.

When it talks something about non-living things/ideas,it’s identified as an Impersonal Pronoun. 

It’s getting dark. 

It’s my pearl, my pet. 

 

 

When ‘It’ tells something about a living being ,

it’s always a personal pronoun.

It’s Rishi who is the topper of the school.

As a Subject, ‘It’ is assumed as a Dummy

or an Artificial Subject, we studied in detail in our previous lesson. 

So as a subject, ‘ it’ is used for EIGHT

different complements to complete

our sentence.

So in today’s class, we’ll study and

understand different uses of ‘IT’.

1. When we have to give information of the following. 

a. Time

   It’s Five O’clock by my watch.

b. Date

   It’s 16 May today.

c. Month

   It’s May going on. 

d. Year

   It’s 2022 going on.

e. Weather

   It’s cool weather today. 

2. When we have to introduce/say something about our object

( Complementary).

It’s nice to meet you after a long time. 

It’s chicky, my cat.

3.As an Anticipatory Subject

As an Anticipatory Subject ;It’ works in the following ways

a. When a sentence is divided in two clauses.

b. Second Cluse is the main Subject

Example

It’s great that man of words has come into the action today.

It’s true that wheel of time never spares anyone.

4, With Lifeless objects

I bought an expensive piano yesterday.

But it is not working now.

I had planted a rose plant three months ago. I

It is blooming with lots of roses now.

5. With Passive Voice

It is expected that he will return soon.

It is said that Lord Krishna has returned in the form 

of Kalki to awaken all the sleeping souls

6. For the babies when we are not sure about their gender

   Is it your baby? Its smile is cute.

7. For the animals

   I have planned to pet a dog. It’s a vey useful animal.  

   I noticed a very strange bird today. It was sitting on 

   the branch of the mango tree in my garden .

8. To refer Collective noun when it shows a singular meaning

     The jury has still not passed its verdict. It will take two more months.

     The class is very silent today, It has lost its favourite teacher.

9. In Cleft Sentence  

  Was it your pen that was lost?

  It’s Laxmi who left for Delhi yesterday.

10. For Assumed Timing

It has been two years since I met Raksha.’

It had been almost late when we reached at ring ceremony.   

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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