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USE OF ‘ TO BE ‘ IN PRESENT (IS/ARE/AM) CHAPTER 3 A TENSE

THE CHAPTER INCULDES 

1. Structure of ‘to be’ in Present (IS/ARE/AM

2. Conversation based on use of ‘ to be’ in present ( is/are/ am)

3. Learn with Podcast

With the study point of view, I have categorized this part in 3 sections –

I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of main verb) 

a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future

b. Use of  ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future (talking about possessions)

II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject

a .There

b.  It

III. Main Indefinite form of the verb.

 

SECTION 1

 

I. Simple Present Tense ( without the use of main verb)

  Use of is/are/am

SECTION 1

 

Use of ‘to be’ in present

USE OF AUXILIARY VERB – is/are/am- 

Use of  (is, are, and am) shows the present state/condition of the subject.

Example- This is a chair.

                  The weather is fine.

                   He is a doctor.

(to be) is, are, am.

How to use is, are, am in a sentence-

Singular- Is

Plural- Are

First person- (I) – Am

Structure of Affirmative Sentence-

Subject+ is, are, am+ complement

Example- Ravita is a lawyer.

                 You are Happy.

                  I am a teacher.

Structure of Negative Sentence-

Subject+ is, are, am + not + complement

Example- Shivangi is not happy today.

                 You are not a thief.

                 I am not your friend.

Structure of Interrogative Sentences- 

Type-1

Is, are am, + subject+ complement

Example- Are you sad?

                 Are they players?

Type-2

Structure of Interrogative Sentence- 

W family word + is, are, am+  subject+ complement

Example- Why are you sad?

Type 3

How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ is/are/am _ Subject +Complement

Example- Whose bag is this on the chair?

               How many girls are there in the kitchen ?

               Which book is yours ?

Interrogative Negative 

The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives are almost same –

We only need to add NOT after the Subject

 …….. is/are/am+ subject + not —–

Example- Is Rajeev not a monitor?

                  Why are you not happy?

                  Whose watch is not ?

CONVERSATION – PART 1

BASED ON  :

( use of ‘to be’ in Present Tense )
( is/are/am )

Disha: Hello Sneha, how are you?

Nisha: I am good, Thank you ! what about you?
Disha: I am also in a hilarious spirit. And how is your Mumma now?
Nisha: Hmm, she is still not fine?
Disha: Oh, is she still in hospital?
Nisha: Yes, she is.
Disha: But I hope your elder sister is with you at home.
Nisha: Yes, she is.
Disha: That’s great!
Nisha: OK, Sneha by the way, where were you yesterevening?

 

( Let’s continue the conversation with Simple Past ( use of ‘ to be’
Was/were in the next lesson, kindly visit the next part )

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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