LITERARY DEVICES POETIC DEVICES LITERARY ELEMENTS FIGURE OF SPEECH

Literary Devices

Literary Devices are the technique that a writer uses to expresses his ideas in a more elaborated way to enhance their writings.

  1. Simile 

A simile a comparison between two objects of different kinds which have at least one point in common. It draws a resemblance with the words like- ‘ as’ ‘like’ and ‘so’.

Example:-

1. Hritik is as brave as a Lion.

2. The moon is broken like a Mirror.

3. It dropped as a gentle rain from heaven.

4. The night is as dark as a black stone.

2. Metaphor

 A metaphor is an implied simile. It is used to make a comparison between two objects of different kinds but does have something in common. The words of resemblance ‘as’ ‘like’ or ‘so’ are not used here.

Examples 

1.The camel is a ship of the desert.

2.Kalidas is the Shakespeare of India.

3. Friendship is a sheltering tree.

4. The paper seeming boy with rats Eyes.

Difference between simile and metaphor

In Simile two objects are compared on the basis of quality 

while in Metaphor both the objects are assumed as same.

3. Personification

In personification lifeless objects, ideas or animals are given human attributes.

or

In personification lifeless objects and abstract ideas are thought of as having a life.

Examples 

Opportunity knocks at the door but once.

The trees inside are moving out into the forest.

Anxiety was sitting on her face.

Love is blind.

4. Apostrophe 

 An apostrophe is a direct address to that to the absent or a personal fight object.

Example

 Oh, death come soon!

Oh , freedom ! Why are you so dear.

 Difference between personification and apostrophe 

In personification, we assume lifeless objects or ideas as having a life.

 5. Alliteration 

Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound in

 a sequence of words to give a musical effect to enhance the beauty of our writing.

 Examples 

 Sally sells seashells by the seashore.

 Now in memories comes my mother

 I stand and I look I stand and look at them long and long 

 Locked in a concrete cell.

 6. Assonance 

Assonance is a repetition of a vowel sound across words 

within the lines of the poem creating internal rhyme/rhythm.

 Example –

a. A stitch in time saves nine.

b. Honesty is the best policy.

c. Sally sells seashells by the seashore.

 7. Repetition

 A Repetition is the repetition of words, phrases, sentences or sometimes a complete is stanza to highlight some particular part in our writing to make the idea clearer and memorable.

 Example:-

a. Rain Rain Go Away!

b. Balinda tickles him, she tickles him unmercifully.

c. Pistol in his left-hand pistol in his right hand.

8. Anaphora

Anaphora is a poetic device in which the writer repeats the same beginning in the form of same words, same phrases or with the same complete line chiefly with a purpose of emphasizing the repetition of elements to bring them in writing.

 Example

They do not sweat and whine about their condition 

They do not lie awake in the dark and weep for their sins.

They do not make me sick discussing their duty to God 

Not one is dissatisfied known ;not one is demanted 

With the Mania of living things

The difference among Alliteration, Assonance, Repetition and Anaphora 

Alliteration- repetition of consonant sound 

Assonance – a repetition of vowel sound 

Repetitiona repetition of words, phrases or sentences

Anaphora –  a repetition of the beginning of any sentences with the same word Phrases.

Onomatopoeia-Onomatopoeia is a poetic device in which the Sound suggests the meaning.

Examples 

a. I Babble on the Pebble.

b. I chatter chatter as a flow

c. Cuckoo coo

 9. Hyperbole

 In hyperbole, things are shown as greater or less, better or worse than they really are.

  Example

a. She wept ocean of tears.

b. Rivers of blood flowed in the battle.

c. I have not seen him for ages.

d. I saw ten thousand in a glance.

 10. Oxymoron

  An oxymoron, two opposite qualities are added to the same thing.

Example 

a. Life is bitter sweet.

b. It is an open secret. 

c. He is regularly irregular.

d. And having nothing he hath all.

 11. Enjambment 

It is a literary device in which a line carries the idea onto the next line without the usage of any punctuation mark at the end of each line and the thought ends at the line which meets with the punctuation mark ( often full stop.)

 Example

 The tree inside is moving out into the forest

The forests that were empty all these days

Where no bird could sit no insect hide

 no sun bury its feet in Shadow 

the forests that were empty all night 

will be full of trees for warning

 12. Transferred epithet

A transferred epithet is a poetic device in which an adjective is used not with the noun which it normally qualifies but with some other nouns.

 Example

 I passed Sleepless Night yesterday.

I met with the lovely rose yesterday.

The few steps of his cage on pets of velvet quiet in his quiet rage.

QUIZ LITERARY DEVICES POETIC DEVICES
LITERARY ELEMENTS FIGURE OF SPEECH

[ays_quiz id=’3′]

PRACTICE WTH SOME MORE EXERCISES

  1. Mercy drops from heart as gentle rain from Heaven.
  2. Rise, like a fountain for me day and night.
  3. He is a man of iron will.
  4. The news was a dagger to his heart.
  5. I just heard the mew of the cat.
  6. Life is a tale told by an idiot.
  7. His language is sweet like honey.
  8. He could take mountains of meat and oceans of teas.
  9. Roll on! thou deep and dark blue ocean roll!
  10. Sweet Thames! Run swiftly till I end my song.
  11. I am the daughter of earth and water.
  12. Sweet bitter tears flowed from my eyes.
  13. Truth sits upon the lips of a dying man.
  14. She accepts the kind cruelty of a doctor’s knife.
  15. I heard the lake lapping with the low sound.

ANSWERS

  1. 1. Simile
  2. 2. Simile
  3. 3. Metaphor
  4. 4. metaphor
  5. 5. Onomatopoeia
  6. 6. Metaphor
  7. 7. Simile
  8. 8. Hyperbole
  9. 9. Apostrophe
  10. 10. apostrophe
  11. 11. Personification
  12. 12. Oxymoron
  13. 13. Personification
  14. 14. Oxymoron
  15. 15. Onomatopoeia
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Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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