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PRESENT INDEFINITE : TENSE CHAPTER 6

TABLE OF CONTENT

Different uses of Present Indefinite Tense, 

Structure

QUIZ

CONVERSATION 

The Chapter is going to be useful in – 

Sentence Recording,

g/Editing,

Sentence Transformation, ,

 Gap filling,

Story Writing,

Translation,

Spoken English + Formal Writing.

 

Definition of Present Indefinite Tense-

The tense -used to refer to an ‘ event’, ‘ action ‘ or ‘ condition ‘ that exists all the time or for a short period without the confirmation of its completion, is called Present Indefinite Tense.

How to recognize in English-

Affirmative- The sentence has root form (base form) of the verb without an auxiliary verb.

  • Ravita rides on the roundabouts daily.
  • Nishtha walks on by the beach daily..

Negative/ Interrogative-

The sentence has the root form of the verb with do/does.

  • Gaurav does not go to the gym to exercise.
  • Do you read a new storybook every day?

We use Present Indefinite Tense in the following conditions-

 

1. With Daily Routine Sentences- 

  • I awake at 5 A.M daily.
  • Mona does mediation every day.
  • We go for a walk after having our dinner daily.

2. With Habitual Sentence-

To show present habits, we use Present Indefinite Tense 

  • I use to have a cup of tea twice a day.
  • Children like to have junk food most. 

        But it is not good for their health.

                 

3. Future Time Table/ Schedule- 

Sometimes for showing future fixed timetables also, 

we take the help of Present Indefinite. In such cases,

don’t get confused, the sentence is correct. 

  • The school reopens on 27th June 2022.
  • We fly to Kathmandu next week.
  • The function starts sharp at 8 P.M on 1st July 2018.

4. With Universal Truth/Facts 

  • You hide the flower but its fragrance. 
  • Light travels faster than the wind. 

That’s why in Reported Speech also , the tense of the sentence is never changed

  • The teacher said that The sun rises in the east. ( Universal Truth)
  • My friend said that Time passes very quickly. ( Fact)
  1. Present Short Action- ( They show our temporary habits)
  • Look! How actively he is playing. He takes the ball so 

        quickly and scores the goal.

  1. While giving Instructions               
  • Give me your copy right now.
  • Don’t waste your time.
  1. News Headlines- 

Most of the time headlines are written in Present Indefinite Tense.

  • Maharashtra health minister resigns.
  • Grenade attack injures 9 CRPF.
  1. With the Present Positions-
  •  Eshank works in TCS now.
  •  He studies in class 10th 

Structure of Present Indefinite Tense-

Affirmative- 

Formation: 

Subject+ V1+ Object.

Note: 

SingularSubject – V1+ s/es/ies

Plural / 1st PersonSingular Subject ( I ) – V1st form only.

Ritu sings a song.

  • I complete my work on time.
  • He frequently visits my home.
  • You waste your time a lot.

Negative

Negative Sentences are divided into two types:-

Type 1: The sentence that is formed by adding a simple ‘ not’

Type 2: The sentence that is formed by adding  ‘ never’

So the formation of both the sentences is different.

Type 1:  With ‘ not’

Formation:

Subject+ do not /  does not + V1st form + Object.

Subject: Singular- does not

Subject: Plural/ Singular Ist Person ( I )  – do not

  • Jaishree does not like lies a little bit.
  • These boys do not obey anyone.
  • You do not come on time.

Type2: With ”never’

Formation

Subject+ never + V1st form +s/es/ies+ object.

Remember: In this condition,’ Verb ‘ will not be affected by any subject

because it has no helping verb. So the formation will go the same as Affirmative Sentence.

  • He never tells a lie
  • You never come to meet me.
  • I never pay heed over trifles.
  •  Ragini never overcomes her pains soon.

Structure of Interrogative Sentence-

Type-1

Do/ does + Subject +V1st form + object

Singular- Does

Plural/I – do

  • Do you play cricket daily?
  • Does Gauri design websites?

Interrogative type -2

W family word + do/ does + Subject + verb+ object.

  • When does Akasha go for a walk?
  • Why do these boys waste their time?

Type -3

How much/ how many/ which/whose+ related noun + do/ does + Subject+ object.

  • How many books do you have in your bag?
  • How much water do you have daily?

Interrogative Negative Sentence-

The fromation of all the Interrogative Negatives are the same. Only NOT IS PLACED AFTER THE SUBJECT

—–do/does+Subject+ Not ——

Does he not do you work?

 Why do you not do your work?

 How many flowers does he not pluck from the garden?

 

 

Practice sentence for spoken English-

Follow the structure and write down the sentence and practice them.

Daily routine- I wake up 5 P.M

Good habits- I play cricket daily.

Bad Habits- I don’t like play cricket.

Ask questions- do you like coffee?

Remaining Part will be published tomorrow

Tap below to learn all the lessons of :-

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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