This Chapter of Present Indefinite is going to be useful in –
- Sentence Recording
- Editing / Omitting
- Sentence Transformation
- Gap filling
- Story Writing
- Spoken English
- Formal Writing
The tense -used to refer to an ‘ event’, ‘ action ‘ or ‘ condition ‘ that exists all the time or for a short period without the confirmation of its completion, is called Present Indefinite Tense.
How to recognize in English-
Affirmative- The sentence has root form (base form) of the verb without an auxiliary verb.
- Ravita rides on the roundabouts daily.
- Nishtha walks on by the beach daily..
The sentence has the root form of the verb with do/does.
- Gaurav does not go to the gym to exercise.
- Do you read a new storybook every day?
We use Present Indefinite Tense in the following conditions-
1. With Daily Routine Sentences-
- I awake at 5 A.M daily.
- Mona does mediation every day.
- We go for a walk after having our dinner daily.
2. With Habitual Sentence-
To show present habits, we use Present Indefinite Tense
- I use to have a cup of tea twice a day.
- Children like to have junk food most.
But it is not good for their health.
3. Future Time Table/ Schedule-
Sometimes for showing future fixed timetables also,
we take the help of Present Indefinite. In such cases,
don’t get confused, the sentence is correct.
- The school reopens on 27th June 2022.
- We fly to Kathmandu next week.
- The function starts sharp at 8 P.M on 1st July 2018.
4. With Universal Truth/Facts
- You hide the flower but its fragrance.
- Light travels faster than the wind.
That’s why in Reported Speech also , the tense of the sentence is never changed
- The teacher said that The sun rises in the east. ( Universal Truth)
- My friend said that Time passes very quickly. ( Fact)
- Present Short Action- ( They show our temporary habits)
- Look! How actively he is playing. He takes the ball so
quickly and scores the goal.
- While giving Instructions
- Give me your copy right now.
- Don’t waste your time.
- News Headlines-
Most of the time headlines are written in Present Indefinite Tense.
- Maharashtra health minister resigns.
- Grenade attack injures 9 CRPF.
- With the Present Positions-
- Eshank works in TCS now.
- He studies in class 10th
Structure of Present Indefinite Tense-
Subject+ V1+ Object.
SingularSubject – V1+ s/es/ies
Plural / 1st PersonSingular Subject ( I ) – V1st form only.
Ritu sings a song.
- I complete my work on time.
- He frequently visits my home.
- You waste your time a lot.
Negative Sentences are divided into two types:-
Type 1: The sentence that is formed by adding a simple ‘ not’
Type 2: The sentence that is formed by adding ‘ never’
So the formation of both the sentences is different.
Type 1: With ‘ not’
Subject+ do not / does not + V1 + Object.
Subject: Singular- does not
Subject: Plural/ Singular 1st Person ( I ) – do not
- Jaishree does not like lies a little bit.
- These boys do not obey anyone.
- You do not come on time.
Type2: With ”never’
Subject+ never + V1 +s/es/ies+ object.
Remember: In this condition,’ Verb ‘ will not be affected by any subject
because it has no helping verb. So the formation will go the same as Affirmative Sentence.
- He never tells a lie
- You never come to meet me.
- I never pay heed over trifles.
- Ragini never overcomes her pains soon.
Structure of Interrogative Sentence-
Do/ does + Subject +V1 + object
Plural/I – do
- Do you play cricket daily?
- Does Gauri design websites?
Interrogative type -2
‘ Wh’ family word + do/ does + Subject + verb+ object.
- When does Akasha go for a walk?
- Why do these boys waste their time?
How much/ how many/ which/whose+ related noun + do/ does + V1+ Subject+ object.
- How many books do you have in your bag?
- How much water do you have daily?
Interrogative Negative Sentence-
The formation of all the Interrogative Negatives are the same.
Only NOT IS PLACED AFTER THE SUBJECT
—–do/does+Subject+ Not ——
Does he not do you work?
Why do you not do your work?
How many flowers does he not pluck from the garden?
ASSIGNMENTS BASED ON PRESENT INDEFINITE TENSE
- Follow the structure and pen down 5 sentences each of
& practice them to speak aloud
- Daily routine- I wake up 5 P.M
- Good habits- I play cricket daily.
- Bad Habits- I don’t like to play cricket.
- Ask questions- do you like coffee?