PAST INDEFINTE : CHAPTER 7
The Chapter is going to be useful in –
- Sentence Recording
- Sentence Transformation
- Gap filling
- Story Writing
- Spoken English + Formal Writing
The sentence has the Past form of the verb without a helping verb-
- Ankush flew to London last Friday.
- Ridhim returned home soon.
The sentence has the root form of the verb with ‘did’
- Ankush flew to London last Friday.
- Did you notice her changing behaviour?
- Gaurav did not go to the gym yesterday.
We use Past Indefinite Tense in the following conditions-
- Frequent Actions of the Past time :-
- During my school days, I ate many mangoes from my school garden.
- During my summer vacations, We often visited Ujjain at my maternal uncle’s home.
- When the sentence shows the past habits
- I used to go to school by my bicycle in grade 10th.
- During recess, Urvashi and I always used to have our lunch together.
- Pair with Past Perfect Tense
Past Indefinite helps to complete the clause of Past Perfect
- I had bought two vases before I saw these bronze vases.
- Booker T. Washington started his education when he had earned enough money.
4. Pair with Past Continuous Tense
When any of our actions in Past Continuous Tense
is Interrupted by a sudden new action
- When I was enjoying my coffee in my garden, It suddenly began raining.
- When the students were studying with full concentration,the entrance of a beautiful butterfly disturbed their focus.
5. With News Headlines-
Most of the time headlines are written in Past and Present Indefinite Tenses
- Two buses collided on the Rudyard Crossing.
- The meeting was held in the Rashtrapati Bhawan.
(The meeting was held in the Rashtrapati Bhawan )
( While here Grammatically the sentences must be in Passive Voice-)
Two buses were collied on the Rudyard Crossing
The meeting was held in the Rashtrapati Bhawan.
6. With the II Type of Conditional Sentences
( IF +Past Indefinite + Future Past Indefinite )
- IF you informed me, I would also go to the movie with you.
- IF Dushyant arrived by time, I wouldn’t be late
7. With Hypothetical/Imaginative sentences-
- If I flew, I would also chase the gust of wind.
- If I were a queen, I would make my kingdom happy.
Subject+ V2+ Object.
- It rained heavily yesterday.
- Arujun accepted his mistakes.
Negative Sentences are divided into two types:-
Type 1: The sentence that is formed by adding a simple ‘ not’
Type 2: The sentence that is formed by adding ‘ never’
So the formation of both the sentences is different.
Type 1: With ‘ not’
Subject+ did not + V1+ Object.
- Shivani did not believe me.
- These boys did me once in the garden.
- You didnot come on time.
Type2: With ”never’
Subject+ never + V1 + object.
Remember: In this condition,’ Verb ‘ will not be affected by any subject
because it has no helping verb. So the formation will go the same as Affirmative Sentence.
- He never hid any truth from me.
- You never asked help from anybody.
- I never paid heed over trifles.
Structure of Interrogative Sentence-
Did + Subject +V1 + object
- Did you practice cricket daily last year ?
- Did Gauri design your website ?
Interrogative type -2
‘Wh’ family word + did + Subject + verb+ object
- When did Akasha go for a walk?
- Why did you tell your secrets to these girls ?
How much/ how many/ which/whose+ related noun + did + Subject+ object
- How many books did you have in your bag at that time ?
- How much money did you submit for the picnic ?
Interrogative Negative Sentence-
The formation of all the Interrogative Negatives are the same. Only NOT IS PLACED AFTER THE SUBJECT
—-did + Subject + Not ——
Did he not do you work?
Why did you not do your work?
How many flowers did he not pluck from the garden?
Practice sentence for spoken English-
Follow the structure and write down the sentence and practice them.
Descbribe your scool picnic.
Tell a story
Bad Habits- I don’t like play cricket.
Ask questions and answer yourselves
Ex- did you like coffee?
Yes, I liked.