TENSE: CHAPTER 4 B- STUCTURE AND USE OF 'HAVE' IN SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE (HAS/HAVE)-LEARN WITH CONVERSATON
HAVE in Simple Present Tense is used for showing possessions
in Present ( in concrete / abstract form) .
Example – I have a golden pen.
She has not your notebook.
Have you an extra blue pen ?
I have mental peace now.
How to use
How to use HAVE in a Simple Present Tense –
I PERSON – Singular / Plural – have
II Person – Singular / Plural – have
III PERSON- Singular – has
III PERSON Plural – have
Has Not – hasn’t
Have Not – haven’t
Structure of Affirmative Sentence-
Subject+ has/have + complement
Example- Ravita has my ring.
You have my lunch box..
I have your paint brush.
We have peace now finally.
Structure of Negative Sentence-
Subject+ has/have + not + complement
Example- Shivani has not any happiness today.
She has not my mobile number.
NOTE: We can replace NOT with NO only in a condition
when there in no use of DETERMINER before the
noun and after has/have.
You have not my ring. ( My- Possessive Determiner. )
You have no ring of mine.
She has not any peace. ( Any- Quantifier Determiner )
She has no peace.
Structure of Interrogative Sentences-
Has/Have + subject+ complement
Have you my watch ?.
Has she some peace now?
Has Anshu any problem?
Structure of Interrogative Sentence-
‘ W family ‘ word + has/have + subject ++ complement
Why has he your phone?
Who has faith in me?
How/much/how many/ Whose/which+ Related Noun+ has/have
+ Subject + Complement
How many apples have you in your basket?
How much coffee have you in your coffee mug?
Which colour pen have you in your pencil box?
The structures of all kinds of Interrogative Negatives are almost the same,
we only need to add ‘ NOT’ after the Subject
…….. has/have + subject + not + —–
Have you not my mobile?
Why have you not any good book ?
How many books have you not in your library ?
NOTE: But in Contracted Form , we
will place NOT (hasn’t/haven’t)
before the subject
Haven’t you my book just with you ?
Why haven’t your book with you today?
UNDERSTAND WITH CONVERSATION
Simran: Wow ! you have so good plants in your garden.
Ruchi: Oh, thank you so much, Simran.
Simran: Have you jasmine plants as well Ruchi?
Ruchi: Sorry, I haven’t.
Simran: Oh, that’s sad.
Ruchi: Have you Simran?
Simran No, But I had one by last month.
Had ???? But the use of HAVE is going on in Simple Present.
Yes- because in the NEXT CHAPTER, we are going to learn.
THE USE AND STRUCTURE OF ‘HAVE’ IN SIMPLE PAST TENSE
From the study point of view, I have categorized the lesson of TENSE into 3 sections –
I. Simple Tense (PRESENT/PAST/FUTURE) ( without the use of the main verb)
a. Use of ‘to be’ in Present/Past/Future
b. Use of ‘have’ in Present/Past/Future ( Possessives)
II. Use of Dummy Subject /Artificial Subject
a . There
III. Use of the Main form of the verb.
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