TENSE: CHAPTER 1: ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THE WORD TENSE

TENSE : ORIGIN & MEANING OF THE WORD

Origin of the Word

Definition of Tense

Classification of Tense

Basic Roots of Tenses

Origin of the word Tense

The word ‘ TENSE’ was originally derived from Latin word TENDERE . The meaning of which was TIME .  Then with the passage of the time , the form of the word had been changed and was called as TENSUS . Then again it was transformed as TENS when it was adopted by French Language. It also means Time Finally Middle English adopted the same and gave it a present form as TENSE-meaning as time. 

Latin-Tendere -Tensus- Time

French- Tens- Time

Middle English- Tense- Time

Definition of Tense-

“Tense is that form of a verb which not only shows the time of 

an action but also the state of any action.”

Classification of Tense-

  1. Present Tense
  2. Past Tense
  3. Future Tense

Each Tense has 4 types-

  1. Indefinite
  2. Continuous
  3. Perfect
  4. Perfect Continuous

Root Process of Learning Tenses-

  1. Structure 
  2. Form of the verb,
  3. Person

For the proper formation of this structure , we need to understand its each component separately

Root Structure of a Tense-

Affirmative:- Subject+(to be)Verb + object/Complementary

Negative:- Subject + Auxiliary verb + Verb( if any) + Object

Interrogative:- Auxiliary verb + Subject+ Verb + Object/ Complementary

 

Three basic components of structure of the Tenses:- 

SUBJECT

VERB 

OBJECT

What is a subject ?

Subject is also called ( a Doer)

If we say in a simple language “Any person, place, thing, or feeling around whom/  which the whole sentence,  revolves is called subject.”

Or 

“Any person, place, thing, or feeling which whom we are talking or indicating about in our sentence is called Subject.”

Or 

“Any person, place, thing, or feeling which whom we are talking about in our sentence is called Subject.”

Example- 

  1. Akash flies a kite
  2. The kite is soaring in the sky

What is a Verb?

“A verb is not  only the action but also a state occurrence or a mental condition that is shown or done by our subject.”

Example-

  1. Akash flies a kite . ( Action)
  2. The kite is flying in the sky. (state)

Kite can’t perform any action by itself. So the state of the kite has been shown here.

  1. He became a doctor last year. ( occurrence )
  2. You look happy today. / She seems upset today . ( Mental State )

What is an object?

An object is a word upon which either the action is performed by our subject or it gets  affected by the subject of the sentence anyhow.

Example-

  1. Akash flies a kite
  2. Akriti seems very happy today.

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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