SEMI MODAL VERB: USE TO :NEED: DARE

USES OF 'USE TO'

USE TO is a part of semi Modal Verb as it is used as Modal Auxiliary Verb and then as Principal Verb as well.

Now, the study of  ‘use to ‘comes under 3 parts:

I. USE TO ‘ AS A MODAL AUXILIARY VERB’

II.  USE TO ‘AS A PRINCIPAL VERB’ 

III. USE TO ‘AS AN ADJECTIVE ‘

I. USE TO AS A MODAL VERB 

(FOR SHOWING HABITUAL ACTIONS)

Commonly, ‘Use to’ shows habits. 

Now there are two kinds of habits –

  • Temporary habits 
  • Permanently habits

So ‘use to’ is used with Temporary and Permanent habits both. 

  • I use to have a walk early in the morning. 
  • I use to leave for my office daily at 7 am.

But if the sentence is talking about Past Permanent habits 

The use of ‘ USED TO ‘ is preferred. 

  • I used to teach in St. Xavier School when I lived in Meerut.
  • I used to leave for my office at 7 am when I lived in Agra. 

Then what about Temporary habits ???

  • I used to attend a Teaching workshop every Saturday at my last school. 

For showing Temporary habits use of ‘ WOULD ‘ is preferred. 

  •  I would visit the beach often when I lived in Goa
  •  Malini would visit my home when we studied in school. 

Now the question arises –    

    “ How will you recognize temporary or permanent habits?”

When you repeat any work often but that is not your definite routine. You might be fond of doing any work but you don’t have any compulsion to complete that work. (You like walking but you are not compelled to walk) But when we are talking about the extended action i.e you are bound to do any work for a long period, you’ll use USED TO. 

REMEMBER:

Sometimes USED TO / WOULD both are used for the past repeated action also. 

( When action is repeated again and again)

  •  When she lived in the hostel with me she would do nothing but cry.
  • When she lived with me in the hostel she used to cry a lot. 
  • II. USE TO ‘AS A PRINCIPAL VERB’ 

Because USE TO is a part of Semi Modal, it is used as a principal verb also.

  • He does not use to come to my home now.
  • Does he Use to study in London?
  • He didn’t use to play chess when he was a child.
  • Used he to study in London?

III. USED TO ‘AS AN ADJECTIVE AS ACCUSTOMED OF/ FAMILIAR WITH’

The verbal use of USED TO should not be confused with the adjectival use of the same expression, meaning “familiar with/ accustomed of ” 

  • I have been used to the cold weather.
  • Santosh Yadav had been used to the icy weather of the Himalayas.
  • I don’t bother what she says now. I have been used to her irritating  behaviour

REMEMBER: 

When USED TO  is followed by a verb, it always takes gerund form.

He is used to smoking.

  • We are used to walking for miles. 
  • She has been used to shout aloud. 

Exercise - HOW MUCH YOU UNDERSTOOD ABOUT 'USE TO'

Read the following sentences carefully and tell in which form of  USE TO and WOULD have been used  , as a

Modal Verb, Principal Verb

or Accustomed of –

Two have been answered  for example-

a. Anjani use to visit my home daily.

   Answer: Modal

b. Deeksa is use to fighting with girls.

   Answer : accustomed with

c, Rishan would play hockey during his college days.

Answer:

d. Use Deepam visit your home often?

Answer:

e. She doesn’t use to tell lies.

Answer:

f. Has Diya been use to facing the challages of life ?

Answer:

g. Did Deepak use to come school at time ?

Answer:

h. Use she have 2 cups of coffee everyday ?

Answer :

I. I used to take meeting of my employees every Saturday when I worked in Bajaj Finance.

Answer:

j. I would have a walk on the river bank with my friend during my childhood days.

ANSWERS:

c. modal verb

d. modal verb 

e. principal verb

f. principal verb

g. principa verb 

modal verb

h. modal verb

i. modal verb 

j. modal verb

 

USE OF NEED

Need shows requirements/ necessities. Being a Semi Modal Verb, It is not only used as a Semi Modal Verb but also as a Principal Verb. In Tense ‘Need’ is used as a Principal/ Main Verb while in  Modals ‘ Need ‘ is used as a Modal Auxiliary Verb.

Now let’s learn one by one all the uses of Need.
A. USE OF NEED AS A PRINCIPAL VERB

In Tense ‘Need’ is used as a requirement/ necessity.

  • She does not need to worry about you.
  • I don’t need your help.
  • Does Vinita need your advice?

B. MODAL AUXILIARY VERB 
In Modals ‘ Need’ is used 
again as Necessity and Duty as well. 

  • You need not come here again.
  • You need visit your friend. He has lost his mother.
  • I needn’t more sheets to write.
  • Need I use this sentence to write in the application?

REMEMBER:

a. If NEED is followed by a Verb, it always takes TO (Infinitive to+v2).

B. If used as a Modal Auxiliary, it will never take TO,(will only take a bare Infinitive-(V1 without TO) as per the rules, Modal Auxiliary never takes Infinitive ( TO).

  • She does not need to come here. (Tense)
  • She needn’t come here. (MODAL)

c. In Tense as a Principal Verb, ‘need’ will add ‘s’ i.e. 5th form of NEED (needs)  if the sentence is in Present Indefinite

( Affirmative) when the subject is singular in number, and ‘ed’  (needed) will be added when the sentence is in Past Indefinite (Affirmative) but in Modals, there is no need to add

‘s’  or ‘ed’ with the VERB ‘need’ as there is no form of the MODAL AUXILIARY VERBS.

  • Disha needs more chocolates. (Tense)
  • Disha need more chocolates. (Modal)
  • Avni needed my help at that time. (Tense)
  • Avni didn’t need your help at that time. (Tense)

REMEMBER:

a. For framing the Past sentence of Need, we’ll have to take the help of Tense (Principal verb)as with modal framing past Tense with ‘need’ is not possible’.

The negative form didn’t need + to-infinitive normally refers to actions which were unnecessary and were not performed:

  •  Avni didn’t need your help as I was there for her.
  • Anshu needn’t fire crackers on New year’s eve. See, he has burnt his hand.

c. NEED as PERFECT INFINITIVE

Need+ have + V3
Often used in framing Negative Sentences. 
( something that was not required to do but had been done)

  • He need not have joined the camp this time. His exams are at hand.
  • Need he has lost his temper in such a crucial condition? Now see, he has spoiled his whole career.

d. Need while answering the questions
How to use while Answering a question 
Read the examples carefully-

  • Need he go there?

      No, he needn’t.

     Yes, he must 
If the answer is in the affirmative, the use of ‘ needn’t ‘ is required if the answer is positive use of ‘ must’ is compulsoryOER

EXERCISE : HOW MUCH YOU UNDERSTOOD ABOUT 'NEED'

Read the following sentences carefully and tell in which form of  NEED has been used in the following sentences:- 

(Principal Verb, Modal Auxiliary, Perfect Infinitive)

( Two have been done as examples_

a. You are an affluent personality.          You need help the poor.

Answer- Modal Auxiliary

c. Ridhim need not have gone the cinema today. See , he has lost his bike there.

Answer: 

d. Priya needs not worry about her future. She is a brilliant girl. 

Answer-

e. Need you visit your friend’s house today?

f. Akash didn’t need your notebook.

    He was only trying you, 

Answer- 

 g. Belinda need have secured good marks. The merit has gone very high. She can not get admission in a good school. 
Answer: 

ANSWER:

c. Perfect Infinitive

d. Principal Verb

e. Modal Auxiliary 

f. Principal Verb 

g. Perfect Infinitive

 

USE OF DARE

DARE EXPRESSES:

  • TRYING SOMETHING AGAINST ANYTHING/ANYONE’S WILL
  • THE BOLDNESS  OR COURAGE TO DO SOMETHING
  • TO BE AS BOLD AS

Like other Semi Modal Verbs, ‘Dare ‘ is used as a Modal 

Auxiliary verb and Principal Verb as well.

Let’s understand the different uses of dare stepwise-

A. USE OF DARE AS A PRINCIPAL VERB

She doesn’t dare to face me now.

She didn’t dare to visit my home.

Don’t dare to ask such a question from your teacher.

Jigyasu dares to face the tough baller.

B. USE OF DARE AS A MODAL AUXILIARY VERB

I dare not visit alone in the dense forest.

Dare not visit this place again.

Dare you take such a challenge?

REMEMBER: Like other Semi Modal Verbs Dare also can take Present, Past, and Past Participle forms of the verb but While using the same word as modal Auxiliary Verb, will never take any form as Modals never change the forms.

In the same way DARE if used as a Principal Verb , it will take infinitive(to+v1)

but when it is used a Modal verb it will not take infinitive. 

EXERCISE: HOW MUCH YOU UNDERSTOOD ABOUT 'DARE'

Read the following sentences carefully and tell in which form DARE is taking:-

( Principal Verb or Modal Auxiliary) 

a. Agatha dare not face the bitter truth of her life.

      Answer:

b. Garima dare not move to my home next time. 

      Answer: 

c. Dare Shubhangi visit my street next time?

      Answer:

d. Smita didn’t dare to see her report card as she knew the result. 

       Answer : 

e. Anuj dares to challenge Akhilesh.

    Answer:

f. Nikhil did not dare to look into her father’s eyes. 

ANSWERS

a. Modal Auxiliary

b. Modal Auxiliary

c. Modal Auxiliary

d. Principal Verb

e Principal Verb

f. Principal Verb

QUIZ

1. Hina didn’t ____jump off the high wall .

Correct! Wrong!

2. You____invite Jyotsana if she doesn’t wish to join.

Correct! Wrong!

3. Ruchi ___ know my address. I don’t wish to meet her.

Correct! Wrong!

4. Abhishek ______ show his teeth during the ongoing class everytime.

Correct! Wrong!

5. ______ Richa ask me such a question ?

Correct! Wrong!

6. Shruti ____ to pay attention on her studies. She seems diverting her my now a days.

Correct! Wrong!

7. Akash_____ remains silent in the class .

Correct! Wrong!

8. Vishal ______ to work harder than earlier to shine.

Correct! Wrong!

9. Srishti _____ ask questions from Saloni when she remained absent in school.

Correct! Wrong!

10. Akshat has been_____ irritating others.

Correct! Wrong!

11. Sneha ______ have a walk for half an hour everyday during lockdown. But now she can’t as the schools have been opened.

Correct! Wrong!

12. Aarti _____ visit the hospital during lockdown as she was appointed nurse there.

Correct! Wrong!

Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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