VOICES

VOICES

There are two kinds of voices

1.Active voice

2. Passive voice

Active – When an action is

              performed by the subject.

Examples – 

Shyam broke a toy.

Ravi killed a snake.

-In sentence 1  the action ‘broken’ has been directly performed by Shyam -the subject (Doer)

-In sentence 2  the action the action ‘killed’ has been performed by Ravi– the subject  (Doer)

Passive –  Passive voice do not show

                   the actions done by the subject

                   but they express how the

                  subject is affected/suffered

                  by the object.

Examples –

  1. The snake was killed by Anil.
  2. The  rat was caught by the cat.
  3. Krishna was caught by her mother while stealing the butter.
  4.  in sentence 1 TheSanke is the suffererof the action done by Anil .

      -Snake – Sufferer: :Anil- Doer

     -Krishna – Sufferer : : Mother- Doer

How to change an Active into Passive Voice

  • Root points to keep in mind
  1. Replace the subject with the object & object

      with the subject.

 

ACTIVE-     Satyam broke my bat.

                    Satyam -Subject

                    Bat – object

PASSIVE –  My bat was broken by Satyam

                   Bat- Subject

                   Satyam – Object

            

  1. Use of an appropriate form the verb ( be )

Present        ( is / am / are )

Past              (was / were )

Future          ( will be / shall be )

Perfect         ( been )

Continuous  ( being )

Modals            ( be )

Infinitive        ( to be )

  1. Always use the Past Participle of the verb( V3)
  1. My  bat was broken by Satyam
  2. Her purse has been stolen.
  3. The lion was captured by the hunter.

     PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

  • Broken
  • Stolen
  • Captured

4. Use appropriate preposition before the Subject

    ( i.e. by, with, in)

  1. An owl was seen by him last night.
  2. A letter was written with pen.
  3. I was astonished at your behaviour.
  1. (a) Remember for living being commonly (by) is used.
  • Nouns

By Ravi

By Ruchika

By Namrata

  • Pronouns

He    by him

She  by her

We   by us

They   by them

You   by you

It  by it

  1. (a.1) But in some cases – common or fixed Preposition rules

         are applied —

READ THE EXAMPLE BELOW:-

Nouns

  • He was astonished at his son.
  • I am pleased with my daughter today

Pronouns

  • I was astonished at him.
  • Gandhiji is known to everyone.
  • I shall be obelized to you
  1. (b) But for Non living objects and abstract ideas

     common rules of Prepositions and fixed

     preposition rules are applied. 

Example:-

  • The snake was hit with a stick.
  • I am pleased with your performance.
  • I am interested in drawing.
( in some of the cases only ‘by’ is used)
  • I was delayed by the traffic .
( In case we don’t use ‘due to’)

5. The verb must be agreed with the subject.

Example:-

  • Active – This boy has broken these chairs.
  • Passive- These chairs have been broken by this boy.

       The boy is singular but the chairs are plural

  • Active- I am eating different chocolated.
  • Passive- Different chocolates are being eaten by me.

        I is singular but Chocolates are plural

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1. There are ___ types of voices in Grammar.

Correct! Wrong!

2. In an Active Voice an action is performed by the _____

Correct! Wrong!

3. In a Passive Voice the subject is actually a _____ of the actions performed by the _____.

Correct! Wrong!

4. In a Passive Voice always use the ______ of the verb.

Correct! Wrong!

7.In a Passive voice agreement of ____ with its subject must not be forgotten .

Correct! Wrong!

8. The object of the Passive Voice must always be followed by a ________.

Correct! Wrong!

8. In a Passive Voice the Subject is replaced with _____

Correct! Wrong!

9. In a Passive voice voice the object is always followed by a preposition (BY).

Correct! Wrong!

10. In some cases the ______ in the Passive Voice can be missed out.

Correct! Wrong!

11. Before placing a preposition before the object in a Passive Voice, rules of ______ must not be forgotten.

Correct! Wrong!

Intro of Passive Voice
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Published by Buds of Wisdom

I am Meena Kumari, PGT(English)+ B.ed. Teaching is my passion. Love to guide students in Grammar Learning and build up their writing skills.

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